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The Synectics Model

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Jessica Herring

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of The Synectics Model

The Synectics Model
The development of the Synectics Model is attributed to William J. J. Gordon, 1961
“ The basic tools of learning are analogies that serve as connectors between the new and the familiar…good teaching traditionally makes ingenious use of analogies and metaphors to help students visualize content.” (William J.J. Goodman)
Generating Ideas With Synectics
Referring
involves gathering information and defining the problem
Reflecting
involves using a variety of techniques to generate ideas
Reconstructing
involves synthesizing ideas to create a useful solution.
Generating Ideas With Synectics
(Further Discussion)
Referring
Define problem
Research contributing factors
Identify typical solutions
Reflecting
Seek comparisons and associations with other situations that might provide a non-typical solution
Comparisons are made through analogies
Reconstructing
Rationally evaluate ideas generated in the Reflecting Phase bringing them together to form practical and useful solutions
Three Types of Analogies:
Seeking Relationships
Direct Analogy
: comparison between two things
Example: Veins are like a plumbing system.

Personal Analogy:
the student becomes an element within the problem; the goal is empathy
Example: How would you feel if you were a tree attacked by acid rain?

Symbolic Analogy
: descriptions that appear to be contradictory, yet are actually creative insight
Example: When is silence deafening?

Steps of the Synectics Model
Describe the topic
Create direct analogies
Describe personal analogies
Identify compressed conflicts
Create new direct analogy
Re-examine the original topic
Evaluate

This model can be used in all grade levels and content areas. Gordon believed that creative invention was similar in all fields; thus, this system of analogies could be used in any class. However, this model works best as a means of exploring one, specific concept rather than a large body of information.
Today's Lesson:
Grade level/Course:

12th grade Intro to Teaching
Topic:
Teaching as a Profession

Source:
https://eltnotes.wordpress.com/2010/05/13/8-the-synectic-model-for-teaching-english/

https://goo.gl/SvU169
Full transcript