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Shape of the World

An overview of the Millennium Development Goals

Tory Brustolin

on 15 November 2010

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Transcript of Shape of the World

It was the largest meeting of world leaders to date with 150 heads of state, heads of government, crown princes, vice presidents and deputy prime ministers in attendance. "free all men, women, and children from the abject and dehumanising conditions of extreme poverty." The Millennium Development Goals are 8 aims for reducing poverty and improving health in developing nations. They have been agreed on by all 192 members of the United Nations member states and have been given the deadline of 2015 MDG 1- Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger MDG2- Achieve Universal Access to Education MDG 3- Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women MDG 4- Reduce Child Mortality MDG 5- Improve Maternal Health MDG 6- Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases MDG 7- Ensure Environmental Sustainability MDG 8- Develop a Global Partnership for Development This was adopted by all leaders present and gave birth to the Millennium Development Goals in 2001. 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 0.7% MDG 1- Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
SO WHAT ARE THE FACTS? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ONE IN FIVE 1/5 1.2 billion men, women and children are living on less than one dollar a day ? ? Throughout the world, 170 million children suffer from malnutrition So what's the good news? The number of people living in poverty has fallen faster in the past 50 years than in the previous 500 years. Despite the global finacial crisis, an expected further 15% fall in the poverty rate should achieve the target of halving world poverty in 15 years MDG2- Achieve Universal Access to Education Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
SO WHAT ARE THE FACTS? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? more than 100 million never attend school, 230 million have no access to secondary education, and almost 250 million work to pay for their own needs and those of their families. x 100,000,000 To meet the goal, countries will also need to ensure that there are enough teachers and classrooms to meet the demand. Between now and 2015, the number of new teachers needed in sub-Saharan Africa alone equals the current teaching force in the region. THE GOOD NEWS... Between 1999 & 2008 the percentage of primary school age children attending school increased to 89% in the developing world including an 8% increase in southern Asia an 11% increase in North Africa and an 18% increase in Sub-Saharan Africa MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 MDG1 ? MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 ? MDG2 MDG2 MDG2 MDG 4- Reduce Child Mortality Target 5. Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
Facts??? The child mortality rate in our own country is still alarmingly high for Indigenous Australians. There were 12.3 deaths per 1000 live births compared to 4.2 for Non-Indigenous Australians between 2002 and 2006. This number, however, has dropped 47% between 1991 and 2006. 144 out of every 1000 children born in Sub-Saharan Africa will not reach the age of 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 It is getting better...
The total number of mortalities reduced from 12.5 million in 1990 to 8.8 million in 2008 Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique and Niger have seen absolute reductions of more than 100 per 1,000 live births since 1990. MDG4 MDG4 MDG4 MDG4 ? ? Less than half of deliveries in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are attended by a medical health professional compared to 99% in developed reigions Despite this more women (80%)
are receiveing antenatal care with 2008 figures up 16% on figures recorded in 1990 including 70% in Southern Asia and 76% in Sub-Saharan Africa some problems faced... Distribution of contraception has slowed The push to reduce teenage pregnencies has stalled in pervious years. Teenage girls in poorer areas and those who have not had access to formal education have a higher incidence of teenage pregnancy. MDG 6- Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

Target 10. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases In 2008 an estimated 33.4 million people were living with AIDS. Of these 22.4 million lived in Sub-Sahran Africa 17.5 million children under the age of 18 lost one or both parents to AIDS in 2008 alone and following the trend 14.1 million were in Sub-Saharan Africa While treatment has been expanded to include more and more people it can't keep up with the spread of the virus. For every two new people who commence antiretroviral treatment there are 5 newly infected people.
MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 MDG6 863,000 people died from Malaria in 2008. 89% of these were in Africa In 2008, an estimated 9.4 million people were newly diagnosed with tuberculosis worldwide. After AIDS, Tuberculosis is the second biggest cause of death There are some great initiatives such as an increase in the production of insecticide-treated bed nets While the number of people living with HIV continues to grow, the spread of HIV seems to have stabilised. The number of people who were newly infected with HIV peaked in 1996 and has been steadily on the decline since then but was still as high as 2.7 million in 2008. Graphs and information from
The Millennium Development Goal Report 2010, Published by the United Nations, New York, 2010
Environment and Poverty Times #4: MDG issue. Publisher: GRID-Arendal, Publication date: September 2005 , Published in series: Environment Times
Paper crane images from http://www.pacificfriend.ca/html/how_to_fold_a_paper_crane.html MDG 8- Develop a Global Partnership for Development Target 15. Address the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing states Target 16. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system Target 17. Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt Target 18 In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 The combined amount offical development assistance actually went down 119 billion USD in 2009 after being at 122 billion USD in 2008 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% 0.7% ODA ODA ODA 0.7% 0.7% ODA ODA Official development assistance for most countries remains well below the target of 0.7%. The target is nothing new and was actually set in 1970. While in the USA military spending reached $663.8 billion MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 MDG8 Massive progress has been made through lowering of tariffs and the easing of debt in developing nations MDG 3- Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 What are the Facts? The goal for gender parity for primary education was set to be achieved in 2005, but it is still out of reach for some developing reigions, the worst being Oceania and Sub-Saharan Africa. Men outnumber women in every developing reigion except The CIS (Commonwealth of Independant States) in non-agricultural employment ? ? ? ? Northern Africa, Southern Asia and Western Asia have the lowest percentage of women in their workforce MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 MDG3 But the good thing is The number of women represented in parliament has risen in developing reigions by 7% More girls than boys have enrolled in secondary education in Latin America and the Carribean, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia MDG 5- Improve Maternal Health Target 6. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio What are the facts? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? MDG5 MDG5 MDG5 MDG5 MDG5 Target 7: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health The most concerning fact are the inequalities that occur as a result of difference in wealth Target 9. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it MDG 7- Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 11. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources Target 12.Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss Target 13. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Target 14. Have achieved by 2020 a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers About 13 million hectares of forest worldwide has been lost each year for the last decade although this is down from 16 million hectares in the 90's it is still at an alarmingly high rate extensive planting programs in some areas and the natural regrowth of forests has reclaimed 7 million hectares resulting in a total of 6 million hectares being lost CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 In 2007 CO2 emissions rose 3.2% to 30 billion tons. this is 35% higher than recorded in 1990 Plenty is being done, however, to save our ozone with the phase out of ozone depleting substances (ODSs) such as chloroflourocarbons. between 1986 and 2009 the use of ODSs reduced by 98% and in 2010 we are virtually free of them. CO2 CO2 We have missed the target for biodiversity which was to be achieved by 2010. Significant progress ha been made but not enough to ensure that areas of importance have been adequately protected There is much yet to be done to meet the Millennium Development Goal for sustainable drinking water and adequate sanitation The difficulty with improvong the lives of those living in slums is that while conditions are improving the population continues to grow Here is a breakdown of the MDG targets and the likelihood of them being achieved. Some areas are well on track to meet the targets while other severely lag behind. Data, however, does not always paint a realistic picture and other studies predict a more hopeful outcome. MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 MDG7 If current trends continue, the world will meet or even exceed the MDG drinking water target by 2015. By that time, an estimated 86 per cent of the population in developing regions will have gained access to improved sources of drinkingwater. 2015 is not far away. Lets hope in five years time we are looking at a brighter future
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