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MIGRATION

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by

Ana Colina

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of MIGRATION

Migration
SOME IMAGES
WHAT IS MIGRATION?
THE ISSUE: MEXICO-USA BORDER
HOW DOES IT AFFECT TO THE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS?
DOES IT CONTINUE IN THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA?
HOW IS IT HANDLED?
CONCLUSION
Is the power of United States avoiding the intervention of other countries?

How will the issue of USA and Mexico going to be developed in the future?

Is the migration closely related with violation of human rights?

Does the migration affect in the same way to developed and undeveloped countries?

How would you handle the issue of migration?

QUESTIONS FOR THE DEBATE
It is the movement of people from one place to another
REASONS
Economic
Social
Political
Environmental
FACTORS

Pull
Push
There are two main migrations
Internal
International
Emigration vs Immigration
Temporal
Permanent
International
Internal
Voluntary
Forced
Emigration
: when someone leaves a country
Immigration
: when someone enters a country
Legal and illegal migration
TYPES
Yes, but... not a priority
Parts involved
USA
Hegemonic power
International community protect American interests
less education in Mexico
bigger difference
conditions of Mexico get worse
USA =hegemonic power
step on Mexican people
violation of human rights
earn money in US
send it to Mexico
loss for United States
countries against human rights violation
support Mexico
United States cut trade with those countries
Nowadays...
In a moment of crisis...
International community
Reaction
- 1994: start of the construction
- 2006: lengthening of the wall
influence of the media
Mexico
Less international influence
As the time passes...
United Nations
Principle of sovereignity
no intervention
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
american agents
use of violence
immigrants
latins
afroamericans
dead
injured
racism
It runs from Tijuana, Baja California, and Imperial Beach, California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. Length 3,145 km.

Approximately 350 million legal crossings are made annually.

the fence
There are an estimated half a million illegal entries into the United States each year.
Unemployment
Insecurity
Mexi
can
emigra
tion
causes
Mexicans try to cross the border risking their lives. 250 people die every year trying to cross the border
American volunteers groups are organized in order to face the Mexican immigration. Patrol groups can be found next to the border in order to stop and deliver to the competent authorities the illegals.
Extreme poverty
Cultural exchanges
Complexity of the issue.
Economic border.
Cultural border.
Difficult problem to solve, there has not been a solution yet.
SOLUTIONS CARRIED OUT
USA

Attempt to control the migrant flow of the
border.

Building of the wall. (1994)
Consequences: The main route of inmigrants crossing the border changed from villages and big cities to desertic and mountainous places.
Control the illegal residents on the US.
Meeting of both prime ministers on 2001.
The war on terror changed priorities on US government.
MEXICO
Problem seen as an exodus of talented people.
Trying to stimulate the work offer to reduce emigration.
If solutions haven´t worked, why is nobody thinking in ways to solve the problem?
Lack of international initiative.
Conflict involving the hegemonic power, US.
People continue to die in the border, the problem remains.
GLOBALIZATION

MIGRATION
Better communications.
Cultural conection among people of different countries.
CONSEQUENCES
Some people see immigrants with mistrust.
Solutions to stop it are not effective.
International community should make more efforts
Full transcript