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LESSON2 : Group Classification and Boundaries

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gracielaa lee

on 25 August 2015

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Transcript of LESSON2 : Group Classification and Boundaries

MODULE3: SOCIAL GROUPS & GROUP INTERACTIONS
FRIENDS
GROUP BOUNDARIES
Secondary groups are chracterized as follows:
LESSON2 :
Group Classification and
Boundaries
He developed the concept of
IN-GROUP & OUT-GROUP.
CONSEQUENCES OF GROUP BOUNDARIES
Basic characteristics of
primary groups
The closest approximation to an ideal primary group is FAMILY.
One of the basic reasons why an individual changes is that he/she starts to associate with a new group of people.
OVERVIEW:
Although groups take many forms, they encompass people who share common experiences, loyalties, and interest.
He believed that primary groups are an extremely important unit of social organization, a necessary part of social life.
change their job
move to a new place
FAMILY
First formulated the concept of primary groups.
personal and intimate relationship
Personal and intimate relationship
Face-to-face communication
Permanence duration
face-to-face communication
permanence duration
a strong sense of loyalty or "WE" feelings
small in size
informal structure
traditional or non-rational decision-making
Members of primary groups have common goals and standards. They have common spirit of cooperation and sympathy.
The members consider one another as ends in themselves and not as means to other ends.
In other words, relationships within primary groups are desired for their own sake and are unconditional.
Secondary groups are
formal, large and impersonal.

Secondary groups are
created for a clearly defined, limited purpose.

The principal purpose is to meet a specific need or fulfill a particular function.

The functions of the group dictate the types of relationships expected among its members.
large
impersonal, aloof relationship
indirect communication
temporary duration
rational desicion-making
formal structure
Impersonal
Indirect communication
An
in-group
is an esteemed social group commanding a member's loyalty. It is a group to
w/c a person belongs.
An
out-group
is a scorned social group to w/c one feels competition or opposition. It is a group to
w/c a person does not belong.
TYPES OF GROUPS BOUNDARIES
Group boundaries is may either be formal and clearly
defined, or informal and unclear.

Formal group boundaries are determined by predetermined criteria such as being accepted as a fraternity member or a Rotarian.

Informal group boundaries are determined by non-specific criateria in a school peer group.
Particular mode of dress
unnusual handshake
Members of a group tend to believe that their group is something special, and they seek to maintain its boundaries. By joining together w/ some people while simultaneously avoiding contract w/ others, people gain a clearer sense of their place in a world of diversity.
When an in-group has a greater social power than an out-group it opposes, serious personal and social problems may arise.
Conflict between an in-group and an out-group is an effective method of creating as well as maintaining group solidarity.
A strong sense of loyalty
small in size
informal structure
large
temporary duration
-END
Full transcript