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French and Russian Revolution Compare and Contrast Project
Transcript of French and Russian Revolution Compare and Contrast Project
By: Morgan Gunnell, Ricky Simons, & Matt Goelz French Revolution Similarities between:
Russian Revolution Russian Revolution The 3rd Estate, or National Assembly, wanted a change so they went to an indoor tennis court and took an oath. They named this the Tennis Court Oath. The king did not like the amount of power the 3rd Estate has gained. He then sent troops to go put down the the revolt of the 3rd Estate. Other Estates were afraid of the 3rd party because of the amount of power they obtained. The 3rd Estate wanted weapons in order to fight. The problem was the weapons were in a castle called, Bastille. After the guards did not allow the Estate to enter, they broke down the door and charged the guards in which they killed. When they did not find the weapons, they were furious and stuck the guard's heads on a stick and hung them from the castle. This was a signal to all that they need to be afraid and that they are coming for the king. They wanted everyone one to know that they were the ones with power. When the king saw what the 3rd Estate did, he is frightened, and a rebellion is spread throughout France. As the 3rd Estate gained more and more power, the 1st and 2nd Estates INCLUDING the king, were losing power. The 3rd Estate created the first step towards a French Constitution, they wrote the, "Declaration of the Rights of Man!" The king was later forced to cooperate with the National Assembly, or the 3rd Estate. The women did not like the bread shortage and the high food prices so they tried to protest. The women also wanted equality, a better education, fair marriage, divorce laws, and the right to sit on juries. They wanted the men's rights to be extended to them as well. The women put their beliefs into a document titled, "Declaration of the rights of Women." Their document was denied and they did not obtain the rules they strive for. The Royal family, which included, King Louis, Marie Antoinette, and their young son, tried to escape from France and go to Austria where Marie's royal family lives. As they approach the shore, a guard holds up money to the disguised king's face and recognizes him due to the money having the king's face on it. When the family got busted, they were brought back to Paris and their guards were slaughtered and the family was put in prison. They awaited their trial.
The people in the third estate, such as, the radicals, Jacobin's, and the Sans Culottes, wanted a change and to not have a king. This was a large argument between them and the middle class people. This is where the Revolution takes the final violent step towards a bloodshed. The kings or Austria and Prussia are nervous that their people will start to go against them because they saw what France did and they might want that too. The kings called this, "French Plague." The two kings, which were anti-revolutionaries, staged a counter revolution. This upset France so France started a war with Austria and Prussia. During this period, man was granted the right to vote. During the wars, King Louis is executed and 10 months later, Marie Antoinette is executed. Their son dies from an unknown death while still in prison. A new machine was built for a quick, easy, and trustworthy execution. The guillotine worked 100% of the time. This machine killed around 40,000 people. Many of the people were executed without a trial, unjustly by execusion, and rumors about them being against the revolution. Everything has shifted to moderation where moderates gain control of government, the new government is called Directory. Both regimes were burdened badly by heavy debts incurred from wars. France was in the American Revolution and Russia was in WWI. Both had weak leaders who let events get out of control quickly. King Louis XVI was France's leader and Czar Nicholas II was Russia's leader. Starvation and bitter winters took its toll on the people, causing a bread riot on both Revolutions. Both revolutions were impacted by the middle classes. The French middle class was the Moderates. The Moderates created their own government called "Directory", which was later overthrown by Napoleon. The Russian middle class was the Dumas. The Dumas also created a government which was later overthrown by Bolshiks (The Bolshiks were the communists). Both of the Royal families were executed.
Russian Royal family: They were taken to the "House of Special Purpose". They were taken to the basement where 11 executioners shot each of the family members.
French Royal Family: Louis and his wife were beheaded while their son was imprisoned and later died. Czar Nicholas II Grigori Rasputin Vladimir Lenin Alexander Kerensky Leon Trotsky Causes for Revolution:
1. Czar Nicholas’s mistakes and unrestrained power
3. Poor economic conditions
4. Poor leadership February Revolution:
Russian citizens march through the Russian capital in protest of the lack of food and fuel. The Russian police and military ignored Czar Nicholas’s orders to shoot the protesters. It was clear the monarchy had lost control and clear Nicholas stepped down. Provisional Government:
Following the February revolution a provisional government was put into place, led by Alexander Kerensky. The provisional government was unpopular and wanted to continue fighting the war. During this time Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia
Following the takeover of the Bolsheviks civil war broke out in Russia between the communist Red Army and those that opposed the drastic change the Bolsheviks wanted to bring, the White Army which was comprised of Cossacks, army officers and political groups ranging from the far right to socialists. The Whites also received support from the United States, Japan, France, and the United Kingdom. The Red Army appealed more to Russian citizens although other nations sent support for the White Army it was all for naught as the Red Army triumphed in 1922. About 9,000,000 people died during the Russian civil war. Thank You!!
Questions?? Napoleon Takes over France by overthrowing the weak (coup d' etat). Napoleon creates a set of laws which is the 1st attempt to organize laws (Napeonic Code which made equality for men but not women). Napoleon starts a war with Russia but he stops short at Moscow. Winter was harsh and they had no supplies. Russia gave up their belongings including homes ("Scorched Earth Policy"). Napoleon returns home with nothing. Austria and Prussia won France and then formed an alliance against Napoleon. napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba. He later escapes Elba and goes back to France to rule. The Battle of Waterloo, Europeans against French, was a loss for the French. Napoleon surrendered to the British and was exiled to the island of St. Helena. He never returned to France due to his death.