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The history of Mexico
Transcript of The history of Mexico
By David Castillo & Vansh Amin
The Aztecs farm many crops including corn,cultivated beans, squash and fruit trees. In addition to that they grew tomatoes, chili peppers, pumpkins, avocados, papayas, bananas, guava, oregano, vanilla, coriander, amaranth, sunflowers, or panic grass.
The time when Spain conquered Mexico and after shortly Mexico after they won their independence.
Spain colonizing Mexico
After conquering the Aztecs,Mayans and all the other Indian tribes the Spanish ruled Mexico. They got new resources,land, spread Christianity, and opened trade to get more money. Spain ruled Mexico for almost 300 years bringing there language and religion with them.There rule stopped when the mexicans rebeled against Spain and won their independence. Hernán Cortés was the person who conquered Mexico for Spain
The mexican independence war started when on the dawn September 16 1810 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla called all the native mexicans and made the call to arms to arrest all the native Spaniards who oppressed them for 10 generations. The resisting mexicans tried to persuade were not focusing on manpower to overcome Spain instead avoiding military confrontation. When Joseph Bonaparte replaced King Ferdinand as ruler of Spain the creoles looked at it as a an opportunity for revolution. The way they were trying to pursuade criollos to stop serving Gachupines (an unflattering term for Spaniards who got more power due to their Spanish birth got more power and legal rights then Mexican born criollos. The crillios who refused to join the uprising notified the spanish military about the plot.
The Aztecs settled near Mexico city by an uninhabited island in Lake Tetzcoco after two centuries of migration and warfare. They named their settlement Tenochtitlan
Mexican independence Continued.
The plot was leaked 3 months before the Criollos had planned. Hidalgo was one of the people targeted to be arrested on September 18, 1810. He was alerted by a person who overheard the plan. When he heard he made the decision to call on the indian and mestizo forces to fight. That decision turned the revolution from a quiet political struggle to a bloodbath. The revolutionary forces attacked Mexico city starting the war for Mexico's independence that finally ended eleven years later.
The ancient aztec religion was based solely around pleasing their gods and gaining rewards in return for this. The aztec people believed that in order to sustain the smooth running of the universe, they needed to offer human blood to the gods. They believed that the sun would not rise each day without the offering of blood. The main way in which they would do this was through an ancient ritual whereby the human sacrifice would be taken to the top of a temple and laid backwards over a stone by four priests. A fifth priest would then take a ceremonial knife, made of flint stone and slice open the abdomen of the sacrifice, through their exposed diaphragm. The priest would then grab the heart and tear it out of the body, still beating, and place it in a bowl held by a statue of the honoured god. The body would then be thrown down the temple stairs, landing at the base of the pyramid.
After the independence
The early settlers would take down some trees and build log rafts then cover them with seed to create more roots and look around to develop more solid lands to build homes in marshy lands.
After the war had finished Vicente Guerrero established himself as leader. He was later overthrown by Santa Anna who defeated Texas in the battle of Alamo in his last year in office but later was defeated in the Mexican American war. After the French's occupation of Mexico Porfírio Díaz served as president from 1876 to 1909. Even though he improved his country's infrastructure he was known as a dictator, ignored the poor and ruled using force. He only became leader because of a coup.
The revolution against Diaz
Even though Diaz helped his country to economic success the poor hated his rule that lasted for over 30 years. The poor people were not treated as well as people who were rich. On top of that the middle and lower class were taxed excessively had no political representation. Diaz was interviewed in 1908 by North American journalist, James Creelman. Later it was published in Pearson's magazine and said that Diaz said that he was ready to step down in 1910 and that Mexico is ready for a true democracy even though he said no such thing. Also a person named Francisco I. Madero wrote a book that criticized Diaz's control over Mexico and said for him to step down. Both the book and article were widely read through Mexico. Diaz threw Madero in jail and ran for president in 1910 again and won. The Mexican population took up arms against Diaz in 1910 and 1911. The battle of Ciudad Juárez finally ended the revolt against Diaz with a victory
French occupation of Mexico.
Napoleon the third used the pretext of collecting overdue loans from Mexico as an excuse to invade it. They also had some inside help from Mexicans who were tired of the constant revolutions against leadership of Mexico. They suffered early defeats but in June 1863 they managed to conquer Mexico City. After they conquered Mexico Archduke Fernando Maximilian was named emperor of Mexico in 1864. The revolution was lead by Benito Juárez in the north and by Porfirio Díaz in the south. Eventually Secretary of State William H. Seward arrived after the Civil war ended in America. The French then began removing their troops more from the financial drain than American disapproval. Some French troops remained behind but were mostly concentrated in Major cities. Diaz and Juárez continued to attack French troops until finally they left. Maximilian was captured, tried and sentenced to death. His wife was spared but went insane. Juárez served as president until his death in 1872 and was replaced by Diaz who ruled for 30 years.