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History of Baroque Brass Instruments
Transcript of History of Baroque Brass Instruments
By:Dallas Fisher Background of Brass Instruments The Trumpet Family Cornett Conclusion Brass Instruments we introduced in the Seventeenth Century to accompany vocal works, and to double vocal parts in vocal works.
In the 3rd quarter of the 17th century, major modifications were made by German brass makers, in the construction of both trumpets and sackbuts. Straight Trumpet/Natural Trumpet
The natural trumpet was used as a military instrument used to facilitate communication
Girolamo Fantini demonstrated that by playing in the extreme upper register and lipping the notes of the 11th and 13th harmonics, it was possible to play diatonic major and minor scales on a natural trumpet. The use of horns today are virtually the same as they were in the seventeenth century.
Straight Trumpets evolved into the modern day trumpet, as well as the sackbut into the modern day trombone.
Modern day music would be nothing without the creation and use of these instruments in the Baroque Era. The emerging baroque tonal desire for brighter, more assertive and individualistic-sounding instruments resulted in a redesign of the bell branches on brass instruments.
These trumpets and sackbuts have a much brighter, more ringing and brassy tone quality, which was a significant step in the evolution of our modern brass instruments. Niklas Eklund playing Sonata No 8 [detta del Nero] (1638) by Girolamo Fantini. Slide Trumpet Fitted much like the slide of a trombone
Is essentially a natural trumpet with a sliding lead pipe
“The English slide trumpet was invented by John Hyde an important trumpeter of London during this time. John Hyde had said this, ‘The plain trumpet being so imperfect, and so confined in its scale, I found it necessary to invent something to make it perfect’” (Brownlow). In Italy, Germany, France, Spain and Latin America the Cornett was widely used to double voices in cathedrals until well into the eighteenth century
Occasionally, small instrumental groups would ask composers to commission a piece for their ensemble Claudio Merulo (1533-1604) - Canzon 5 a 4Washington Cornett and Sackbutt Ensemble Sackbut The sackbut is a trombone from the Renaissance and Baroque eras
Similar to the trumpet, except characterized by a telescopic slide with which the player changes the length of the tube to change pitches, allowing them to obtain chromaticism, making it easy to double voices
The instrument designs changed very little overall, apart from a slight widening of the bell in classical era. Since the seventeenth century, sackbut bore sizes and bells have increased significantly Henry Purcell (1659~1695)
Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary Antonio Bertali - Sonata a 3 Serpent it is made of wood covered in leather
is a bass wind instrument played by means of a mouthpiece
Its mouthpiece is similar to present day brass instruments, close to that used for the trombone
Along the body of the serpent there are 6 key holes, the purpose of the holes is it determine the harmonics of the tones
Later extra key holes were added to the instrument for better intonation Tota Pulchra es
Bassano , Palestrina