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Conflict Revision 1
Transcript of Conflict Revision 1
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Where are we going?
Today we are going to revise some of the key content for the conflict unit. We are going to focus on the key concepts of pacifism, Just War and suffering
Your usual example for pacifism is the Christian group Quakers. They believe in the teachings of Jesus, in particular 'blessed are the peacemakers'.
They believe all violence is wrong because of teachings such as 'turn the other cheek', 'thou shall not kill', 'love thy enemy and pray for those who persecute you'.
They also feel that Christians should forgive instead because of quotes like 'forgive them, Father', 'forgive and you shall be forgiven' and 'treat others as you want to be treated'.
Some Christians feel that violence is sometimes justified if it meets certain criteria. This is called Just War Theory. When deciding whether to go to war the following rules should be followed:
There must be a just cause
It must be started by a legitimate government
No innocent people should be killed
It should be a last resort
You must have a reasonable chance of success
It must be proportional (not more force than is necessary)
Goal: we have revised some of Conflict
Conduct in war
An A* answer will show understanding of the criteria for conduct in war:
No innocents should be harmed
Only appropriate force should be use
International conventions on war should be followed
Why does suffering exist?
Some Christians believe the world is fallen because of the influence of the Devil and because of original sin.
Without suffering and evil, people will not recognise good.
Suffering arises from free will.
Suffering can be a test of faith (e.g. the story of Job)
Christians are told to 'rejoice that you participate in the suffering of Christ'. Some Christians like Mother Teresa take this so seriously they will not have pain killers when dying.
How do Christians respond to suffering?
Prayer and reading the Bible
Studying the lives of others who have suffered
Through a belief in the afterlife and thinking that things will get better
Believing suffering is part of a divine plan
Serving others through charity
The problem of evil
Suffering exists so...
God is not omniscient because if he knew he would stop it.
God is not omnipotent because if he could stop it he could.
God is not omnibenevolent because if he wanted to stop it he could.
Therefore people think he doesn't exist in the Christian format.
Explain from two different religious traditions the teachings on war (6)
'Suffering has no purpose' Give two reasons a religious person would agree or disagree (4)
'Pacifism is for wimps' (8)