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Human Impact: A Survey of Human Stupidity AP Biology 2014

Credit for this goes to David Knuffke. I've just turned this into a useable template for others.

Matthew Landry

on 19 November 2016

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Transcript of Human Impact: A Survey of Human Stupidity AP Biology 2014

Human Impact: A Survey of Human Stupidity
How It Works
You are assigned one aspect of human impact to investigate and report on.

You will report on your investigations in the frame that has your aspect as a title.
What you can do:
Include all of the information/items required (really, you have to do that).
Change colors, font orientations, select from the three font options in the text window.
Insert any shapes, lines, arrows, etc., as necessary.
Move and resize any elements in your frame.
You must include:
A description of what the impact is, and its cause.
A description of multiple effects that come from the impact.
A description of at least two things that could be done to minimize the impact on the environment.
Pictures with hyperlink reference citations.
Embed a video clip about some aspect of the impact.
References to at least three sources where people can learn more about the impact (wikipedia is not acceptable--several of these are controversial topics).
What you can't do:
Resize your frame.
Change your frame type.
Alter the font colors, choices, etc., on a GLOBAL basis (stay out of the Colors & Fonts menu).
Provide/link to any low quality or inappropriate resource.
Things That Can Be Done
Cause: Humans disposing of their waste.
Description: A method of solid waste disposal in which trash is buried between layers of dirt to fill in. A landfill is a "bathtub" in the ground. A double-lined landfill is one "bathtub" inside another. There are four critical elements in a secure landfill: a bottom liner, a leachate collection system, a cover, and the natural hydrogeologic setting. The liner effectively creates a bathtub in the ground. If the bottom liner fails, wastes will migrate directly into the environment. A Leachate is water that gets badly contaminated by contacting wastes.

Things That Can Be Done
Things That Can Be Done
Things That Can Be Done
What is it?
Things That Can Be Done
Things That Can Be Done
Things That Can Be Done:
Fix the leaks
Build better wells- so they won't leak
Use infrared cameras to find leaks
Get better data- before drilling
More testing before drilling (preparation)

During the process, methane gas and toxic chemicals are released and contaminate the ground water. This can cause respiration, neurological and sensory damage. Only about 30% of the
fracking fluid is actually used, the rest is left in the ground and is NOT biodegradable. Up to 600 chemicals are used in the process; These include the toxins and carcinogens: lead, uranium, mercury, radium, methanol and formaldehyde
Things That Can Be Done
Ozone Depletion

Things That Can Be Done
By: Noey, Breanna, Jessica
Global Warming
Water Pollution
Carter, Brad, JJ

The process of drilling/injecting liquid into the ground at a fast rate in order to release natural gas trapped in shale rocks. The liquid extracted is used for gas and oil. These two liquids are in high demand in this day and age.
Chloe Erica Jeana

Ozone Depletion
Jake, Emily Aubrey
Strip Mining
Brianna Lewis and Aaron Reeder
More UV rays will reach Earth, which can cause:
skin cancer, cataracts, and weaken the human immune system.
Destruction of crops
Damage to marine life
Materials, such as, wood and plastic, can be degraded
Global Warming is caused by the
release of green house gases. One of the
ways these gases are released is through the
burning of fossil fuels. One of the gases that
contributes the most to global warming is
carbon dioxide. Other contributers include
methane, nitrous oxide, and deforestation.

Most People think of water pollution
as just being synthetic pollutants like
petroleum and pesticides. More than
that things like animal excrement and
nutrient rich runoff from rain water
can be considered pollutants.

Learn better ways to recycle, make compost out of food and yard scraps, donate unwanted clothes, toys and other household objects, reuse as much you can, stop junk mail
Replace regular light bulbs with

fluorescent light bulb
-- FL's
use 60% less energy than a regular bulb which
save 300lbs of carbon dioxide
a year.

Drive less
and make sure your car is
running efficiently. (
1 gallon of gas=20lbs
of carbon dioxide

half of your household waste can
save 2400lbs of carbon dioxide/year.
First used by the Chinese around 1000 B.C. to control bacteria and mold
Original forms were natural elements such as arsenic
Nicotine and natural insecticides harvested from plants began to be used to control pests
1600s - early 1900s
Strong advancements in synthetic chemistry during the 1930s in Germany
New organochlorine insecticides developed as potential warfare agents
Expanded use and development of herbicides for growth in food production
Pollute The Environment
Contaminates groundwater and aquifers
Contaminates soil
Produces Methane
Greenhouse gas 21 times more powerful than CO2
Decomposing organic materials produce the methane
Access roads are damaged by large vehicles
Scavengers are killed
Plastic Rings sometimes suffocate animals.
Especially, Odor

The ozone layer is depleting due to pollutions of chemicals containing bromine and chlorine. We lose 4% every year.
Chlorofluorocarbons (coolants and solvents)
Halons (fire extinguishers)
Methyl Chloroform (industry)
Carbon Tetrachloride (solvents)
Death of Aquatic species
Disruption of food chains

Limit private vehicle driving
Use ecofriendly house cleaning products
Avoid pesticides
Banning the use of dangerous nitrous-oxide
Reduced CFCs
Make a conscious effort to share information with others (friends at school and family members) on deforestation and its' effects.
Join organizations, forest-preservation societies and pressure groups that aim to help preserve the rest of our natural resources. When more people work together, the impact is greater.
Reduce the use of artificial items, recycle more and re-use items. Wood, paper, plastics and many other things we use everyday at home can be linked to natural resources being destroyed.
Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests.
Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down.
Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment.
Establish parks to protect rainforests and wildlife.
Support companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment.

Stripping off the surface to mine
cutting, clearing, and removal of rainforest or related ecosystems into less bio-diverse ecosystems
In the future, we need to wipe out the use of pesticides
Many substitutes that can be used are:
crop rotating - mix the areas around where you plant to reduce pests
mixing crops - mix the crops like every other row couple rows so the pests for one plant can't travel to the other as fast
fighting the pests with pests - integrate predator species to kill off the other ones. Has shown to increase crop by 79%
organic pesticides - make pesticides with known organic materials that ward off any pests
with future technology, make pesticides that don't run off that can be sprayed but stay with the plant to not get into water supplies or even the ground

Toxic substances intentionally used to kill living things such as: weeds (herbicides), insects (insecticides), fungus (fungicides), and rodents (rodenticides)
Used in agricultural fields, homes, roads, parks, schools, and forests.
Can cause cancer, reproductive harm, or endocrine disruption
Impact development of children's brains with extended exposure
Pollute water, soil, and air through different cycles
Harm beneficial species, weaken root systems, and change soil composition
Kill honey bees

The reason we strip mine is to retrieve rocks and minerals below the Earth's surface
Flora and fauna destruction
Surface and groundwater alteration
Toxic substances released to environment
Alters Landscape
Dust emissions
Air Pollution
cattle ranching
oil & gas extraction
stupid people
-Soil erosion destruction:
-Soils are exposed to sun’s heat
-Soil moisture is dried up, nutrients evaporate, and bacteria is affected
-eventually rain washes away the soil and erosion takes place
-soils never get their full potential back
Water Cycle:
-when transpiration is broken due to the loss of trees, the atmosphere and water bodies begin to dry out
-a large part of the water that circulates in the ecosystem remains in the plants
-Loss of biodiversity:
-many different species of plants and animals have been lost due to deforestation
-CO2 will remain in the atmosphere, less oxygen given off by plants
-destroyed vegetation will give off more CO2 as it decomposes

Global warming has been causing worldwide ice melting, resulting in an increase in the rate of rising sea levels. Global warming has also been altering the lifestyles of animals. Some animals are migrating, others are dying off, and some are experiencing population explosions. All of these changes are throwing off the natural order of the ecosystems.

Mining Reclamation
restore vegetation, soil, and water
Can reclaim a mine for wildlife
Every mine has to be reclaimed
DNR regulates reclaiming of mines

Pollution is the introduction
of harmful substances into
the environment. This can
be anything from sunscreen to
Air pollution is something introduced into the environment that is dirty, unclean, or has a harmful effect. Air pollution can even be defined as an addition to the ecosystem of something which has a detrimental effect on it.

Causes: Excessive burning of fuel which is a necessity of our daily lives for cooking, driving, and other industrial activities; releases a huge amount of chemical substances in the air.


Do not pour fat, medical supplies,
or house hold chemicals down the
chemical reactions that involve air pollutants create acidic compounds
causes harm to vegetation, buildings and plants
the sulfuric acid (air pollutant) combines with the water droplets so the water droplets become acidic forming acid rain
Ground-level ozone
chemical reactions that involve air pollutants create a posionous gas ozone
affect people's health, damage vegetation and animal life
Particulate Matter
air pollutants in the form of particulate matter can be very harmful to our health
level of effect depends on the length of time exposure
Long-term health effects
conserve energy/ use energy efficient appliances such as light bulbs
use environmentally friendly cleaning supplies
wash clothes in cold and warm water instead of hot
wait until dishwater or washing machine is full to do a load
Full transcript