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France

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by

Nicole Rodricks

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of France

France
PARIS
FRANCE
Food
What is Culture?
Language
Clothing
Landmarks
Arts
Famous People
Common Misconceptions
Symbols
Introduction
Religion
Let's Play Jeopardy!
Nicole, Rachel, Sonya & Valentina
One of the most visited places in the world, France has many things to offer and learn about. Despite Canada's close links with France, most of the students in schools speaking French do not understand the influence and background it provides that leads to created ground-breaking discoveries and the way it shapes the modern world.
France has their own standardized
language
, as well as
religion
,
food
,
clothing
,
landmarks
,
symbols
, and
history
, all of which help make up a unique
culture
.
France is home to what is commonly known as the fashion capital of the world: Paris. Their culture and society places a good deal of importance on fashion and clothing. It is and has been home to countless designers including Coco Chanel,Christian Dior and many more. France is also the birthplace of 'haute couture', or high end fashion.

The little black dress, denim jeans and the bikini all hail from France and are good examples of timeless creations that still remain popular in this day and age. An essential part of the country's fashion acclaim is Paris Fashion Week. This fashion show is the final stop after fashion weeks in Milan, London, Berlin and New York.

Having been the epicenter of the fashion world for so many decades, the French are known for being so fashion forward that their dressing style is essentially embedded into their culture. They made use of the idea that clothing is a good way to express quite a bit by doing very little.

If asked, one would likely define culture as music, literature, language, the arts, and that wouldn't be wrong. However they wouldn't be right either. In fact, the things created by a culture which we distinguish with our five senses are proof of the complexity of culture.

Culture is taught, learned and communicated – there is no culture of one. Yet culture does not oppose upon us – individuals exist within a culture.

For example, a house is a building, all buildings essentially alike, but what’s inside the home is what makes it different from all the rest.

Misconceptions
"French" fries = Belgium
"French" horn = German
"French" toast = Italy


Stereotypes:
The French are rude
French people hate Americans
French people stink
All French people smoke
All French toilets are disgusting.

France is undoubtedly a nation with distinctively delicious cuisine. Typically, one would associate the following foods with the land:

Bread, cheese and wine
Baguettes
Crepes
Eclairs
Chocolate Mousse
Truffles (not the chocolate - the fungi)
Escargots


There are three types of meals one might experience in France: classical cuisine, haute cuisine and cuisine du terroir. All three have various focuses. Dishes and styles obviously vary according to the regions, due to available ingredients and local traditions.

The French are a people that put passion and care into the food they prepare, because food is considered a very important part of their culture. They believe in 'le bon vivant', which describes the lifestyle of someone who eats and drinks well.
Coco Chanel
Famous designer known for her timeless fashions
A popular style icon
Created simple yet sophisticated outfits
Louis Pasteur
Came up with the process of pasteurization
Also discovered certain vaccinations
Made huge scientific and medical contributions
Napoleon Bonaparte
A military general who became Emperor
Changed the country drastically and made France a European power.
Jeanne D'Arc (Joan of Arc)
Led the French army into battle against the British
Was captured and burnt at the stake
Made a saint in 1922 and played a role in the outcome of the war
People from France speak
French
Considered a
"romantic"
language
Originates from
latin
An
official language
in 29 countries (e.g. France, Canada, Belgium, Haiti, and Switzerland).
And now for a brief history of the French Language...
Old French
Between the 9th and 13th centuries
A raw language made up of
Germanic
,
Latin
, and
Gaulish/Celtic
North and South had their own version of the dialect
France
Middle French
Between the 14th and 16th centuries
More refined
Began developing literature
Replaced latin in books with French
Adieu
Latin!
Modern French
17th century onwards
A result of the
"French Revolution"
The dialect of
Paris
was chosen to be the official language
It became the official language of
"international diplomacy and relations"
at the time.
Lost
to English to becoming the
Universal language
.
French Influence in English
There are many words spoken by English people, like us, that we don't know are French, and yet still use them in our everyday lives. Here are some examples
Words or Phrases Used Everyday (Known)
Déjà-vu
Touché
Cliché
Chic
Voilà
Café
Décor
Fiancé
Papier-mâché
Words or Phrases Used Everyday (Unknown)
Amateur
Brunette
Entrepreneur
Surveillance
Sabotage
Clique
Cuisine
Concierge
Facade
Genre
Cuisine
Lingerie
Venue
France, despite changes in other countries, predominantly practiced Catholicism (not including the few areas which were Orthodox).
Though the Monarchs kept Catholicism as the religion for many years, the French Revolution brought about changes
Keeping Catholicism as the religion was deemed "anti-revolutionary."
In 1801 Napoleon signed a "Concordat" with the Vatican that reconnected Catholicism with France.
Catholicism was the official religion until 1905
The Landmark Law was passed, separating the Church from France
Anyone in France is now allowed to practice any religion.
The French have always been known for their architecture (they built the Statue of Liberty
as a gift
). Here are some of their landmarks, which include their amazing architectural style:
La Tour D'Eiffel (The Eiffel Tower):
Top Landmark in France
Located in Paris
324m tall
Originally a temporary structure
Popularity kept it from being torn down
Mont Blanc (White Mountain):
Half in France/Italy
4, 801 m high
Tallest mountain in the EU
Arc de Triomphe (Triumphant Arch):
Memorial to the Dead - French Revolution
Napoleon ordered it to be built in 1808
Took 28 years to complete
The symbols of a country often play a role in representing their culture, and various aspects of their society. Some popular symbols one may associate with the nation of France include:
Fleur-de-lis
French Flag
Eiffel Tower
Early Times
Gaul was the region where present day France occupies today.

This land was conquered by the Romans between 58 and 51 B.C.

The Romans were then overthrown by the Franks around 400 A.D.

The Middle Ages
The Treaty of Verdun divided Gaul into three kingdoms, one of them France.

The Hundred Year's War fought against the English to gain control of French territory.

By the late 15th century, the Renaissance had come to France and the country was thriving.
The French Revolution
1789 marked the beginning of the French Revolution, during which the monarchy was overthrown.

The nobles and thousands of people were publicly executed.

Napoleon Bonaparte took advntage of politcal instability and made himself Emperor.
20th Century France
In 1914 once WWI had begun, Germany attempted to attack France and failed.

Germany was eventually defeated by the Allied Powers, including France..

During WWII, Germany invaded France and succeeded in occupying the nation for 4 years.

The nation was liberated by Britain, Canada and the United States.
A Post-War Nation
After the war, France was under new government: it's Fifth Republic.

French forces were defeated in French Indochina (Vietnam), causing the loss of the colony.

Rebellion in Algeria saw the French lose control there as well.

Over the past few decades, France has once again asserted itself as a world power and leader in many aspects.


Brief History of France
Sculptures
Dis-Moi
BB Brunes
Paintings
Sculptures
Music
Dance
Architecture
Photography
Film
Conclusion
France is amazing. The French culture consists of factors such as history, clothing style, food, people, arts, religion, landmarks, etc. The unique
styles
of said factors is what makes France a unique culture.
Music
Full transcript