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Transcript of American Revolution
Boston Tea Party-The colonists dumped tea into the harbor because they did not want to be taxed anymore. This made the British angry. The First Continental Congress In September 1774, representatives from every colony, except Georgia, met in Philadelphia for the First Continental Congress. At this meeting, the Patriots voted to stop all trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed. They agreed that each colony should begin training militias, or volunteer armies. The Patriots also agreed to meet again in one year if the situation had not improved. By 1775, they definitely needed to meet. The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. One of the first things they did was form the Continental Army, an army with soldiers from all 13 colonies. George Washington was the leader of this army. The Declaration of Independence The Continental Congress chose Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence. He explained why the American colonies must declare independence from the British. Jefferson wrote that people are born with certain unalienable rights, meaning that their rights can't be taken away. Next, the Declaration said that if a government abused these rights, people should be free to create a new government. The Americans thought the British government abused the rights of the American colonists. The Declaration of Independence (continued) The Declaration listed the "injuries." For example, one of the charges against the British king was: "imposing taxes on the colonists without their consent*." Then, the Declaration said that because the king had abused his powers, the American colonists had decided to declare independence. They had a right to form a government of their own. Finally, the Declaration of Independence ended with a brave vow*. The signers of the document agreed to defend their new nation with, "Our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor." Once the Declaration had been signed, everyone knew a long, hard war was about to begin.
*Vow-promise WAR!!!!!!!!!!!!!! The colonists captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in May 1775. They did not just capture the fort, they also captured badly needed British cannons. This was important for the Americans. With the cannons, Washington's army surrounded the British army in Boston. Washington put the cannons on hills above Boston. When the British saw the cannons they decided to leave the city! This was a great victory for the Americans, but the war was just beginning. It was clear to everyone that King George III was determined to defeat the Americans! Battle of Trenton After the victory in Boston, the American army started to suffer with not enough supplies. Washington decided it was time to make a move. He planned to attack the Hessians, German soldiers, in New Jersey. His army succeeded in surprising the Hessians. They captured the town and took nearly 1,000 Hessian prisoners. This victory gave hope to many Americans. Battle of Saratoga After the winter ended, the British wanted to capture Albany, New York. They sailed south with an army of over 7,000 soldiers. An American army was standing in the way of the British capturing Albany. A Polish engineer who had joined the Americans created a fort near the town of Saratoga. The two armies (British and American) clashed in late September. This battle was known as the Battle of Saratoga. The British army was running low on food, so they surrendered to the Americans. This defeat against the British showed the world that the Americans could win the war. This battle was also considered as the turning point of the American Revolution. I'm a 1776 flag! The French Join the War! In April, good news arrived to George Washington. He was informed that the French had agreed to join the war against Britain. The French sent ships, soldiers, and money to help the American war effort. This definitely helped the Americans win the war! After the victory at Boston, the American army started to suffer. Washington decided to make a move. He planned to attack Trenton, New Jersey. Washington needed more soldiers so he traveled to Trenton. His goal was to surprise the Hessians, in which they succeeded. Since they captured nearly 1,000 soldiers, many Americans had new hope of winning the war. Battle of Trenton Battle of Yorktown In between when the French joined the war and the battle in Yorktown, there were a couple of small battles, which the Patriots won. The battle in Yorktown was a great victory for the Americans. The British traveled south and set up a camp at Yorktown, Virginia. Washington saw this as a great opportunity to attack the British, so he did! Once the Americans reached Yorktown they trapped the British and fired cannons on the British everyday. This was the last major battle of the American Revolution! The Americans had finally defeated powerful Great Britain!!! :) Battle of Yorktown The Treaty of Paris News of the Americans' victory spread throughout the world very quickly! The Americans celebrated by ringing bells, firing cannons, feasting, and dancing! The American Revolution was officially ended by the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1783 by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay. In this document, Great Britain recognized the United States of America as an independent nation. The Patriots fought very hard for our freedom, and we remember them every year on July 4th! Thanks for watching! Effects of the War The USA is an independent nation
The USA formed a new government in which we live by today! https://www.dropbox.com/s/si8fntduhkdtcro/Video%20Feb%2011%2C%2010%2044%2045%20AM.mov