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Nutrition: The Relationship among a Healthy Diet, Exercise, and the General Health of the Body

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Teika Clavell

on 14 March 2014

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Transcript of Nutrition: The Relationship among a Healthy Diet, Exercise, and the General Health of the Body

Nutrition Defined:
"The science of foods and the nutrients they contain, and of their actions within the body (including ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism, and excretion)"
What is Nutrition & Why it is Important?
“Food nourishes the body and gives us energy to get through each day. Healthy eating is fundamental to good health and is a key element in healthy human development, from the prenatal and early childhood years to later like stages. Healthy eating is equally important in reducing the risk of many chronic diseases”

What's it to You?
Average Caloric Intake of Middle School Students
"The food you eat can be either the safest and most powerful form of medicine or the slowest form of poison"

Boys 9- 13
Non-Active 1,600 to 2,000 calories
Moderately Active 1,800 to 2,200 calories
Active 2,000 to 2,600 calories
Girls 9-13
Non-Active 1,400 to 1,600 calories
Moderately Active 1,600 to 2,000 calories
Active 1,800 to 2,200 calories
"Having the amount and type of food recommended and following the tips will help:

1. Meet your needs for vitamins, minerals and other nutrients

2. Reduce your risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, certain types of cancer & osteoporosis

3. Contribute to your overall health and vitality"
Steps to Building a Healthy Eating Pattern
"Select an eating pattern that meets nutrient needs over time at an appropriate calorie level

Account for all foods & beverages consumed and assess how they fit within a total healthy eating pattern

Follow food safety recommendations when preparing & eating foods to reduce the risk of food borne illnesses"
(Brady-Rolfes, Hammond, Piche, & Whitney, 2013)
(Brady- Rolfes, Hammond, Piche & Whitney, 2013)
(Health Canada, 2013)
(Health Canada, 2013)
Dietary Restrictions for Individuals Over 50
Things to Know
Don't Skip Breakfast
Aim to eat at least five portions of a variety of fruits and vegetables a day.
At snack time, swap foods that are high in saturated fat or sugars for healthier choices.
Make sure you drink enough fluids.
Don't follow fad diets.
Food Choices
The importance of nutrition is becoming more evident in today's society. As countries continue to develop and grow, the amount of unhealthy "fast" food that individuals consume is also increasing. How many times do you eat fast food?
In the short term, poor nutrition can contribute to stress, tiredness and our capacity to work, and over time, it can contribute to the risk of developing some illnesses and other health problems such as:
being overweight or obese
tooth decay
high blood pressure
high cholesterol
heart disease and stroke
type-2 diabetes
some cancers
eating disorders.

-Ann Wigmore
(Brady- Rolfes, Hammond, Piche & Whitney, 2013)

(Health Canada, 2013)
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