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Italian Prezi

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by

Nikki Mwaura

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Italian Prezi

Italian Government and the Italian Health System Prior to 1992:
Centralized form of healthcare
Public sector management of hospitals
This placed a financial burden on the Italian government (Mattei 2006) The Italian Government: Parties and Involvement By: Cody Parrott,
Jon Michael Hilsheimer,
and Nikki Mwaura The Party System Broader implications of reform:
Allowed regional governments to have more power
Made easier access to healthcare in Italy
Made healthcare more equitable in Italy The Healthcare Reform of 1992:
Made healthcare system regional instead of central
Allowed healthcare to be more about health and less about politics
Allowed CEO's of hospitals to manage the hospitals instead of the central government
Signaled a change from public sector management to private sector management (Mattei 2006) Further reforms:
1999: A return to more centralized form of healthcare
Based on "managed planning" instead of a free-market approach (Fiorientini et al. 2008)
2001: More legislative power granted to regions
Again signaled a shift toward more decentralized healthcare through vote by regions (Fiorientini et al. 2008) Summary:
The Italian government has historically been very involved in its healthcare system, but in the 1990s there was a shift to regional control of healthcare. This was revoked in 1999 when new legislation returned power to the central government, but then in 2001 power was returned to the regions to control health care and other programs, and it remains so today. The 1990's were a critical period for Italian politics before there was.... After 1992 Parties were renamed and reformed: Major Parties and their basic platforms: Basically.... Comparison to America CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES SENATE -Since there are so many different political parties, the Italian government takes shape into a coalition government (where different parties join forces to attempt to either reduce or enforce the majority) -Basically...turmoil, confusion, and corruption. Then in 1992 there was massive reorganization -Democratic Party/Bersani Common Good Coalition= Red
-Beppe Grillo Five Star Movement= Yellows
-The People of Freedom/Berlusconi Center-Right Coalition=Blue
-(Blue in between Red and Yellow is Monti/With Monti for Italy) -Democratic Party/Bersani Common Good Coalition= Red
-Beppe Grillo Five Star Movement= Yellows
-The People of Freedom/Berlusconi Center-Right Coalition=Blue
-(Blue in between Red and Yellow is Monti/With Monti for Italy) -The CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY (DC), and the ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (PCI)
-these were the two major parties in Italy's multiparty system, then under them was the right-winged, fascist Italian Social Movement (MSI), and then the left-winged Italian Socialist Party (PSI) -After the fall of communism (1991) everything fell apart -Christian Democratic Party--> ITALIAN POPULAR PARTY (PPI)

-Italian Communist Party--> Democratic Party of the Left (PDS)
-PDS-->DEMOCRATS OF THE LEFT (DS)

-Italian Social Movement-->NATIONAL ALLIANCE (AN)

Also created:
-FORZA ITALIA (FI), created by Silvio Berlusconi
-Northern League/LEGA NORD (LN), fiscally focus on the Northern economy THEN 2007 -Democrats of the Left joins with the Daisy Party to form the DEMOCRATIC PARTY

-Forza Italia joins with National Alliance to form the PEOPLE OF FREEDOM (PdL) (Britannica 2013) (Britannica 2013) (Wikipedia 2013) (Wikipedia 2013) The People of Freedom (European Election Database 2013) The Democratic Party The Northern League Five Star Movement Civic Choice Other Notables History of the Church in Italy For hundreds of years the Roman Catholic Church held unparalleled power in religious and political matters in not just Italy but most of western Europe The unification of Italy marked a rise in tensions between the state and the church's power. For almost a decade, Catholics were forbidden from voting in national elections. After decades of turmoil in Europe, the church had lost real political power, but regained its reputation as an institution of religious leadership. The Lateran Pacts were signed on 1929 and gave the Church compensation for lost papal lands, a sovereign papal state (The Vatican), and a small army and police force for the pope. Tensions remained high between the church and state in Italy until the Fascist party came into power in 1922. Mussolini, in order to maintain peace and popularity began to work with the Church. Church and Politics The Church and State Today Today, the Pope is the leader of the Catholic Church. He holds no political power, but remains a symbol of the Catholic Faith The Pope Italy has adopted very secular laws. Despite the teachings of the church against contraception, Italy has one of the lowest birth rates in Europe. Divorce and abortion became legal in the 1970s even in the face of strong opposition from the church. "Everybody thinks that the pope is the only moral figure in my country as far as war and social justice go, but on personal behavior, meaning sex, meaning divorce, meaning motherhood and pregnancy, people frankly do not care." -Emma Bonino, a leader of the Radical Party, who spearheaded the campaign to legalize abortion The Church and State Today: Separation or Union? In Italy, the disagreements about church and state are less bitter and absolute than in the United States. While the country is very secular, the church remains a big part of the history and culture.
"There is much more collaboration, its a reasonable attitude," "Not such rigidity as we have in the United States. -American Vatican Official -Union of the Centre (w/Civic Choice)
-Movement for Autonomy (PdL)
-South Tyrolean People's Party (PD)
-The Federation of the Greens
-The Right (Flame Tricolor)
-The Left (The Rainbow)
-Italy of Values
-The Communist Refoundation Party Political Party History -Supports traditional values; belief in self-determination, individualism, social market economy--> leads to supporting small government, lower taxes and deregulation
-Center-right party founded by Silvio Berlusconi in 2009, previously a coalition of 8 other parties (mainly Forza Italia and National Aliance)
-Harmed by Berlusconi corruption recently -Calls for a fiscally federal Italy, with more independence for Italy's different regions (specifically to benefit Northern Italy)
-Formed by a combination of previously independent Northern political parties in 1991
-Coalition with The People of Freedom -Advocates direct democracy, free Internet access, and sustainable environmental policy
-Described as a right-winged populist party
-Founded in 2009 by Beppe Grillo (a popular political activist and comedian) and Gianroberto Casaleggio -Socially progressive, progressive taxes, environmentally aware
-Founded in 2007 and led by Pier Luigi Bersani
-Unified the left and center-left parties under one group
-Strongly influenced by its Christian-Democrat past, but also incorporates a social democracy -Formed in 2013 to support Mario Monti (outgoing Prime Minsiter)
-Centrist, specifically focused on Monti ideas and reform plans
-Main focus is European budget crisis and managing the Italian debt
-Coalition with With Monti for Italy -Italian politics are more animated, less united, and can ascribe to specific and regional preferences of the Italian people. This gives them more variety and in the end a more accurately representative government *The representative system is a proportional voting system that gives bonus seats to the winning party (to form a majority) Unlike American political parties,
Italy has a very new, and very volatile political system. New parties are constantly formed, and most of the major parties were formed in the last 10 years. This is incredibly different from the Republican and Democratic party that both have strong historical roots in the US. The coalition government in Italy, gives it people an opportunity to be more accurately represented, but also to be a party of a bigger party that is able to have a majority. Some comparisons...
-Democratic Party=Democratic Party
-The People of Freedom= Republicans more corrupt
-5 Star Movement= Libertarians mixed with Stephen Colbert for President
-Northern League= The Tea Party with New York secessionist (if there were any) www.fotw.us italychronicles.com italychronicles.com lucas2012infos.wordpress.com
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