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FA16(IA)_Stovall Ch. 4

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Nicole Cox

on 3 August 2016

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Transcript of FA16(IA)_Stovall Ch. 4

Stovall Ch. 4,
"Writing in the
Media Environment"
Four different types of script formats...
• 1.) Radio single-column format
• 2.) TV single-column format
• 3.) Two-column format
• 4.) Numbered format

When determining script type, ask yourself two basic questions...
Single-column format
Two-column format
Left side= video directions/ production instructions
Right side= audio and dialogue
Script must be complete enough to ensure that all crew members understand precisely what they are supposed to do and when they are supposed to do it.
Two column radio format= similar to those productions with a video component...

...all of the production information is on L.... dialogue and directions on R

Two-column script for radio is beneficial because it gives you more leeway to include production directions
Numbered sequences format
= often used for dramatic screenplays or for filmed dramas.
All scripts begin with a pitch, a summary or an outline and a treatment.
Script writing rules:
1.) All camera directions, scene descriptions, and stage directions are typed across each page, from margin to margin.
• 2.) All dialogue is typed within a column approximately 3 inches wide running down the center of the page. The name of the character who speaks is typed just above her/his line (or to the left of it, if using single column). Parenthetical notations as to how lines should be spoken are typed beneath the character’s name and a little to the left.

3.) Single spacing is used in all dialogue, camera directions, stage directions, and description of scenes.

4.) Double spacing is used between the speech of one character and the speech of another, between a speech and a camera or stage direction, and between one camera shot and another.

5.) When a method of scene transition (such as dissolve to) is indicated between two scenes, it is always set apart from both scenes by double spacing.


• 7.) Any word that describes one or more people should always be placed in caps, as should any key props, and words that describe sounds, such as THUMP, BOING, ZING, or WHOOSH...it is also appropriate to capitalize ACTIONS for special emphasis, such as “he CHARGES into the room."
Style Guidelines (not yet discussed):

Stovall, Ch. 4- Writing in the media environment
News Values:

1.) Impact
2.) Timeliness
3.) Prominence
4.) Proximity
5.) Bizarreness
6.) Conflict
7.) Currency
Types of News Sources:
* People= interviewing

* Observational= being an active observer to an event (not a participant)

* Stored documents= documents that can be retrieved for use
When using people as sources ...always identify yourself as a reporter
the conversation begins.
Six types of questions that can be asked:
Verification= making sure that the information you provide to audiences is correct….

Attribution= the chief means of achieving transparency…Attribution means that you tell audience members where the information in a news story came from.
Ethical Behavior
Dishonesty= Can take the form of falsification, plagiarism and misrepresentation....

Dishonesty—is considered the “deadliest sin” of the media professional.

Falsifying information= making up information that is not true or presenting information so that the audience draws the wrong conclusion about it....
....when we mislead our audience.

Plagiarism= using the ideas and words of others without giving appropriate credit or attribution...
Misrepresentation= when media professional appears to be something s/he is not…
...pertains to identifying oneself as a reporter (or writer), but also refers to not misrepresenting oneself for the relationship they have with source(s) or news stories….
This is when you "sell" your idea(s)! Have a minimum of three story ideas...

...You aren't expected to have all the details of every story worked out, but you should be able to tell the story complete with a beginning, a middle, and an end.
= a more detailed rundown of the prospective script; it gives information on the setting, plot and characters…may even include some dialogue.
= a short overview of the script, written in narrative form.
Media professionals are governed by a set of standards and demands. Central to these are four considerations (commonly referred to as "News Culture"):

* Need for accurate information
* Presenting information efficiently
* A commitment to integrity
* A commitment to accuracy

To achieve accuracy:

* Pat attention to the details
* Spell names correctly
* Quote sources direct
* Check it out
* Do the math
* Be skeptical

“Journalists should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.”
-- Code of Ethics, Society of Professional Journalists

Understand the difference between

Information contained herein provided (in whole or in part) by © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
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