Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Judaism and the Jewish People

Ch 5

Margie de Quesada

on 9 November 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Judaism and the Jewish People

Chapter 5
Judaism and the Jewish People
The Early Israelites
- Language - Hebrew
- Believed they were descendants of Abraham
- The first religion based on one God (monotheism).
The Exodus
- To escape famine, Jacob's family moved to Egypt where soon they become slaves.
- Pharaoh orders all Israelite boys thrown in the Nile
- One baby is found by the pharaoh's daughter (she names him Moses)
- Moses grew up in a royal house until he was discovered to be an Israelite
- God speaks to Moses from a Burning bush and tells him to free the Israelites from slavery
- the Pharaoh refuses to free the Hebrew people, so God sends 10 plagues to convince them
- Last plague (Passover) - all Egyptian first born sons are killed (including the Pharaoh's boy)
- This convinced the Pharaoh. He lets the Israelites go, but sends soldiers after them.

- Moses parted the Red sea and led the Israelites through the desert to reach the Promised Land.
- While traveling to Canaan, Moses went to the top of Mount Sinai and received laws from God.
The Ten Commandments
- The Ten Commandments helped form the basic moral laws for many nations.
The Promised Land
- It took the Israelites 40 years to reach the Promised Land (Canaan).
- When they arrived, they found a group of people living there called the Canaanites.
- Moses never lived to see it.
- Joshua became their new leader.
- so Joshua led them into battle.
- They conquered Canaan and divided the land among the 12 tribes
- After Joshua’s death, the Israelites looked to judges for leadership.
- This powerful group comes into Canaan, and the 12 tribes decide they need a king to unite them against the Philistines.
The Philistines
King Saul
- The judges chose Saul, a warrior, to be Israel's first king
- David, a young shepard and musician is sent to fight in Saul's army
- He becomes the Israelite king
- While in the army - he becomes famous by defeating Philistine “giant” - Goliath
- Saul does not like this attention, so he makes David a general (hoping he dies)
- David runs away to the desert and Philistines attack
- United the 12 tribes
King David
- Built a new capital city called Jerusalem
- Wrote many psalms
- Always remembered as the Israelites greatest king
- Kicked out the Philistines
- Built the Temple of Jerusalem
King Solomon
- He was known for his wise sayings, or proverbs.
- Not well liked
- After his death, the 12 tribes began fighting again and split apart into two kingdoms
The Fall of Israel
- Assyrians conquered and scattered the 10 tribes - became known as The “Lost Tribes of Israel”
Kingdom of Israel - 10 tribes - capital Samaria
Kingdom of Judah - 2 tribes - capital Jerusalem

- The Neo-Babylonians conquered Judah, yet Jews start many rebellions against them.
The Fall of Judah
- King Nebuchadnezzar punishes them by destroying the Temple of Jerusalem
- Nebuchadnezzar sent about 10,000 Jews to his capital in Babylon

- It lasts 70 years until the Persian king Cyrus lets them go back to Judah
The Babylonian Captivity
- The Romans conquered Judah and renamed it Judea.
The Jews and Romans
The Diaspora
- Greek term describing Jews that didn’t live in Judah
The Maccabees
- Were an army led by Judas Maccabeus to fight off the Greeks.
- They kicked the Greeks out of Judah and destroyed all the Greek statues from their temple.
- Each year during Hanukkah, the Jews recall the cleansing of the temple and the Maccabees victory.
- They destroyed the Temple of Jerusalem
- All that remains is the Western Wall
- The Romans forbid Jews from entering Jerusalem and renamed Judea to Palestine
Section 1 - The Origins of Judaism
- God tells Abraham to move from Ur to Canaan (The Promised Land) and makes a covenant with him
- Family Tree
The Time of the Judges
- It doesn't work, so King Saul plots to kill David
- They kept their culture, language, and religion
Greek and Roman Rule
- Jews revolted twice against the Romans, yet lost
- Influenced Christianity and Islam
- Beliefs are based on ethics
- Beliefs are found in the Torah
(pg. 171)
- He is known as their patriarch
- judges were military leaders
Full transcript