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The Skeletal System AQA GCSE PE

Functions and bones names

Olie Wright

on 24 February 2015

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Transcript of The Skeletal System AQA GCSE PE

The Skeletal System
Task 1 :
Using the sheet provided,
1st Attempt
part. Add as many names to the list as you can
(try and complete this on your own)
What do I know already?
Round 1
Observation Round!
You will watch a short video. You will be asked a series of questions so make sure you have everything you need (paper pen etc)
So what are the Bones we need to know?

The shoulder
Lets go from head to toe!
The Cranium
- The Skull protector of the brain
for Collarbone
- The breastbone
- Protector of the Heart and Lungs
Question Time!
are you ready?
bone in the upper arm
- Thickest of the 2 bones in the forearm
- The thinner of the 2 bones in the forearm. Radius is also
half the width
of a circle
The Pelvis
- The hip.
Elvis Pelvis
Hippy Shake!
The Femur
- The Thigh bone
The longest single bone in the body!
The Patella
- This is your knee cap
- The shin bone and the thicker of the 2 lower leg bones.

- The thinner of the 2 lower leg bones
Learning Objectives -

To be able to state the 4 functions of the Skeleton

To be able to list the major bones in the body

Some might be able to explain using examples the 4 different types of bones
The Vertebrae

The spine or backbone
- These are the ankle bones similar to the Wrist but in the foot!
T for Toes
- are the bones in the lower foot
- Yes that's right, Toes have the same name as the fingers!
Round 2 is coming soon!
You will now have a few minutes to look over your new bone names.

The next task will require you to know where the bones are so get testing each other!!

Here is a quick video that might help you with remembering the bones!
Round 3

You need to send a volunteer forward from your team

The volunteers will have a label with a bone name stuck on their head! They will ask your team questions to discover which bone they are.

You can only answer with yes or no!

They can only guess the bone name once if they get it wrong it will go on offer!

I will quickly demonstrate with Miss Wiscombe!
Why did I choose this game?
Why do we have a skeleton?
Red and white blood cells are made in red bone marrow which is found at the ends of the femur and humerus and in the ribs, sternum, pelvis and vertebrae.
Femur: Located in the upper part of the leg.
Humerus: Located in the upper part of the arm.
Blood Cell Production
Red Bone Marrow
The hard nature of bone means that the skeleton can protect the more delicate parts of the body.

The cranium (skull) protects the soft tissue of the brain.
The rib cage protects the delicate heart and lungs.
The skeleton is jointed to allow us to move when the muscles attached to them contract.

The bones and joints work with muscles to enable us to walk, jog and sprint.
The vertebrae allow us to bend, stretch and rotate our body.
Without the skeleton, the body would be flabby and shapeless.

The bones of the legs support the body.

The vertebrae support the head.
So have we learned anything?

Turn to the
2nd attempt
skeleton page to see if you have now improved?!
We now need to be able to classify the bones into 4 categories
Long Bones
– These are long and affect our overall height, e.g. the legs & arms (femur & humerus).
Short Bones
– These are smaller and are often found with many others, e.g. the feet & hands (phalanges).
Flat Bones
– These are flat and are often found forming a protective surface, e.g. the skull (cranium) and pelvis.
Irregular Bones
– These are irregular in shape and have a specific function, e.g. the bones of the spine (vertebral column).
Each type has a different size and shape because they have different jobs to do:
Full transcript