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Saeima of the Republic of Latvia

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Saeima SAB

on 14 November 2018

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Transcript of Saeima of the Republic of Latvia

The most important regulations concerning activities of the Saeima are set forth in the Constitution and the Rules of Procedure of the Saeima
The first legislative body of the Republic of Latvia was the People’s Council, which on 18 November 1918 proclaimed the Republic of Latvia
The Saeima has been the name of the parliament of the Republic of Latvia since 1922

The word "Saeima" means "assembly" derived from the verb "to go"

The original meaning of the neologism "saims", coined by Juris Alunāns, is a "national council, state council"

The word used subsequently - "saeima" - has broadened its meaning to "an assembly, a meeting, a conference"
What does the word "Saeima" mean?
Traditions of the Saeima
Everyone is welcome to visit the Saeima
Guided tours are organised on business days from 9.00 to 16.30
Sign-up for a guided tour by calling 67087485, 67087483 or e-mailing at ekskursijas@saeima.lv

Guided tour
By visiting the Saeima Visitor and Information Centre
on business days from 9.00 to 16.30
Jēkaba iela 11, Riga (entrance from Trokšņu iela)

By calling 67087321
on business days from 8.30 to 17.00

By e-mailing at info@saeima.lv
Thank you for your attention!
Foreign Affairs Committee
Budget and Finance (Taxation) Committee
Legal Affairs Committee
Human Rights and Public Affairs Committee
Education, Culture and Science Committee
Defence, Internal Affairs and Corruption Prevention Committee
Public Administration and Local Government Committee
Economic, Agricultural, Environmental and Regional Policy Committee
Social and Employment Matters Committee
Mandate, Ethics and Submissions Committee
Parliamentary Inquiry Committee
Public Expenditure and Audit Committee
National Security Committee
Citizenship, Migration and Social Cohesion Committee
European Affairs Committee
Sustainable Development Committee
At least five MPs may form a parliamentary group

An MP who has withdrawn his/her membership from a parliamentary group cannot become a member of other parliamentary group and is deemed to be an MP not affiliated with any parliamentary group

Parliamentary groups may form political blocs

In order to coordinate the work of parliamentary groups and political blocs the Council of Parliamentary Groups has been established by the Presidium of the Saeima, parliamentary groups and political blocs

Work of the Saeima is organised in sessions. In the course of one year, three regular sessions - autumn, winter and spring sessions - are held. An extraordinary session may be convened at any time during the recess between regular sessions

Regular plenary sittings are held once a week on Thursdays at 9:00

Plenary sittings are open to the general public

For live video stream of plenary sittings visit the Saeima website www.saeima.lv; for live audio broadcasts of plenary sittings visit the website of the Latvian Radio www.latvijasradio.lv or tune to Latvijas Radio 3 (except in Riga)

Working language of the Saeima is Latvian

Draft laws can be submitted to the Saeima by:

the President of Latvia
the government
committees of the Saeima
not less than 5 MPs
not less than one-tenth of voters
In accordance with the Constitution, all international agreements which pertain to matters that may be decided by the legislative process require ratification by the Saeima

The Saeima cooperates with other parliaments and is a member of six international parliamentary organisations

Officials of the Saeima and MPs hold meetings with foreign ambassadors, officials and delegations
The government submits a draft budget to the Saeima

Vote for the national budget is actually a vote of confidence in the government; conversely, a vote against the budget is tantamount to a vote of no confidence
Work of the Saeima
The work of the Saeima is administered by the Presidium, which is elected by the Saeima at the beginning of its mandate
President of Latvia Raimonds Vējonis
Auditor General
Elita Krūmiņa
Night of Museums
Blood Donor Day
Job Shadow Day
Youth Saeima
Spring Community Work Day "Gift to Latvia"
Commemoration of the Barricades
Prepared by the Public Relations Department of the Saeima, 2018
Photos: Parliamentary Administration, Supreme Court, LETA
How to contact the Saeima?
Prime Minister Māris Kučinskis
Chief Justice
Ivars Bičkovičs
Director of the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau
Jēkabs Straume
Juris Jansons
Director of the Constitution Protection Bureau
Jānis Maizītis
Governor of the Bank of Latvia
Ilmārs Rimšēvičs
The committees prepare for consideration all matters that are discussed by the Saeima

The broadest and most active discussions regarding draft laws take place within the committees

The Saeima may form ad hoc committees to undertake specific legislative assignments

In specific cases the Saeima appoints a parliamentary investigative committee

In order to fulfil specific tasks or to perform preparatory work, a committee may form not more than two subcommittees

An MP may be a member of not more than two standing committees and three subcommittees at a time
Concord parliamentary group

Unity parliamentary group

Union of Greens and Farmers parliamentary group

National Alliance of All for Latvia! and For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK parliamentary group

Latvian Regional Alliance parliamentary group

Unaffiliated members of parliament
Work at the plenary sitting
Presidium of the 12th Saeima
The Speaker of the Saeima is one of the top public officials who:
Parliamentary groups
Adoption of laws
Adopting the national budget
Parliamentary scrutiny
Appointing public officials
Ceremonial sittings of the Saeima on the 18 November and 4 May
Meetings of the Speaker of the Saeima with foreign ambassadors
Bonfire in commemoration of Barricades of January 1991
Saeima and NGOs Forum
Youth Saeima
School programme "Meet the Saeima!"
Open Door Day
Night of Museums
Job Shadow Day
Campaign "Back to Your School!"
Spring Community Work Day "Gift to Latvia"
Blood Donor Day

The Republic of Latvia is an independent democratic parliamentary republic, and the sovereign power of the State of Latvia is vested in the people of Latvia
The Saeima is composed of 100 representatives of the people – members of parliament (MPs)
The Saeima is elected by secret ballot for a term of four years in general, equal and direct elections based on proportional representation
The 12th Saeima consists of:
Currently, there are 16 standing committees in the Saeima:
represents the Saeima
chairs and maintains order during the plenary sittings
chairs meetings of the Presidium
in specific cases can temporarily fulfil the duties of the President of Latvia
Work of the committees of the Saeima
Procedure for adopting laws
The Saeima oversees the work of the government
The government as a whole and each minister in particular are politically responsible to the Saeima
The Presidium is composed of five members of parliament: Ināra Mūrniece, Speaker of the Saeima; Inese Lībiņa-Egnere, Deputy Speaker of the Saeima; Gundars Daudze, Deputy Speaker of the Saeima; Andrejs Klementjevs, Secretary of the Saeima, and Gunārs Kūtris, Deputy Secretary of the Saeima
The parliament of the Republic of Latvia is called the Saeima
Any full-fledged citizen of Latvia who is more than 21 years of age on election day may be elected to the Saeima
All full-fledged citizens of Latvia who on election day have attained 18 years of age are entitled to elect the Saeima
The Saeima has several functions, but its main task is to adopt laws
The Saeima decides on the national budget annually before the start of the fiscal year
The Saeima is responsible for electing many of the public officials

All officials are elected in an open procedure, except the President of Latvia, who is elected by a secret ballot

Once a year at a plenary sitting, the Prime Minister reports on the government’s performance and its planned future activities
The Saeima holds annual debates on foreign policy in which the Minister for Foreign Affairs reports on the accomplished and planned activities regarding state foreign policy
International cooperation
Not less than three MPs can establish a group for interparliamentary relations with another country or a group for promoting other parliamentary interests
Traditions of the Saeima
Events in the Saeima
Saeima and NGOs Forum
Congratulating athletes
Opening exhibitions
Find us
The Presidium determines the internal rules and work procedures of the Saeima
1925. 1th convocation of the Saeima of the Republic of Latvia
Not less than five MPs have the right to submit in writing questions to the Prime Minister, the government or the Governor of the Bank of Latvia within the scope of their respective professional responsibility
Not less than ten MPs have the right to submit in writing interpellations to the government
The work of the government and state institutions is supervised by committees of the Saeima among others
The Constitutional Assembly drafted the fundamental law of the state – the Constitution
The first legislative body elected by a popular vote was the Constitutional Assembly, whose election was held on 17 and 18 April 1920
The Presidium prepares the agenda of plenary sittings and carries out other organisational functions
Latvia, which proclaimed its independence on 18 November 1918, has been established by uniting historical Latvian lands, on the basis of the unwavering will of the Latvian nation to have its own state and its inalienable right of self-determination in order to guarantee the existence and development of the Latvian nation, its language and culture throughout the centuries, as well as to ensure freedom and promote welfare of each individual and the entire nation
Prosecutor General
Ēriks Kalnmeiers
Traditions of the Saeima
Ceremonial sitting of 18 November
Address by the President of Latvia
at the last plenary sitting of the spring session
Ceremonial sitting of 4 May
Full transcript