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Transcript of IMSD
An overview of Brazilian culture
Let's learn a little about Brazil
A multicultural, multiracial and multireligious country
Brazil is the most multicultural country in the world. In Brazil, you can find German, Italian, Polish, Russian, Japanese, African, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Chinese, Korean, South American, Jewish, Muslin, Christian and others. All these cultures are melted under the portuguese root.
Brazil is an emerging Market economy, characterized by economic growth, increased foreign investment and increased international political clout.
Fast growth is evidenced by strong economic data, as in rising gross domestic product, GDP per capita, trade volumes and foreign reserves.
Brazilian foreign reserves is about US$ 380 billions.
Seventh world economy teetering with England in sixth position, depending on the variation of Currency Exchange Rates. Economic analysts project that Brazil will be the fifth largest economy in a few years.
GDH 2013 was approximately 2.422 trillion of dollars.
Unemployment 2014 (April): About 5%. 2015: 6%
GDP grow rate 2013: 2,5% 2014: 0,1%
For IMSD Staff
Tuesday, January 6th, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Common mistakes about Brazil
What do you know about Brazil?
Some important and unknown facts about Brazil
The brazilian way to integrate diplomacy and Armed Forces
Soft power and Hard power
The name Brazil comes from the redwood Brazilwood tree -its earliest commercially exploited product – brasil is “like a ember” in latin.
Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world and covers almost half of South America. Its total area is approximately 3,3 millions of square mile.
Its neighbors are Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and France.
Brazil is the 5th most populous country of the world, with 200 millions of inhabitants.
Political administrative organization
Officially Brazil constitutes a Federal Republic - Federative Republic of Brazil - with 26 states and a federal district.
Adopts the equality between the executive, legislative and judiciary.
Brasília is the capital.
Brazil has the three levels of government: federal, state and municipal.
Congress is bicameral, consisting of two chambers: the Senate, composed of 81 senators, representing 27 States (26 states and the Federal District), and the Chamber of Deputies, composed of 513 deputies, who represent the people.
The executive power is represented in the person of the President and his Cabinet Ministers and Secretaries. He is elected by direct vote, and carries the mandate of 4 years with the possibility of re-election in sequence.
The name of the current president is Dilma Rousseff.
Flag of Brazil
Brazilian National Anthem.
Coat of Arms
Climates of Brazil
The climate of Brazil is diversified as a result of various factors, such as geographical features, the territorial extension, relief and dynamics of air masses.
The types of climate in Brazil are: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, subtropical and tropical atlantic.
Brazil has a rich diversity of vegetation: it are highlighted eight major types. This is due to its large territory and climatic diversity.
Biodiversity and water
A variety of biomes reflects the enormous wealth of flora and fauna Brazilian: Brazil is home to the greatest biodiversity. This abundant variety of life - that translates into over 20% of the total number of species on Earth - Brazil raises as the main nation among the 17 megadiverse countries (or greater biodiversity).
Brazil has approximately 16% of usable fresh water on the planet. It is the country with the largest stock, but the water is unevenly distributed throughout the territory.
The ethnic groups have left profound influence on national culture, especially indigenous peoples, Africans, Italians and Germans. Indigenous and African influences have left their mark within the music, cuisine , folklore , crafts , emotional characters and popular festivals in Brazil, as well as influenced the Brazilian Portuguese language.
Brazil is a religiously diverse country, with a trend of mobility and tolerance among religions . The Brazilian population is mostly Christian ( 89 % ), being largely Catholic. However, the Brazilian Christianity adapted as a tolerant religion since the sixteenth century.
Portuguese is spoken by almost the whole population of Brazil.
Uses the Roman Alphabet. It's a Latin language.
Language is one of the reasons what really brings the people of Brazil together because we all can speak it. We are all able to understand each other in any part of the country.
Even though Portuguese sounds like Spanish, a Brazilian would be upset if you called them hispanic.
People stand close to each other quite a bit: when talking, standing in line, greeting.
Is polite to look the other in the eye when talking.
Greetings are very warm. Take time to greet everybody.
A woman and a woman and a man and a woman will kiss each other on the cheeks when greeting/meeting
Handshakes are welcoming; they also pat each other on the back. A firm handshake means you are confident and respectful.
Frequently have meetings is polite to serve black coffee.
Snap fingers and slam hands down on the table to emphasize phrases.
Appearance count. It is important dress formally in the professional occasions, but we are very informal in other occasions.
Brazilians believe that relationships are more important than business.
Brazilians are very flexible to solve problems. They deal everything in a personal way.
Brazilian like to solve problems "tomorrow".
Brazilians like to take more than 1 shower a day.
What not to do
The worst gesture to make in Brazil is the 'ok' sign. It is fine in most countries, but is extremely rude in Brazil. It is the equivalent to sticking out the middle finger in America.
It is very impolite to ask someone about one's job status, love life, or financial issues because it is very deep and personal. Brazilians like to keep conversation light-hearted by talking about the weather or the landscapes.
Brazilians do not like to be appointed by the skin color or ethnicity.
Don't get right down to the business. Brazilians like to know the person before talk professionally.
Avoid to talk about business during the lunch time.
Do not expect a brazilian be on time...
Family is really important in Brazil. Family includes grandparents, parents, uncles and cousins.
Brazil has 1,81 child/woman.
Children usually participate of the events together with the parents.
There is a relation of hierarchy between parents and children, but the opinion of the children are important.
Brazilians do not like to see someone give spanking the child. It is a crime in Brazil.
Weddings are important, but the divorce is normal.
There is not the custom of sending the elderly to retirement homes. Typically, the sons caring for parents, even from a distance.
Brazilian people is our greatest resource
Football is the most popular sport in Brazil . Despite the performance in the last World Cup, the Brazilian national soccer team is the most victorious team, wining five times in the FIFA World Cup: 1958 , 1962, 1970 , 1994 and 2002 . Basketball, futsal, adventure sports, surf, swimming, volleyball, auto racing and martial arts like MMA and Brazilian jiu - jitsu also have great popularity in the country.
1 - Physical Infrastructure.
2 - Global Connectivity.
3 - Macroeconomic environment.
4 - Institutional Environment.
5 - Human Capital.
6 - Finance infrastructure .
7 - Image.
GDP - composition, by sector of origin (2013):
Main agricultural products
The Brazil is a major global producer of food. It is now the largest exporter of coffee, sugar cane, orange and tobacco. Moreover, since 2003 also happened to be the 1st in soybean, chicken and beef. And is the 3rd in production of fruits and corn. Also It is a major producer of rice, beans, coconut, cotton, wealth, cocoa, but these products are consumed internally. There are important regional production of agricultural products.
Brazil is a country rich in mineral resources. With just over 30% of the mapped territory, the country has the following reservations:
World greater reserve of niobium (98%);
Second largest reserves of iron (20%);
Third largest reserves of aluminum (10%) and tantalite;
Fourth largest reserves in chrysotile, vermiculite and magnesite;
Fifth largest reserves with gems;
Sixth largest reserves of uranium and tin
The country also has large reserves of lead, cobalt, copper, chromium, manganese, gold, nickel, titanium, vanadium, zinc, zirconium, thorium, rare earths, lithium, coal, among others.
In the oil and gas, Brazil has significant deepwater reserves.
Food and drinks
Machinery and equipment
Rubber and plastic products
Pulp and paper products.
Industrialization of Brazil
The process of industrialization in Brazil began during the Brazilian Empire and he was in rapid expansion, when Brazil had to waging a long war. Resources spent exhausted the national treasury and industrial growth has stagnated. During the 60's and 70's Brazil experienced the "Brazilian miracle" with the economic and industrial double-digit expansion. The second oil crisis caused a decrease in the Brazilian economy and inflation.
Rapid economic growth in 20 years caused massive internal migrations. Brazil's big cities could not absorb so many people in so little time. Thus, Brazilian slums in major cities were a consequence of an extremely rapid process of industrialization.
Brazilian science and technology have achieved a significant position in the international arena in the last decades..
Brazil has the most advanced space program in Latin America, with significant capabilities in launch vehicles and satellite manufacturing.
The Brazilian nuclear technology for peaceful purposes is unique on the world.
The Brazil also has important medical advances and research related to DNA and stem cells.
The country is a leader in oil and gas in deep waters and biofuel technology.
Brazil has important advances in food production.
Other areas of technological highlight are: automobiles, airplanes, software, fiber optics, electrical devices and telecommunications.
What is holding Brazil Back?
The Brazilian tourism is characterized by offering the tourist a wide range of options, highlighting the natural, historical, cultural and adventure attractions.
Features of civil war
From 1822 up to 1824
Brazil kept the unity and the stability.
Only monarchy in America.
Full democracy (prime minister, 2 chambers, constitution, elections and freedom of expression.
Consolidated the unity of Brazil
Intense economic growing, stopped by the long war in Paraguay.
Strong armed forces, mainly the Navy (one of strongest fleet in the world), equipped with modern equipment and doctrine.
Establishment of the Old Republic
End of Oligarchy / Fascism
In 1930 the oligarchic republic ended.
There was an attempted communist coup in 1935, supported by the USSR.
In 1937 President Vargas initiated a fascist government.
After Germany sinking Brazilian merchant ships, Brazil declared war on the Axis in 1942.
After the end of World War II, the Brazilian Army restored democracy in 1945.
Tordesilhas Treaty - 1494
Portugal took possession of Brazil in April 22th, 1500
President José Sarney took on the presidency in 1985. His term was marked by chaotic economy and by treaties with Argentina.
In 1989 assumed the President Collor de Melo. He started opening up the economy, but in a disorganized way. Inflation, which was already high, became hyperinflation. In 1991 Congress annulled his term by corruption. The Vice-President Itamar Franco took over and managed to stabilize the economy.
In 1994 was elected President Fernando Henrique. His administration was marked by economic organization, stability, privatization of state enterprises, financial system organization and he managed various global economic crises. He initiated programs of wealth distribution.
Lula da Silva took office in 2002. His term was marked by economic growth, wealth distribution and corruption scandals. He managed to elect his successor in 2010, the current President Dilma Rousseff.
Between 1945 and 1961, Army avoid 3 coups against democracy.
In 1961, President Jânio Quadros resign, an attempt to increase its powers.
The Vice-President João Goulart connected the Communists, takes on the presidency. In 1963 he began a process of deploying a populist regime. The Communist Party, backed by Moscow, prepared a coup.
Millions of people took to the streets and ask the Army to intervene. The coup was scheduled for May 1, Labor Day in Brazil. On March 31, 1964, the Brazilian Army anticipated and removes Goulart of the Presidency. The Presidency was delivered to Congress which elects to President Marshal Castelo Branco, Chief of Army Staff.
During this time, Brazil faced guerrillas movements and terrorists acts. The Government won the war against guerrillas and It started the political opening. In 1985, the military handed the power over to civilians again.
Brazil believes in multilaterism to solve world problems
Brazilian vision in the world community:
Defense of human rights and social rights;
Increase the role of UN to solve international problems;
Creation of the G20;
Transformation of BRICS in international organization;
Creation of BRICS bank of development;
Organization of UNASUR;
Support free AIDS program in poor countries;
Forgiveness of debts in poor countries;
Financing infrastructure projects in Latin America and Africa;
Discussion about Internet governance at the UN;
Performance on the Doha Round in WTO;
Support scientific-technological and financial support for hunger relief programs in poor countries;
Stabilization of Haiti.
Excess of perfect laws
MINISTRY OF DEFENSE
Budget 2013: US$ 33 billions (US$ 37 billions)
Army personnel: in process to increase personnel from approximately 200.000 to 235.000 (325.000)
Navy: 60.000 (80.000) - Mariners 15.000
Air Force: 68.000 (82.000)
Control the logistic chain and decrease the technological gap.
Strengthen the defense industrial base.
Army Main Projects
Become Army based in capabilities
MRLS and Cruise missiles
2044 new BMP e light armors
Defense borders program
Navy Main Projects
New stealth frigates
New submarines fleet (nuclear and conventional)
Air Force Main Projects
New generation fighter
New weapons systems
Modernization of aircrafts based on Brazilian technology