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Human Exceptionality: Low Vision and Blindness
Transcript of Human Exceptionality: Low Vision and Blindness
Class: Human Exceptionality
Due: October 22, 2012 *Low Vision and Blindness* *Introduction... *Meriam-Webster's dictionary defines blindness as "being sightless; having less than 1/10 of normal vision. Little do people know, that one does not have to be completely lacking in sight to be considered blind legally. In fact, according to the World Health organization, as of 2012, 285 million people are visually impaired world wide; 39 million are fully blind and 246 million have low vision. Being that so much of the world is affected by this impairment, it's important to ask ourselves, "How can we learn more?" *Organization Reviews *Facility: The Royal National Institute of Blind people
•Facility name: Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) *Organization History *History: The RNIB was founded on October 16, 1868
by Dr. Thomas Rhodes Armitage, who was partially sighted.
The original name of the organization was as the British and Foreign Blind Association for Improving the Embossed Literature of the Blind. The first meeting was held at 33 Cambridge Square, London, where a Committee was set up including Dr. Armitage (partially sighted), Mr. Daniel Conolly (blind), Mr. W.W. Fenn (blind), and Dr. James Gale (blind). Overview of Organization Q: How does a person become eligible or qualify? *Address: RNIB Headquarters 105 Judd Street London, WC1H 9NE *Website: http://www.rnib.org.uk/Pages/Home.aspx *Mission Statement: “To provide a strategic, ethical and service driven approach to procurement that provides RNIB with value for money goods and services that are of high quality and enable the organization to achieve its strategy.” Dr. Armitage 1824-1890 A: There are not many qualifications in obtaining the help of the RNIB. Any person who is blind or has a visual impairment can receive help from the organization Q: What age group does the RNIB serve? A: The RNIB serves a wide age group; people of all ages from children to adults. Q: What type of disabilities are included? A: The RNIB works to help to help those who are blind or partially sighted. Q: How many people does the RNIB serve? A: The RNIB serves almost 2 million people with vision impairments. Q: How does the RNIB receive funding? A: The RNIB is a charity organization, so funding is received in the form of fund raising by employees and donations. Organization Overview (Continued...) Q: What services are provided by the RNIB? A: The RNIB provides the following services:
*Campaigning to ensure proven treatments for sight-threatening conditions are available on the NHS.
*Offering emotional and practical support, products to make life easier and advice about money, eye health and local services.
*Improving educational opportunities for blind and partially sighted children and adults, including those with complex needs.
*Enabling people with sight loss to retain and gain jobs.
Working with transport operators, retailers and banks to enable more people with sight loss to travel, shop and run their own finances.
*Influencing partners across the world to make computers, television, mobile phones and satellite navigation systems easier. Q: How does the facility measure success? A: The RNIB measures success in how many people they can help with vision impairment. They are one of the largest organizations for blindness in the UK. Q: What type of assistive technology is available or do they use adaptive equipment? A: The RNIB in 1935 was the first to offer talking books to the blind and vision impaired. Now years later, the RNIB continues to offer these new and improved talking books for sale and for rental to its members. *Movie Topic: "Ray" Q: What was the location and time period of the movie? A: Albany, Georgia during the 1930-1970 Q: What is the name and description/definition of the disability portrayed? A: Blindness- Legally blind indicates that a person has less than 20/200 vision in the better eye or a very limited field of vision (20 degrees at its widest point); Totally blind people cannot see at all. This makes it impossible to view a computer monitor and renders the computer inaccessible without adaptive assistance and non-visual media. Q: How does the disability limit the character? A: It does not; he follows his dreams and becomes a very successful jazz and blues singer/musician. Movie Topic: "Ray" (Continued ) Q: What was the contribution and/or talent of the character? A: Ray was a famous jazz and blues singer and piano player Q: Was there unfair or prejudicial treatment? A: No people treated Ray like he was any other person and he made sure of that. Q: What supports were available? A: Ray went to a school for the deaf and blind in Florida. *Movie Topic: "Ray" (Continued) Q: What supports could have been provided that were not portrayed in the movie to maximize potential? A: In the movie, Ray could have used some sort of assistive cane or seeing eye dog. Q: How does the character adjust to the disability? A: At first in the movie he struggles with his disability but he eventually learns how to use his hearing to help himself get through life and more importantly master how to play the piano. Q: How does the character socially interact with family, friends and community? A: He acts like a regular person he demands for people to treat he like that they would treat anyone else and they do. Q: How does the film relate to IDEA, 504 and/or ADA? A: Because the film is about the life of Ray Charles and in those days there was not as many sources as there are now; the film does not relate to any of those sources. *Interview *Interviews: Dejonet Hughey and Hillary Lovenduski
*Interviewee: Kevin Smylie *Interview* The person our group interviewed for our project was Mr. Kevin Smiley.
Kevin is 23 years old and is now in his second year of college to become a chief.
During our interview we discovered that Kevin was diagnosed with being hard of
hearing and having a learning disability (dyslexia). Kevin said that when he was 6
years old his mother and teacher realized that he wasn’t developed like the other
children in his. They found that when they called his name he would not respond.
Because Kevin was hard of hearing he could not pronounce his vowels correctly
and this lead to him being left back in elementary school. Kevin and his family did
not let this obstacle bring them down. They encouraged him and gave him the
support he needed to get through the hard times. He says that during his years in
school he was provided with an Aid that went with him to his different classes to
help him while he was in class with the other students. He stated that he was also
provided with extra time on assignments because of his difficulty understanding
the material. *Interview (Continued) *Interview: When asked what he would say to a person in his shoes or to the
parents of a child in the same position, he replied that he would tell them to never give up and to follow their dream, but most importantly to never use their disability as an excuse not to do something; and to the parents to never let your child put themselves down, and to keep encouraging them and pushing them to finish what they started. Kevin says that because he is now in college, “the support services are not willing to help as much, and I found out that they are not supporting me with all the services in class like having a note taker, a recorder, or more time on test and quizzes.” Even though Kevin has been through many rough times he says he would not trade in his life for all the money in the world because if he did he would not be the person he is today. *Reflection *The RNIB is an outstanding organization for the blind and is very committed to helping those who are visually impaired. They are one of the largest charities for the blind and visually impaired, helping over 2 million people, and they offer a variety of help to those they serve. They were the first to offer talking books to those with visual disabilities and continue to develop and offer new technologies to better help the blind. Also, I it's truly great that they help people of all ages. However, one thing that could be improved is the lack of information on their communication with the parents of blind children, or any work with other organizations. *In Conclusion... *Blindness is more common than we think it is. While it may be different than what many of us are used to, it is important to make an effort to understand the culture and to treat those who are blind like you would any one else. It is also important to make society visually-handicapped friendly and to be sure to accept people with this disability fully into society.. THE END!!!!! *THANK YOU FOR READING OUR PRESENTATION* We hope you have learned much about those with blindness and visual impairment.