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Copy of Copy of STRESS

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joan wall

on 28 July 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of STRESS

COPING
Notice that the potentially stressful event is seen through one’s
subjective cognitive appraisal
or one’s personal perception of threat.
familiarity with the event,
perceived control,
predictability,
one’s personality, etc.

When working properly, can help you
stay focused, alert and in emergency situations, can help save your life.
BODY
BODY
Symptoms
Symptoms
Responding to Stress
CAUSES
DISEASE
Symptoms of Stress
Cognitive Symptoms:
Memory problems
Inability to concentrate
Poor judgement
Seeing negative
Anxious thoughts
Constant worrying
Emotional Symptoms:
Moody
Short temper
Agitated
Overwhelmed
Sense of isolation
Depressed

Behavioral Symptoms:
Eating more/less
Alcohol/drug use to relax
Sleeping too much
Sleeping too little
Procrastination
Nervous habits
Physical:

Behavioral:

Cognitive:
COPING
The 4 A's to Cope with Stress
Change stressful situations when you can, change your reaction when you can't, take care of yourself and make time for rest and relaxation.
Avoid
Alter
http://theasideblog.blogspot.ca/2013/04/stressed-out-students-rethinking-pace.html
Managing Stress
Addressing the source of stress, realize a majority of stress comes from within us.
Internal stressor; comes from our own negative response, need to change attitude and outlook.
External stressor; our surroundings, such as family problems or career set backs. Can be managed overtime and requires support from friends and family.

Obtain Relaxation Skills
Maintain a healthy lifestyle
Set realistic goals
Nurture yourself
Keep dreaming (visualization)
Talk about troubles
Medication (Rescue Remedy)
COPING
CAUSES
Emotional:

Responses include:
- Health problems
- Relationship
problems
- Stress of family
- Extreme life changes
Adapt
- Emotional battles
Accept
- Beliefs and Values Trouble
Causes of Stress:
CAUSES
Personal Issues
Causes of Stress:
Social & Work Place Issues
- Employment / Unemployment
- Living conditions
- Social conflict
Stress
Affecting Students
How the Body Reacts to Stress
How to Cope with Stress
Hormones
Sympathetic Nervous
System in Action
Nibble on Chocolate
Eating dark chocolate can help reduce levels of hormones associated with stress, especially for those with high anxiety.
Go easy, though: eating too much can pack on the pounds and that can lead to more stress.
Coconut Scent
The scent of coconut may blunt your natural “fight or flight” response, slowing your heart rate.
Inhaling a pleasant scent enhances alertness while soothing our response to stress.
Help Yourself :)
Exercise
Sniff an Apple
May help alleviate headaches, according to preliminary research.
In one small study, people with chronic migraines reported some pain relief after inhaling green-apple fragrance at the start of a headache.
Close your eyes and breath...

-
Cortisol
is an important hormone to the body, is secreted (used) when the body is under stress and is released by adrenal glands.

- Found in blood in stressful situations, however this is not the only use of cortisol. It is also a part of the flight or fight response.

- Small doses of cortisol provide positive results:
1.increased immunity 2. heightened memory
3. maintain homeostasis 4. survival purpose

- However in great doses, this can have negative impacts.
Stress alters immune system function, influences susceptibility and increases the severity of mental and physical diseases.
Hormones
Hormones Affected by Stress
Cortisol
Exercise
Coping
Coping
Coping

Focusing more on the movements of your body through exercise can help keep your mind away from other stressors that may be affecting your mood.
References
Mayo Clinic Staff (1998) Depression and Anxiety: Exercise eases symptoms. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/in depth/depression-and exercise/art 20046495 [Last Accessed 14/01/2014]
Melinda Smith, Robert Segal, Jeanne Segal. Stress Symptoms, Signs, and Causes. [ONLINE] Available at http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_signs.htm [Last Accessed 11/01/2014]
National Health Ministries (2004). Stress & The College Student. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.uic.edu/depts/wellctr/docs/Stress. [Last Accessed 14/01/2014]
Stress Management Health Center. [ONLINE] Available at; http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/stress-symptoms-effects_of-stress-on-the-body [Last Accessed 12/01/2014].
Homeostasis
Flight or Fight
Perceived
Threat
x
Return to Homeostasis
Chronic Stress
Exhaustion
The body always tries to maintain a state of balance (homeostasis) so when stress pushes the hormones out of balance it can affect other hormones in the endocrine chain. This might include:

Thyroid function being suppressed
Insulin being over produced
Ovarian function being suppressed
Production of estrogen and progesterone inhibited
And many other key hormones being affected
Any type of physical activity helps in the production of your brain's "feel good" neurotransmitters, called endorphins.
What causes
you stress?
The Inverted-U-hypothesis

General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) - Selye’s term for common effects on body when stressors persist


GAS consists of:
alarm
resistance
exhaustion

General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm Stage
Body’s resources are mobilized to prepare organism to deal with threat

Resistance Stage
Body adapts to the continued presence of the stressor

Exhaustion Stage
If the threat and the body’s response continues, possible irreversible damage to the body, or even death, may occur

General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm Stage
Body’s resources are mobilized to prepare organism to deal with threat

Resistance Stage
Body adapts to the continued presence of the stressor

Exhaustion Stage
If the threat and the body’s response continues, possible irreversible damage to the body, or even death, may occur

General Adaptation Syndrome

General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) - Selye’s term for common effects on body when stressors persist


GAS consists of:
alarm
resistance
exhaustion

General Adaptation Syndrome

Figure 4.1 Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm Stage
Body’s resources are mobilized to prepare organism to deal with threat

Resistance Stage
Body adapts to the continued presence of the stressor

Exhaustion Stage
If the threat and the body’s response continues, possible irreversible damage to the body, or even death, may occur

General Adaptation Syndrome

Figure 4.1 Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome

Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm Stage
Body’s resources are mobilized to prepare
organism to deal with threat

Resistance Stage
Body adapts to the continued presence of the stressor

Exhaustion Stage
If the threat and the body’s response continues, possible irreversible damage to the body, or even death, may occur

General Adaptation Syndrome

Two main pathways are involved in the body’s response to stressors:
neuroendocrine-immune pathway
sympathetic nervous system pathway

Pathways in Body’s Response to Stressors

Figure 4.2 Two Biological
Pathways in Stress

Physical Symptoms:
Heart
Diabetes
Cancer
Ulcers
Common Cold
Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
Addictions
Defense Mechanisms


Psychosomatic Diseases
Full transcript