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Transcript of Narrative Writing
-Explicitly: stated openly in the story.
-Implicitly: Are suggested through characters' actions, dialogue, and monologues they strive to resolve their problems Time Period Location What is a Character? Developed in Four Ways The people or animals personified in the story
Most important element
Usually one fully rounded character ( has all the characteristics of a real person) and 2-3 supporting characters Characters So how do I teach this? Guided Practice Activities Writing Workshop Assessing Narrative Writing The sequence of events involving characters in conflict situations.
Can be divided into a beginning, middle, and end.
Introduction of Characters
Describes the setting
Presents a Problem
Introduces the conflict
Obstacles/Roadblocks Plot development -Four Steps
A problem that introduces conflict is presented in the beginning of a story.
Characters face roadblocks as they attempt to solve the problem in the middle of the story.
The high point occurs when the problem is about to be solved; it separates the middle and the end.
The problem is solved and the roadblocks are overcome at the end of the story.
-The problem (from the beginning) determines the conflict.
- The high point comes when the solution to the problem hangs in the balance. -Backdrop Setting- barely there; "Once upon a time.."
-Integral Setting- the setting is integral to the story's effectiveness. Weather Time Appearance: What does the character look like?
Action: What a character does?
Dialogue: What characters say?
Monologue:What the characters are thinking? First Person Point of View-From the eyes of one character.
Omniscient Point of View: Godlike, all seeing and knowing.
Limited Omniscient- Overhears the thoughts of one character.
Objective View Point- In the making, readers are confined to the immediate scene. Imagery: Most commonly used, paint rich word pictures, that bring elements to life.
Metaphors and Similes:
Personification: to endow animals or objects with human qualities.
Hyperbole: to exaggerate or stretch the truth.
Symbols: One thing that represents something else. Retelling Stories
Class Collaboration Retelling
Retelling with Pictures
Comparing Versions of Stories
Changing the Viewpoint Teaching Minilessons
Preparing For Writing Tests Evaluating Students' Knowledge About the Genre-Reading student's writing (noticing whether it displays elements of story structure), having student's write letters to the teacher explaining their knowledge or a reflection, and through checklists.
Monitoring Students' Use of the Writing Process- Through observation of drafting and revising, having students note what modifications are made between the draft and the final publication.
Assessing Students' Use of the Writer's Craft
Reader's learn whether the characters' struggles are successful
The tension or opposition between forces in the plot
Entices the reader to keep on reading
Between the character and nature
Between the character and Society
Between the characters
Within the character Where the story takes place
Some locations are unique to the story, while others are in everyday settings that don't necessarily contribute to the story. Second Dimension
Much like location, can be crucial, other times the author may not even mention the weather.
Example: warm, sunny days Third Dimension
Involves both time of day and the passage of time within a story.
Some stories take place at a certain period of time ( less than a day, hours) The fourth dimension
Important to stories that are set in the past or in the future.