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Water

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by

Maria Romero

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of Water

WE ARE...
YOU NEED TO KNOW WHAT IS HAPPENING ABOUT...
Water
Ryan Keenan
Maria Romero

Water Ownership
Agricultural Practices
Water Usage and Privatization
Today, at least 1.1 billion people do not have adequate access to clean drinking water, and 2.6 billion people lack proper sanitation.
Water privatization: Corporate vs. civic control
As scarcity increases, water’s value as an economic commodity rises—and multinational conglomerates are only too eager to profit from this deteriorating situation by buying up water rights on every continent.
How does it occurs?
First, there is the complete sell-off by governments of public water delivery and treatment systems to corporations, which run the operation as a business on a permanent basis. Like in Chile, England and New Zeland.
Second, the company does not take the risks; the public sector retains responsibility for investment and expansion. The water companies collect all the revenue for the water service and keep the surplus as a profit. Like in France.
Third, there is a more restricted model, in which a corporation is contracted by the government to manage water services for an administrative fee, but it is not able to take over the collection of revenues, let alone reap profits from surpluses.
Solutions..?
From the socio-economic and political point of view...

Use Water More Efficiently is the Key to Meeting Future Demands
We can encourage our political system to administrate our water supplies-processes for a better economic repercussions, and the benefits for the community.
Lower energy implications through regenerative technology, which will led us to the conservation of the environment and an enhanced treatment of the water
Corporations are (by their nature) more concerned with making money than serving people’s and communities’ best interests, water privatization has led to corruption, lack of corporate accountability, loss of local agency, weakened water quality standards, and steep rate hikes that eliminate poor people’s access to water.
Problems with water ownership
Loss of control
Rate increases
Higher operating costs
Service problems
Agriculture and Water
WORLD: 70%

US: 50 Trillion Gallons/Year

CA: 11 Million Gallons to 9.6 Million Acres


Evoptranspiration

Salinity Buildup

Soil Quality
Evapotranspiration:
80 - 90% Evaporation Loss

Salinity Buildup:
Inadequate Drainage and Leaching
Rising Water Table

Organic Quality:
1% Average Organic Content

Runoff and Pollution:

Chemicals
Fertilizers
Pesticides
Nitrates
Phosphorus
Herbicides
Insecticides
Fungicides
Aquifer Depletion

Freshwater Destruction
United States:
40% Water Supply

Pollution:
35% of Rivers and Streams
60% of Lakes
2/3 of Estuaries and Bays

Fracking:

Ogalla Aquifer:


Groundwater Recharge

Salt Water Intrusion
Los Angeles:
1/3 Water Supply

1950:
16 Mile Water Injection Well Barrier

1962:
Court Ordered Adjunction Sets Cap
Ground Water Recharge Projects

Today:
Montebello Forebay/Rio Hondo Basin
West Coast Basin
Chino Basin
Alamitos Basin
Domiguez Gap Basin
Orange County Basins
Aquaculture
Global:
50% Fish Supply by Aquaculture
89% Total Aqualculture by Asia

US:
91% Fish Supply: Imported

9% Fish Supply Within the US
-6% Fish Supply by Aquaculture


CASE STUDY: LYLE CENTER FOR REGENERATIVE STUDIES: AQUACULTURE PONDS
The Big Picture
.007% of Earth's Freshwater is Available to 7.2 Billion People

By 2025 1.8 Billion People will not have access to fresh water.

The US uses 148 Trillion Gallons of fresh water per year.

The US uses 190 Million Gallons of water on Agriculture.

80 - 90% of Agricultural water is wasted.

36 States are facing water shortages.

California has an estimated 20 years of fresh water left.
Pollution
More than 3.4 Million People Die per yer due to poor Water Sanitation.

99% of these deaths occur in developing countries.

780 Million People lack access to improved water sources.

300 Thousand deaths per year are caused by Diarrhea.

Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among children.

More than 50% of US Water Ways are Toxic.

1.5 Million metric tons of fertilizer and trash wash into the Mississippi.

5% of US Beaches are closed at any given time due to Pollution.
wodumedia.com
iraqenergy.org
Irrigation Scheduling

Tailwater Return Systems

Pressurized Irrigation

Subsurface Monitored Drip Systems

Reducing Evoptranspiration

Canal Lining and Improvements

Remote Monitoring from District Control Sites
Agriculture Conservation
What You Can Do...
Shorter Showers

Low-Flow Toilets

Turn off the Tap while Brushing

Run Dishwashers and Laundry when Full

Use left over Cooking water for Plants

Native Yard Landscaping

Eat Foods Requiring Less Water in Production

Buy In Season

Patronize Businesses with Conservation in Mind

Carry a Refillable Water Bottle
wordpress.com
dropbydrop.eu
Even though water is a renewable resource that can be managed sustainably and equitably, the global water supply is in fact rapidly declining due to misuse, pollution and for-profit privatization gambits.
Water ownership is the private possession of water-related infrastructure
They started improperly extracting an extra 1.5 million liters of water a day from limited reserves.
Coca Cola case
In reaction, the residents began an action group to close the plant down, and when the factory was officially locked, masses of other movements started all over the country, in order to protect their local water supplies
This affected not just the farmers, who could not have enough water to irrigate their crops while Coca-Cola was producing waste, but also residents who were forced to walk for miles simply to get clean drinking water.
Thank you very much for your attention!
Full transcript