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Psychoanalytic Personality Theory
Transcript of Psychoanalytic Personality Theory
Unconscious Thoughts are Revealed Through:
-Hypnosis (no, not really)
Divisions of the Mind
Id- impulsive, self-centered, irrational.
-You're born with it
Ego- rational, logical, goal-oriented
- "Reality Principle"
- develops during Anal Stage
SuperEgo- morality and conscience
- develops during Phallic Stage
Stages of Development
1. Oral Stage- 0-18 months; characterized by dependency
2. Anal Stage- 2-3 years; development of self-control
3. Phallic Stage- 4-6 years; process of identification with same sex parent arises from Oedipal and Electra Complexes resulting in development of Superego
4. Latency Stage- 7-11 years; not much going on, sexual and aggressive urges are mostly sublimated
5. Genital Stage- Sexual maturity and relationships; Personality is largely fixed by this point
Psychoanalytic Personality Theory
according to Sigmund Freud
Rational, goal-directed thoughts at the center of awareness
The proverbial "tip of the iceberg"
Knowledge that can enter in and out of consciousness at any time
It's "just below the surface" appearing and disappearing with the current
-Freud hypothesized that during the Phallic stage, boys developed a sexual attraction to their mothers, leading to...
-Castration Anxiety, or the fear of emasculation by their father
-Freud also believed that little girls felt an attraction to their fathers and experienced...
-Penis Envy, a literal and figurative desire for what boys have
-unconscious mental processes aimed at protecting the ego from unpleasant emotions/feelings
Repression: keeping thoughts or memories that would be too threatening to acknowledge from awareness
Example: When asked how he feels about the breakup with Muffy, Biff replies, “Why? Oh, yeah, I haven’t thought about her in a while.”
Denial: refusing to acknowledge external realities or emotions
Example: Biff continues to act as it he and Muffy are still together. He waits by her locker, calls her every night, and plans their future dates.
Displacement: redirecting one’s feelings toward another person or object that is less threatening.
Example: Biff could displace his feelings of anger and resentment onto his little brother or his pet hamster.
Projection: attributing ones own unacknowledged feelings or impulses to others
Example: Biff insists that Muffy still cares for him.
Displacement or Projection?
Displacement: Person A as feelings about person B, but redirects those feelings onto a third person or an object.
Projection: Person A has feelings about person B, but believes instead that person B has those feelings toward him or her (person A).
Reaction Formation: turning unacceptable feelings or impulses into their opposites
Example: Biff claims he loathes Muffy.
Rationalization: explaining away actions in a seemingly logical way to avoid uncomfortable feelings, especially guilt or shame
Example: Biff believes that he can now find a better girlfriend. Muffy is not really all that pretty, smart, and fun to be with.
Sublimation: converting sexual or aggressive impulses into socially acceptable activities
Example: Biff devotes himself to writing poetry and publishes a small volume before he graduates from high school.
Passive Aggression: indirect expression of anger toward others
Accepted Freud’s basic ideas:
Importance of unconscious
Shaping of personality in childhood
Dynamics of anxiety and defense mechanisms
Placed more emphasis on
role of the conscious
mind, and social interaction than on Sex and Aggression
universal symbols of the human race’s experiences that transcend the individual’s immediate concerns
“Inferiority Complex” – much of our behavior is driven by efforts to conquer childhood feelings of inferiority
Basic Anxiety, caused by helplessness, triggers desire for love and security.
Culture important in development, and so-called penis envy merely outgrowth of West’s devaluation and oppression of women.
What Lies Beneath?