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Poetry: Rhythm and Meter

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Cara Horner

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Poetry: Rhythm and Meter

Poetry: Rhythm and Meter 8 Literature Mrs. Horner Understanding meter Scansion: When scanning a poem... Scan the lines below: "A Bird Came Down the Walk" Number of feet in a line Basic kinds of feet Feet, in whole words and phrases Meter In every word of more than one syllable, one or more syllables are accented, or stressed. Similarly, when words are arranged in sentences, we give certain words or syllables more emphasis. He WENT to the STORE.
ANN is DRIving her CAR. We emphasize certain parts of the word over other parts. When verse is metrical, the accents of language are arranged in a pattern. Iamb: Two syllables, first unstressed, second stressed ("goodbye").

Trochee: Two syllables, the first is stressed, the second unstressed ("awful").

Anapest: Three syllables, two unstressed, third stressed ("Halloween").

Dactyl: One stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables ("wonderful").

Spondee: Two syllables, both stressed (like "big deal"). The "u" shape indicates an unstressed syllable; the stress mark indicates a stressed syllable. Two kinds of examples are given to indicate that not every individual word is a whole foot. Also, divisions between feet don't always fall between words. In metrical verse, a line is measured by naming the number of feet in them. You're looking for two things: Emily Dickinson "I don't believe you."
interVENE We say... In a dictionary, these stressed syllables are indicated by stress marks: in'-ter-vene'' This is the normal process of language. The difference between prose and poetry is that in prose, stressed syllables appear more or less haphazardly; in verse, the poet may arrange the stressed syllables to occur at regular intervals. "I don't believe you." "I don't believe you." "I don't believe you." The main difference between free verse and metrical verse is the presence of meter. Studying meter is extremely complex. It is not an absolute requirement to the enjoyment of poetry. But understanding how it works at a basic level is valuable; it can help you see how a poem should be read. Meter comes from the word "measure." To measure something, you need a unit of measurement. For verse, the basic unit is a FOOT, which normally consists of one stressed syllable plus one or two unstressed syllables. One last type of foot: a gorilla's. Monometer: one foot
Dimeter: two feet
Trimeter: three feet
Tetrameter: four feet
Pentameter: five feet
Hexameter: six feet
the action of scanning a line of verse to determine its rhythm. Meter: a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. A) Type of foot?
B) How many feet? "If music be the food of love, play on." -Shakespeare, "Twelfth Night" What type of foot?
How many are there?
So we call this: A Bird came down the Walk—
He did not know I saw—
He bit an Angleworm in halves
And ate the fellow, raw,

And then he drank a Dew
From a convenient Grass—
And then hopped sidewise to the Wall
To let a Beetle pass—

He glanced with rapid eyes
That hurried all around—
They looked like frightened Beads,
I thought— He stirred his Velvet Head

Like one in danger, Cautious,
I offered him a Crumb
And he unrolled his feathers
And rowed him softer home—

Than Oars divide the Ocean,
Too silver for a seam—
Or Butterflies, off Banks of Noon
Leap, plashless as they swim. "Double, double, toil and trouble;
Fire burn and cauldron bubble." "Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house" -Shakespeare, "Macbeth" -Anonymous, "A Visit from St. Nicholas" "This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks" -Longfellow, "Evangeline"
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