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Maus Presentation

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Stephanie Montero

on 2 May 2011

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Transcript of Maus Presentation

MAUS Artie Art Spiegelman is the author and narrator of Maus, and also one of the story's main characters. Artie admires his father for his survival in Auschwitz, but also frustration towards his annoying actions and the way he treats him, and he feels guilty for not caring for what his father has lived through during difficult times.Even though Artie did not live through the Holocaust, he feels that he is constantly affected by it. His father's personality was mostly formed from his experiences in Auschwitz, and Vladek's personality affected the way in which Artie was raised. Artie feels guilty because his life has been so much easier than his parents. He sometimes wishes that he had been in Auschwitz, so that he would know what they went through.
Vladek Spiegelman
Vladek is Art Spiegelman's father. Artie's book Maus is based on Vladek's experience during the Holocaust. The future Vladek seems to be very self-centered and believes that everything bad that happens is Art's fault.Vladek's personality is largely because of his Holocaust experiences. He is married to a second wife, yet they do not get along because Vladek believes she is just with him because of his money. Anja Spiegelman

Anja is Art's mother and Vladek's first wife. They get married in 1937.Anja was an anxious woman, she suffers depression shortly after the birth of her son Richieu and spends three months recovering in a sanitarium. Her father is a wealthy man who provides Vladek with his own textile factory, until the German invasion in 1939. Anja did survive the Holocaust with Vladek and both migrate to the United States. Then in 1968 she commits suicide. Mala Spiegelman

Mala is Vladek's second wife, and a friend of his family from before the war. The couple does not get along. Mala is frustrated towards Vladek's inability to give her money. Though Mala is very calm because even though Vladek screams at her and treats her wrong she is still very calm and does what he says.Like Vladek, she is a Holocaust survivor. Setting #1 Setting #1 is at Vladek's house.Vladek’s conversations with Art take place in the 1970s and 1980s, at the family home in Rego Park, a suburb of New York City, at vacation spots in the Catskills, and at a home in Florida where Vladek and Mala spend part of their time.

His house is where Art goes to write his book about his father's experience during the Holocaust. Art's conversations with Vladek take place in the 1970s and 1980s, at Vladek's home in Rego Park, a suburb of New York City. Setting #2 Setting #2 is when Vladek Spiegelmanis explaining Poland in the years leading up to World War II. Just like the Jews in Germany, Polish Jews were required to wear badges that identified them as Jews. Their businesses were taken over by the government and their property also. Jews were forced to move in the Ghetto which stricted them from many things and they were given curfew.
Setting #3 Setting #3 is when Vladek is taken to Auschwitz. Auschwitz was a concentration camp where they made ALL Jews work, or where they were enslaved as part of the Nazi plan to remove Jews from Germany. The sign over its gates "ARBEIT MACHT FREI" , or “work will make you free”, meant that prisoners were forced to work in terrible conditions there. In Aushwitz many Jews were taking to gas chambers where they would be sent to die. Setting #4 Setting #4 is in Birkenau. Birkenau is part of Auschwitz but it was where the majority of the killings happened. It was also where Art’s mother was imprisoned. In Birkenau over one million Jewish prisoners were killed. Where at last people were set free by the Soviet Army in January 27, 1945. Art Spiegelman Spiegelman was born in Stockholm, Sweden to Vladek Spiegelman and Anja Spiegelman. Spiegelman grew up in Rego Park in Queens, New York City, and graduated from the High School of Art and Design in Manhattan. His early career as an artist began in 1966 at Topps Gum Company. Art Spiegelman lives in New York City with his wife and two children, Nadja and Dashiell. His recent novels include Little Lit and In the Shadow of No Towers, which was about the September 11 attack and what happened after told in a graphic novel. His novels has been published in the New York Times, Playboy, The Village Voice, and the New Yorker. He received an honorary doctorate from Binghamton University in 1995. Family Guilt The relationship between Vladek and his son is one of the main themes in the book, and this novel deals mainly with feelings of guilt. The family guilts can be divided into two ways: 1) Art's feelings of guilt over not being a good son
2) Art's feelings of guilt over the death of his mother In the beggining we can tell that Art and Vladek do not get along , and that they do not see each other often, though they live close by. Art is always arguing with his father, and when they speak an argument will most likely happen. For example when Art dropped a cigarette ash on the carpet, or when Vladek said he burned Anja's diaries from the war. Art also feels guilty for the death of his mother. As said in "Prisoner on the Hell Planet", Art feels responsible for his mother's suicide, because he wasn't treatinq his mother like she was his mother. His last memory of his mother,in which she asks him if he still loves her, and he responds with a "sure",is a painful reminder of the guilt he is feeling for his mother's death. Though this guilt isn't as important, Art feels similar feelings of guilt towards his father, who is still alive.
Survival The motivation of the Jews in the Holocaust is survival. Vladek's experiences in the Holocaust shows a constant struggle to survive, first as his factory and money are taken away, then as the Jews are sent into the ghettos, and lastly the nightmare of Auschwitz. For example, the Jews were surviving the Ghettos by buying food from the black market. Also when Vladek arrives home from the prisoner of war camp Mr. Ilzecki helps him earn money and get the work papers that will allow him to walk the streets safely. How Vladek and Anja tried to survive from being sent to a concentration camp was by hiding together in barns and back rooms of Sosnowiec but at the end they are sent to a concentration camp. In the camp, Vladek and Anja are both struggling to survive on their own, but Vladek helps his wife by giving her extra food. Soon the Russians go to Auschwitz and Birkenau and the couple is separated. So here Vladek is struggling to keep himself alive through his will to survive.
Race Race is shown throughout the whole book of MAUS by indicating that Jews are mouse, Germans are cats,and Polish as pigs. The whole central idea for this theme is to show how strong race was during World War II. It also helps us better understand who were the dominants and the ones being dominated during this era. As the relationship between a cat and a mouse with the Germans and Jews are quiet similiar. As the cat will always dominate a mouse,Germans were dominating Jews by killing them all. The basic causes of World War II were nationalistic tensions, unresolved issues, and the results from the First World War, lastly the effects of the Great Depression in the 1930s. The events that led to World War II were the 1939 invasion of Poland by Germany and the 1937 invasion of the Republic of China by the Empire of Japan. These military acts were made by the Nazi army in Germany and by the leadership of the Kwantung Army in Japan. World War II started after an official declaration of war and armed resistance.
World War II (Causes) World War II (Effects) The effects of World War II affected the whole world. Millions of lives were lost as a result of the war. Germany was divided into four quadrants, which were controlled by the Allied Powers,the United States, United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union. The war affected different countries in different ways. For example the European borders, the beggining of the United Kingdom's welfare state, the communist takeover of China and Eastern Europe, the rise of Israel, and the division of Germany and Korea and later of Vietnam. Technologies, such as nuclear fission, the electronic computer and the jet engine, also appeared during this time. Also the United States and the Soviet Union became the two most powerful victors.
http://history1900s.about.com/worldwarii/World_War_II.htm
http://lambiek.net/artists/s/spiegelman.htm Refrences: Refrences(Images): Google Images:
Art Spiegelman
Vladek Spiegelman
Anja
Mala
The Ghetto
Auschwitz
Birkenau
House Themes Characters Settings Biography World War II
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