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Harvard Referencing

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by

Caroline Proctor

on 12 October 2015

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Transcript of Harvard Referencing

Why do we Reference?!
In-text Citations
Bibliography/ Reference list
Harvard Referencing
what is referencing? Why do we have to do it? Do you have any particular fears about referencing? Post a sticky note & discussion
What?!
Objectives:
By the end of this session all students will:
1.Participate in a discussion about current understanding of referencing and why we have to do it
2. Identify examples of plagiarism
3.Identify each type of in text citation and practise doing citations
4.Construct a full reference for a book
Want to know more? Homework:
Staffordshire University- Refzone
Out of respect to the person who wrote the original information
To show you have done your research
To get a good mark
To avoid plagiarism
For academic credibility
Without references the reasoning lacks credibility
What is Plagiarism?
"To take the work or idea of someone
else and pass it off as one's own"
(Oxford English Dictionary, 2002)
When? !
How?!
Task:
Task:
Task:
"Referencing is the practice of acknowledging in your own writing the intellectual work of others; work that has been presented in some way into the public domain" (Neville, 2007, p.1)

There are many different forms of referencing- during your course you will be using the Harvard system. It is important to know exactly what is expected of you when referencing as the Harvard system can vary slightly between different institutions- be consistent in your approach!
Harvard referencing:
Build a Bibliography
Refzone will guide you through how to reference many other sources of information.
What?!
A citation is a marker you put in your text to show that you are referring to someone elses words or ideas. The citation then links to the reference list or bibliography (a list of all the sources you have used and generally found at the end of your work).
"Quoting directly from source"
This can be words or an image.
Paraphrasing or summarising:
Rewriting someone else work/ideas in your own words...This is not just changing a few words!
We have to provide a citation when:
We don't need to provide a citation when:
Something is common knowledge.
Can you think of any examples of this?
Direct Quotes:
"A suitable learning environment is crucial for effective learning to take place." (Gravells, 2012, p.24)
Or;
Gravells (2012, p.24) believes that "a suitable learning environment is crucial for effective learning to take place".
If your quote is longer than three or four lines it would need to be indented. You would still need to provided a citation.
Paraphrasing/ Summarising
Cite it Right!
According to Gravells (2012) in order for effective learning to occur it is really important to have an appropriate learning environment for your students.
In order for effective learning to occur it is really important to have an appropriate learning environment for your students. (Gravells, 2012)
If:
A source has four or more authors it is usual for the name of the first author to be given followed by the phrase 'et al' which means 'and others'. For example (Jones, et al, 2005)
How?!
References
Example
You need to provide a full reference for every citation in your essay/ assignment. You list your references in alphabetical order according to authors surname.
Sometimes a bibliography is referred to as a reference list
Format:
FAMILY/SURNAME, Initials. (Publication year in brackets) Book title - italicised or underlined. Edition – if not the first. Place of publication: Publisher.
Bibliography Example:
GRAVELLS, A. (2012) Preparing to Teach in the Lifelong Learning Sector. 5th Ed.
London: Learning Matters.
Task
How much do you know about referencing???
Read Harvard referencing hand-out.
What is Referencing?
A quote should be the identical wording to the original work
It should be brief and make a specific point
It should not alter the meaning of the original text
It should be identified by the use of "quotation marks"
It should be indented within the text;
"like this"
The reference and page number should be given.

Why are we expected to reference?
In-text citation activity



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