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Infectious Disease : Ebola
Transcript of Infectious Disease : Ebola
By: D'Mauree Robinson
How is the disease transmitted?
Number of cases annually
What are the disabilities that can occur if a person contracts Ebola?
If you have contracted Ebola you may feel feverish, experience severe headaches or muscle pain. You also may become fatigued and may have diarrhea. The list also goes on to stomach pains and vomiting.
Is there a vaccine?
Immunization requires knowledge of the immune response of the infection. When that knowledge is obtained, researchers will choose a specific component that will create an immune response that will protect the host following future exposure to the real pathogen. Due to the difficulty to acquire that knowledge, a vaccine has ot yet been created.
Disease: Continent(s) where it is found:
The first Ebola outbreak occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa has involved major urban as well as rural areas.
As of December 2008, there are about 1,850 reported cases of the Ebola virus in humans since its discovery in Sudan and Zaire in 1976. This is according to the World Health Organization Fact Sheet on Ebola.
Number of deaths annually
Of the 1,850 reported cases of Ebola, 1,200 deaths have been reported.
The Ebola virus is spread through close personal contact with a person who is infected with Ebola. Ebola can also be transmitted through blood and bodily fluids.
How can the disease be prevented?
- Avoid areas of known outbreaks. Before traveling to Africa, find out about current epidemics by checking the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
- Wash your hands frequently. As with other infectious diseases, one of the most important preventive measures is frequent hand-washing.
- Avoid bush meat. In developing countries, avoid buying or eating the wild animals, including nonhuman primates, sold in local markets.
- Avoid contact with infected people. In particular, caregivers should avoid contact with the person's body fluids and tissues, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva. People with Ebola are most contagious in the later stages of the disease.
- Follow infection-control procedures. If you're a health care worker, wear protective clothing, such as gloves, masks, gowns and eye shields. Keep infected people isolated from others. Dispose of needles and sterilize other instruments.
There is no cure for Ebola that can kill the virus. However, research scientists are working on a new vaccine that may prevent infection, or at least hemorrhagic fever. When symptoms of Ebola do begin, healthcare providers can only offer supportive care while the body fights the infection.
Describe the roadblocks to immunizing people.
Symptoms of Ebola
Symptoms of Ebola
-Abdominal (stomach) pain
-Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
What kind of treatment are there for Ebola?
No FDA-approved vaccine or medicine (e.g., antiviral drug) is available for Ebola.
Explain how Ebola is or is not a threat to your community.
Ebola can be a threat because it is contagious. Ebola is also very harmful. Anything harmful that can be spread to other people is considered dangerous.