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Young Offenders in the rest of the UK

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by

Sarah Gillies-Denning

on 25 August 2014

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Transcript of Young Offenders in the rest of the UK

In October 2011 there were 8,317 young people (18-20) in prison in England & Wales
18-25 year olds make up a tenth of the total population but account for a third of those sent to prison each year, a third of the probation caseload and a third of the total socio-economic cost of crime
58% of young people released from custody in 2008 re-offended within a year
Young Offenders in the rest of the UK
In England & Wales the age of criminal responsibility is 10 years old
those aged 10-14 after committing a crime are sent to secure housing
There are many Young Offenders only Institutions in England & Wales such as Isis in London
Offenders aged 15-21 are sent to Young Offenders Institutes(YOIs)
The key difference between YOIs and Secure Children's homes is that Young Offender Institutions have a lower staff to offender ratio,as these institutions focus on incarceration as opposed to rehabilitation and care.
Young Offenders wings also exist in adult prisons
Young Offender Institutions were introduced under the Criminal Justice Act 1988 and are today regulated by the Young Offender Institution Rules 2000, which are effectively the equivalent of the Prison Rules 1999 that apply to adult prisons in the UK
Young Offenders Institutes
Differences between Scotland and the rest of the UK
Statistics
YOI's have been targets of criticism as conditions are generally unsafe for young people and can result in bullying and suicide
Most of the offenders in YOIs have serious complex family or mental issues/disorders and these cannot be fully or appropriately dealt with at YOIs
YOIs generally have a lack of resources for rehabilitation and create an overall uncomfortable and intimidating atmosphere
Violence and disorder in some YOIs lead offenders to a life of reoffending
Progress has been made with Young Offenders in England and Wales due to the work of the Youth Justice Board and positive intervention by specific Youth Offending Teams
There has been a drop in both the number of first time offenders and the number of offences committed between 2008/9 and 2009/10
The number of offences committed by children fell by around one-third to just under 200,000 in 2010
However it has been estimated that Young Offenders cost the state over £19 billion per year
Full transcript