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Transcript of Shang Dynasty
Skylar Laney The Shang Dynasty The Shang Dynasty Geography
Located in: central/Northern China in what is now called Tangshan.
Good Soil: Good for Farming
Yellow River Time Period The Shang Dynasty was from 1600 BC to about 1100 BC
Emerged as a civilization in about 1600 BC .
The Shang Dynasty was at their Peak during the ruling of King Wuding (at an unknown time period).
The Shang Dynasty, as a civilization, had lasted for about 500-590 years. -The serfs and slaves performed all economic functions of society
-Main income came from farming or the harvest of crops
-Many farmers also knew how to cultivate the silkworm and weave its tread into beautiful cloth which would be used for clothing
-Silk later became China’s main export
-The artisans formed another group of the economic structure
-Many artisans manufactured weapons, ritual vessels, jewelry, and other items of interest Beliefs Contributions The Shang Dynasty was a major contribution to China:
-They had used pottery that has lasted a long time and is still seen today.
-The Shang Dynasty had left us art, an improved writing system, and oracle bones Writing Slavery The second Chinese ancient slave society was a byproduct of the Shang Dynasty.
During this time, the slave system was very tyrannical and included such rituals as the Sacrifice System of Killing People, which were practiced in the middle period of the dynasty.
This practice eventually led to the fall of the Shang Dynasty. Rise and Fall -The Shang Dynasty was established in 1675 BC by King Tang after he toppled the tyrannical rule of Jie, the last emperor of the Xia Dynasty.
-Because of the slavery killings the Shang Dynasty saw its end. During the final period, the people could no longer bear such a fierce and cruel system and this, on top of the despotic rule of the Emperor Zhou's rule, caused uprisings to break out across the dynasty.
-The dynasty was finally overthrown by Emperor Wu, the chief of Zhou tribes living in the western part of the Shang Dynasty. GOLDEN AGE -Shang Dynasty had a Golden Age.
-One of the capitals was possibly at what is now Zhengzhou, where there are rich archaeological finds. The Arts/Architecture Their art played a role in Primitive art of China.
Oracle bones, bone, turtle shell, or cattle scapulae pieces, inscribed with Chinese characters
We can learn about their religion from their art. -The Shang Dynasty had worshipped their ancestors and had burial offerings.
-They believed that the highest god was Di or Shangdi who were especially responsible for natural powers.
-They were polytheistic and their religion and government were not combined.
-The Shang Dynasty had believed in life after death which can be proven from the tombs that they had created. -Used communication by writing
-Wrote on bamboo strips that are very thin. For this reason, the characters are written vertically rather than horizontally.
-Shang Dynasty’s writing was pictograph. We couldn’t be able to read it today. It developed on a writing system in China.
-Other civilizations did use their writing. - Located in central and northern China on what is now called Tangshan.
`-The Shang Dynasty had strong culture and beliefs in the time that they were around. They believed in many gods and spirits who were especially responsible for natural natural powers so the Shang Dynasty used their slaves as burial offerings.
-The Shang Dynasty had contributed to many civilizations, China, and the world.
-The Shang dynasty had used pottery, arts, oracle bones, and an improved writing system. BIBLIOGRAPHY Category. "Shang Dynasty of Ancient China." Ancient / Classical History - Ancient Greece & Rome & Classics Research Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/chinadynasties/p/032509ShangDynst.htm>.
•"Chinese History - Shang Dynasty Ã¥Â•Â† religion (www.chinaknowledge.de)." www.chinaknowledge.de. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Myth/shang-religion.html>.
•"Shang dynasty (Chinese history) -- Encyclopedia Britannica." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/538446/Shang-dynasty>.
"History Summary Video of Shang Dynasty glog.wmv - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2013. < THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Video Slavery Questions
How was slavery a part of this civilization?
Were the cities built by forced labor?
Was slavery based on race?
Was it permanent? Government Questions What type of ruler-ship did they have? How were they organized? What type of laws did they have? What were their courts like? Geography Questions -Where were they located?
-What is that place called today?
-What effect did the geographiuc setting have on the civilization that grew there?
-Were they geographically isolated from other civilizations? Time Period Questions When did they emerge as a civilization?
When were they at their peak?
How long were they around?
When did they fall? Government: During the Shang period the king appointed local governors, and there was an established class of nobles. The king made laws on things such as when crops will be planted etc. They did not have any known Judicial or court system. Beliefs questions What kind of religion or worship did they practice?
Were they plytheistic?
Was their religion and their goverment combined?
Did they believe in life after death? Economy Questions -What role did trade and commerce have in this civilization?
-What were their major products for trade? How did their geography affect their trade?
-Was their economy based on a division of social classes? Contributions Questions What were the major condtributions of this civilization to the world at their time?
Are their any lasting contributions still seen today?
What did they leave us? Writing Questions What form of communication did they use?
What type of writing did they have?
Was it pictographic?
Can we read it today?
Why did it develop?
Was it used by other Civilizations as well? Economy Art/Architecture Questions What role did the arts have on this civilization?
What were their main forms of art?
What was their architecture like?
What can we learn about them from their art?