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Transcript of Behaviorism
journey begins! Behavorism............
What is it? John B
Watson His Dissertation - Animal Education Watson's PhD: The Importance of Early Experience Development of a
Young Monkey - 1913 Definition: the theory or doctrine that human or animal psychology can be accurately studied only through the examination and analysis of objectively observable and quantifiable behavioral events, in contrast with subjective mental states. "http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/behaviorism" Early Life:
Born in 1878
Started College at 16 years
Completed Master's in 5 years
Pursued a Doctoral at the University of Chicago
Got PhD in Psychology in 1903 Analyzed relation of brain and behavior in developing rats and then made suggestions about humans from the rats. Suggested infant humans were like baby rats
infant humans were not passive
Not Cognitively limited organisms
These findings contradicted his early contemporaries. The Behavior of Noddy
and Sooty Terns - 1908 His doctoral thesis
His first book
Extensive ethological and laboratory studies of seabirds
Related the bird behavior to human behavior Paralleled Freud's in some ways
Based on the development of Adult Behavior
The Impossibility of fully understanding Learned Behavior without also understanding Unlearned Capabilities. 1917 This was a major year. This is the year when Watson really turned his focus from animals to humans.
Focusing on unlearned behavior and emotional development
Interests included reflexes, thinking, language acquisition, and handedness
Watson never claimed that all behavior was learned
Famous "dozen healthy infants" quote Little Albert
Experiment Classical Conditioning conditioned an eleven-month-old infant to show fear at the sign of a white rat
new emotional reactions could be conditioned via Pavlovian associations
showed that emotional responses might be unconditioned using systematic desensitization Psychology as the
Behaviorist Views It Seminal Lecture detailed the behaviorist position
"psychology should be the science of observable behavior"
purely objective experimental branch of natural science
the prediction and control of behavior Published Research
Study - 1920 John Watson, and his assistant Rosalie Rayner, published one of the most famous research studies of the past century. Little Albert
attempted to condition a severe emotional response in a nine month old baby
created fear in the baby
created a new stimulus-response When Albert saw the white, furry objects, he would get scared because he associated them with a negative effect Life Events: In 1935 Rosalie died unexpectedly at the age of 35. John was so devastated he became an alcoholic and a workaholic. In 1954 His son, William committed suicide in 1954, and John took out his frustration by burning all of his unpublished work. Famous Quote “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select–doctor, lawyer, artist–regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations and race of his ancestors” - John B. Watson Believed that it was nurture, rather then nature that determines our behaviors
This quote was directed towards the psychologists that believe that heredity has to do with a person’s behavior
Often part of this quote is left out, since there is no factual evidence to prove the theory Behaviorism Watson's Coined Term name for his proposal to revolutionize the study of human psychology
trained as an “animal man” himself
“making behavior, not consciousness, the objective point of our attack”
Introspection-ism languished, behaviorism flourished, and considerable areas of our understanding of human psychology Life After Research ~ 1920 Entered Advertising after resigning from John Hopkins
Published many things including Psychological Care of the Infant and Child (1928)
his lasting contributions in the areas of learning, psychological methods, and behaviorism Behaviorism John B. Watson Baby Albert
Little White Mice
Development of a Young Monkey
Had many publications