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The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Transcript of The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Born in Devon, England
His father was a clergyman and Coleridge was expected to follow suit, so he received a thorough religious education
Friends with William Wordsworth
Suffered anxiety and depression - speculated to have been bipolar disorder
Addicted to opium Summary 5 Stanzas
"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" Literary Life he wrote prose, poetry, drama, and periodicals
used a natural style in his writing - called "conversation poems"
one of the most influential Shakespeare critics
wrote "Lyrical Ballads" with William Wordsworth He holds him with his glittering eye -
The Wedding-Guest stood still,
And listens like a three years’ child:
The Mariner hath his will.
Rhyme has been used historically to make written and spoken words more pleasant, and memorable, and the technique achieves these purposes in Rime of the Ancient Mariner. RHYME The work is a poem, not a story in prose. Poetry involves use of regular patterns of stressed and unstressed (accented and unaccented) syllables.
The poem mostly alternates between 8 and 6 syllable lines mostly in 4 or 6-line stanzas.
There are exceptions. Some stanzas are 5 or even 9 lines. Some lines have more syllables. But the poem is long, and the mariner is old.
The variety makes the poem more interesting. Rhythm/Meter/Sound The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,
The furrow followed free;
We were the first that ever burst
Into that silent sea. This means repeating the same sounds in several words, especially the words’ first letter. Alliteration is another technique to make lines memorable. Alliteration Alliteration of “f” and “l” “r” and “s” sounds: The effect of the alliterations is heightened by use at the same time of end and internal rhymes (blew – flew; first – burst; free – sea). Below the kirk, below the hill,
Below the lighthouse top.
The ice was here, the ice was there,
The ice was all around. Themes How Susanna Kearsly is a Romantic Author Repetition And I had done a hellish thing,
And it would work ‘em woe:
For all averred, I had killed the bird
That made the breeze to blow.
Ah wretch! said they, the bird to slay,
That made the breeze to blow! The poet uses repetition for emphasis. Another form of repetition, called anaphora is used in the Rime to convey a sense of vastness or ongoing monotony. The mariner’s central act is killing an albatross. The mariner uses repetition in retelling this incident: Day after day, day after day,
We stuck, nor breath nor motion;
As idle as a painted ship
Upon a painted ocean Water, water, everywhere
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, everywhere,
Nor any drop to drink. ANAPHORA Anaphora is repeating an expression at the start of two or more sentences, or lines, as in the “below the kirk” stanza quoted above, as well as the following passage. Why is this like Romanticism?
-It is about a woman, Eva, who is from Los Angeles and has a high stress job. Her sister dies and she goes back to Cornwall in England to spread her sister’s ashes. Cornwall is a very sleepy town and she is staying at the Trelowarth House which is surrounded by woods and nature. As she grieving she begins to think she is going crazy because she keeps seeing these “hallucinations”. One day she is out in the woods and finds herself transported back in time to the 1700’s. She finds herself while in this simpler time and finds that she is out of place in the rush and bustle of modern life.
This is romantic because the main character Eva, finds herself away from the city and society and back in a more pure natural state. It is also romantic because it is about time travel and dives into the imagination and wonder that is found in the romantic period. How she is able to go through time is a mystery and gives the novel a dreamy imaginative feel much like the romantic poems and stories. By: Kristen Cotter, Val Skerkavich, Alyson Christman, and Michelle Cohen Samuel Taylor Coleridge Anaphora is used to convey vastness of surroundings, in one of the poem’s most famous lines: Alliteration is heightened by use of repetition. More Literary Techniques Repetition
Age Contrasted With Youth
Individuals Contrasted With Groups
Rising and Setting Sun
Cold and Heat ANSWER THAT DAMN QUESTION What are some of the literary techniques used in this poem?
What was Coleridge addicted to?
Who was one of Coleridge's friends?
What is Samuel's middle name?
What did Coleridge suffer from?
What kinds of things did Coleridge write in his lifetime?
How is Susanna Kearsley a romantic? Sin and Forgiveness Isolation and suffering The supernatural and transformation -The sin the mariner commits is killing the innocent Albatross and he refuses to repent because the sailors died so violently and the mariner is questioning God and if wrath.
-As the poem continues he eventually repents and finally escapes the Arctic with the help of Angels and the nicer more benevolent side of God is shown -The Mariner is completely isolated, he travels alone telling people like the wedding guest his tale.
He suffers because few will listen to what he has to say, and when he is done telling them he leaves
-He suffers tremendously in his tale as well because he killed the Albatross. His punishment was to suffer dehydration, isolation, and the inablity to die. - -Many supernatural events occur during the Mariners tale. He is haunted by a spirit 9 fathoms below the ship and the dead bodies on the ship are reanimated with the spirits of angels to let the ship sail.
-The transformation that takes place is that the Mariner goes from a social person to a traveling hermit. He is also changed into a God fearing man who has experienced both God's wrath and mercy. The poem begins with a group of wedding guests who are stopped by an old Mariner - only one of them stays
The Mariner tells the man his story
The Mariner's ship had been in dangerous weather, but an Albatross (a symbol of good luck to the sailors) appeared and propelled the ship to calmer waters The Mariner looks pained as he tell the Wedding-Guest that he killed the bird
at first the crew was furious
then they decided the bird had actually brought the fog, so they congratulated him
The calm ocean soon thickened, there was no water to drink, and the water looked as though it was rotting
the sailors blamed the Mariner and forced him to wear the Albatross's corpse around his neck like a cross Albatross Over time, the sailors became parched and couldn't talk
The Mariner bit his arm to use the blood to moisten his lips, and called out that he saw a ship!
The ship was carrying Death and the Night-mare Life-in-Death (a woman)
she cause the sun to sink and the moon and stars to rise
the crew members dropped dead - all except the Mariner - and cursed him before they died The Mariner could do nothing but sit on the ship with the corpses for 7 days and nights
he blessed the water snakes and the Albatross fell off his neck and he was able to pray again When he awoke the next day, the sailors spirits were leaving their bodies and the ship was steering itself
however, at noon, the ship lurched as though in a tug of war, and the Mariner hear two voices
one asked if the Mariner was the one who killed the Albatross, and the other said he had done penance, but would continue to do more The moon overpowered the sea and moved the ship northward, toward the Mariner's home
Seraphs (figures of light) appeared - among them were a holy Hermit, a Pilot, and the Pilot's Son - and they brought the Mariner to shore
The Mariner begged the Hermit to absolve him
hermit asked him to tell his tale, which made the Mariner guilt free - but only temporarily In every new place, the Mariner must find a new man to tell - the Wedding-Guest was one of these men
The next morning the Wedding-Guest woke up, "a sadder and a wiser man"