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Human settlements: cities
Transcript of Human settlements: cities
A settlement describes a territory occupied by people
In general, there are two basic types:
Forms of rural settlement
Urban settlements are typically found in areas where there is industry and service.
Normally towns or cities.
Cities have high density of population and a large number of inhabitants.
Forms of urban settlement
recognisable by the size and the distribution of the settlements in the area.
This is the type of settlement characteristic of agricultural communities, forest and mountain areas.
made of straw
Farmhouse with outbuildings
the roof made of straw
the walls built of wood
The shape, size and building materials of these houses are very different, depending on the physical environmental and local traditions.
Dispersed settlements: the buildings are dispersed among the fields, farming land and woods
made of steel
mall center (shopping center)
They are the result of the growth of a big city or metropolis that increased in size to absorb surrounding small towns and villages.
They are the result of more than one city of similar size merging together.
They are created when a very large territory is urbanised due to the growth of individual towns.
It is a large territory that includes metropolises and conurbations. The result is a chain of metropolitan areas that can be extend beyond the limits of a region.
Urban layout types
A city may be represented graphically on a map or street plan where the
are drawn to a given
. Looking at city maps we can get an idea of the
of a city and the way it has developed and grown historically.
The grid layout is composed of
which cross each other at
. It is form by
streets. It is characteristic of new cities the Greek, Roman or Medieval ages, colonial cities in America an areas of
In an irregular layout, the streets are
, arranged without previous planning around a central
. The squares do not have clearly-defined forms.
It is frequent in many ancient and medieval cities.
A radial urban layout consist of a
from it, and cross streets forming
around the centre.
It is typical of cities located on hill o by curves in rives and coasts.
The main sectors