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Medical Alternatives

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Angela L

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Medical Alternatives

What is a Psychiatrist?
History of Medicine
- first doctor in America was Dr. Thomas Wooten
ENT Specialist
What Is an ENT Specialist?
Definition: A health care professional that is focused on the diagnosis and treatment of nerves and muscles related disorders through manual manipulation of the spine
•Herbalism is the use of plants for medical purpose, and it is still in use today all over the world.
•Modern medicine recognizes herbalism as a form of alternative medicine for pharmaceutical drugs.
•Plants make up the basic compounds of drugs that are used for pharmaceutical.
•Herbalism has many different varieties of plants used such as fungal and bee products, as well as minerals, shells, and certain animal parts
•Some plants that are used for medical purposes can be life threatening or lethal if ingested with pharmaceutical drugs.
•Studies show by observing that sick animals change their food preferences to nibble at bitter herbs they would normally reject.
Massage Therapy
•Massage Therapy is the manipulation of superficial and deeper layers of muscle and tissues.
•Massage therapy is to help in the healing process, decrease muscle reflex activity, inhibit motor-neuron excitability, and promote relaxation and well-being.
•The word massage comes from the French massage “ friction of kneading.”
•Many target issues may include muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, joints, or other connective tissue, as well as lymphatic vessels, or organs of the gastrointestinal system
•Massage was found to be in use of many ancient civilizations including China, India, Japan, Korea, Egypt, Rome, Greece, and Mesopotamia.
Holistic Medicine
- Is an alternate medicine
- Form of healing that is focused on the whole person's body, mind, spirit and emotions
- Very diverse field
- Many techniques and therapies are used in holistic health
- Also known as Holistic Health
- An alternate medicine (means that any practice that is directed as having healing effects of the medicine but not based on a scientific method)
- Form of healing
- GP's use this type of medicine
- Focuses on the whole person's mind, body, spirit and emotions
- It can be used for all forms of health care
- It offers different types of treatments like patient education on lifestyle changes and self-care, complementary and alternative therapies and western medications and surgical procedures
- Many techniques and therapies such as are used on holistic health like massage therapy
- Holistic health has 3 ancient medical traditions:
- 1) Ayurveda
- 2) Herbal medicine
- 3) Western herbalism
Medical Alternatives
by: Angela, Charmaine, Sagal, and Samantha
- arrived in 1607 on one of the three ships to the New World, while carrying a commission as surgeon-general of the London Company
- Medicine began centuries before the French settled, but because the natives passed on their traditions orally, so their only written accounts of their practices and beliefs were recorded by the white explorers and settlers
- most aspects of native medicine were integral to religious beliefs, so the settlers thought that diseases were caused by magical causes and therefore required a shaman, or medicine man.
- European medicine at the time of the settlement was highly evolving, however theories and knowledge about diseases came very slowly

- Robert Giffard, a barber surgeon who came to Quebec in 1627 was the first physician at the hotel-dieu,

-Sarrazin, who came to New France in the second half of the 17th century, was appointed surgeon major of the French troops in Canada and later official physician of hotel-dieu. He was also an acclaimed botanist

- David Parker who worked in the asylum for the poor of Halifax was the first physician in Canada to operate with the help of anesthesia

- William Fraser Tolmie immigrated to Vancouver as the surgeon and trader for the HBC, may have performed one of the first modern operations on the west coast when he removed a tumor from the breast of a sailor

- Christopher Widmer (father of surgery in upper Canada)
- One of the first medical schools in upper Canada had been established in the 1820s --- the Talbot Dispensary
- around the 1900s, the surgeons operated in frock coats, usually holding knives but when not in use, kept in mouths---surgical instruments were usually washed in a cursory fashion or wiped on a towel
What do they do?
What is an ENT specialist you say?
Well, ENT specialists are basically trained physicians who specialized in the Ear, Nose, and Throat. They also specialize in related areas of the head and neck too.
Ear specialist
Did you know that ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.
they do medical and surgical treatment for hearing disorders, ear infections, balance disorders, facial nerve or cranial nerve disorders, as well as management of congenital (birth) and cancerous disorders of the outer and inner ear
Nose specialist
- Manage disorders of the nasal cavity, para nasal sinuses, allergies, sense of smell, and nasal respiration (breathing), as well as the external appearance of the nose, so basically anything to do with the nose area
Throat Specialist
Also specific to the ENT specialty is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx and the upper aero digestive tract or esophagus including disorders of the voice respiration (breathing), and swallowing.
Head and Neck area
- trained to treat infectious diseases, tumors (both benign and malignant), facial trauma, and deformities of the face.
- perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
- Hearing loss affects one in ten North Americans

Did You Know?
- About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America
Common Reasons Why People Go To Ent Specialists
•Injury to your ears, nose, or throat
•Nerve problems in your ears, nose, or throat
•Balance problems
•Hearing impairment
•Ear infection
•Tonsil or adenoid infection
•Swimmer's ear
•Pain in your ears, nose, or throat
•Ear, nose, or throat birth defects
•Breathing problems
•Down's syndrome
•Sinus problem
•Growth or tumor in your ears, nose, or throat
•Deviated septum
•Undesired appearance of the nose or face
•Cleft palate
•Drooping of the eyelids
•Hair loss
•Nose bleeds
•Nasal congestion
•Problems with smell
•Voice or swallowing problems
•Sore throat
•Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)--digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach.
Doctor GP's
Brief History
- Historically, doctors who were qualified in medical school performed the role of the GP's

- Since 1950's, general practice has been distinctive with their own special training in each of the countries
- GP stands for General Practitioner
- trained to deal with a person's whole body instead of focusing on only one part of the body when offering treatment
What they do
Only treat minor problems which include:
non-life-threatening diseases
early detections on serious diseases
health care
chronic health problems
delivery of babies
pre-hospital emergency care
performing simple surgeries
community hospital care
Family Practice Physicians vs General Practitioners
- Family practice physicians are different from GP's because they focus on the needs of an entire family instead just one person

- Family practice and general practice both deal with a person's whole body and sees patients of all age

- Family doctors usually receives training outside of general medicine like areas in pediatrics
- a doctor who specializes in surgery.
- surgeons can only qualify after 9 years of training.
-surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body. It can be the body of a human or animal
- surgery was mostly associated with barber-surgeons
-barber-surgeons were one of the most common medical practitioners of medieval Europe- generally charged with looking after soldiers during or after battle. In this era surgery was not generally conducted by physicians but by barbers.

First surgeon in recorded history
Rishi Sushruta was the first surgeon in world history. During his era, surgery formed a major role in general medical training. It was known as shalya-tantra. Shalya means broken arrow or a sharp part of a weapon and tantra means manoeuvre.
Types of surgeries
Burn surgery, cardiac surgery, colon & rectal surgery, dental surgery, transplant surgery, upper gastrointestinal surgery, vascular surgery, neurological surgery , oral & maxillofacial surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology, orthopedic surgery, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, podiatric surgery, surgical oncology, trauma surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, veterinary surgery.
Robotic surgery
-Sometimes surgeons would use machinery to do surgeries rather than hands on.
-Robotic surgery is a computer-assisted surgery, and robotically-assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures.
-It was developed to overcome the limitations of minimally- invasive surgery and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons preforming open surgery
What does the name mean?
The term “chiropractic” combines the Greek words cheir (hand) and praxis (practice) to describe a treatment done by hand.
Why People Go See Chiropractors?
people go see chiropractors mainly for relief from back pain. But chiropractors treat a broad range of complaints, from back and neck pain to headaches, arthritis and more.
When and Who to see a Chiropractor?
People who have osteoporosis, spinal cord compression, or inflammatory arthritis, or who take blood-thinning medications should not undergo spinal manipulation. In addition, patients with a history of cancer should first obtain clearance from their medical doctor before undergoing spinal manipulation

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends chiropractic for low back pain if you've had it more than six weeks, but under a year
Things to consider when going to see a chiropractor
the chiropractor's education and license
your medical condition
how you manage your health
Heat and ice
Relaxation techniques
Rehabilitative and general exercise
Counseling about diet, weight loss, and other lifestyle factors
Dietary supplements.

Cold Therapy
Purpose: Cold therapy stimulates the narrowing of blood vessels to slow down blood circulation in an area.

- reduces pain and swelling after an injury.
- therapy of choice for spinal pain within the first 72 hours.
- decreases the flow of fluid into tissues and stunts the chemicals that inflame and cause pain.
- reduces swelling and bleeding and nerve ending conduction of pain impulses.
- reduces muscle spasm by lessening muscle contraction.

Application: A towel is always put between you and the cold pack. Since inflammation and pain often accompany acute injury in the first 72 hours after an injury, ice only may be used. Ice reduces swelling and numbs the pain in short spurts like 10 minutes at a time.

Purpose: Heat therapy stimulates the enlarging of blood vessels to bring more blood to an area.

- generally sedating because of its ability to decrease the transmission of pain signals and relax tense muscles.
- enlarges blood vessels around a painful area, adding oxygen and nutrient flow to the muscles which helps heal damaged tissue.
- reduces stiffness and increases flexibility which is most important in a healthy back to help you regain your quality of life.

Application: In office, hot packs may be used on your spine with a towel around them for 10 to 30 minutes.

Electrotherapy is the medical application of electrical currents to speed healing and reduce pain
Galvanic therapy - drives out inflammation and sedates inflamed nerves, increases circulation, decreases muscular inflammation and promotes healing. It can also decrease pain sensation.
Interferential current is another electrical modality used by doctors that has shown benefit in treating pain and muscle spasm associated with low back conditions. Interferential current penetrates deeply with inflamed tissue and causes a comfortable sensation to the patient.

Two medium frequency currents are used to intersect and penetrate the tissues with very little resistance. The intersection of the currents is placed at the desired disc level at a setting for decreasing acute pain and muscle spasm. The usual treatment time is 10 to 30 minutes.

Electrical muscle stimulation , like tetanizing, are also applied to the involved muscles in back or extremity to relax and stimulate muscles.
can be used to help strengthen muscles that may be weak or atrophied due to injury or surgery.

What's the harm?
368,379 people killed, 306,096 injured and over $2,815,931,000 in economic damages -------- http://whatstheharm.net/chiropractic.html
What is a Physiotherapist?
What is a Pyschologist?
A psychiatrist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
General Psychiatrist
- Specializes in the study, diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and behavioral disorders.
Child and Adolescent Psychiatris
t - Treats children and adolescents for mental and behavioral disorders.
Addiction Psychiatrist
- Specializes in the study, diagnosis and treatment of people who have mental disorders related to any kind of addiction.
Forensic Psychiatrist
- Deals with the science related to crimes and acts as a link between psychiatry and law.
Consult Liaison Psychiatrist
- Usually works in a hospital and acts as an interface between psychiatry and medicine to treat the patients.
Geriatric Psychiatrist
- Studies, evaluates and treats mental illnesses and problems of old people.
- Specializes in dealing with both brain and mental health.
Sports Psychiatrist
- Helps to diagnose and treat the behavioral and psychological issues of athletes and sports related people.
HIV Psychiatrists
- Provides mental health care and counseling to people affected by HIV.
The old psychiatric institutions or insane asylums at the turn of the century give us the earliest look at psychiatry's practices. These institutions are where the "insane" were kept. Holes were drilled in the heads of patients to relieve "brain pressure", but before that, it was done by the same practitioners to "exorcise demons". Cages were installed on the heads of patients. Straight jackets, restraining tables, and shackles were common. Common therapies were "hosing down" the patients and spinning them round and round on a chair.
Brief Brutal Psychiatric Practice History
follows you everywhere you go
for the rest of your life
If you seek counseling or "therapy" from a psychiatrist or psychologist, how are you going to answer questions on job applications, applications for occupational or professional licenses, a driver's license, applications for health or life insurance, and school and college applications
Risks of going to a physchiatrist
Psychiatrists make up only 6% of all doctors, yet they account for 33% of all the sexual crimes committed by doctors. In fact, the percentage of sexual molestation by psychiatrists is 37x greater than that of the general public
A 1994 study showed that women are three times more likely than men to be prescribed drugs for exactly the same symptoms.
John Orpin was convicted of raping and sodomizing(when someone is raped or someone is forced to allow the rapist to use objects to penetrate them vaginally or anally) his female patients during their drug hypnosis therapy sessions. Orpin counseled his female patients that his penis was itself a healing staff and his anal rape of them "unconditional love".
In fact, in North America two thirds of all psychotropic drugs are prescribed to women.
If drugs didn't make the patient forget the assault, they use 460 volts of electricity through their temples. In 1984, 36yr-old Glendale, California woman sued her physchiatrist for exactly this reason
Psychiatrists have the highest suicide rate of any profession, a rate twice the average of medical professionals. Of 800 psychiatrists convicted of a crime, 43% were convicted of fraud, theft and embezzlement.
American psychiatrist Walter Freeman toured the country in his "lobotomobile" hammering ice picks through the eye sockets of his patients. Once the tip reached the frontal lobes of their brains, he would slash the instrument back and forth to destroy the tissue. He described his technique as a "mercy killing of the psyche."
Freeman performed 3500 of these "treatments" without a slap on the wrist.
Different kinds of psychiatrists
Physiotherapists (PTs) are health care professionals who diagnose and treat individuals of all ages, who have medical problems that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives.
Some studies have predicted that if there were no psychiatrists on earth to begin with, at least a 1/4 or more of the world would be all sad, depressed, hopeless, angry, insane...etc

- The first practitioners in physical therapy are believed to have been Hippocrates and Galenus
- In 460 BC, Hippocrates and Galenus was in favor of massages, hydrotherapy which involved the use of water to relief pain and manual therapy techniques to treat people
- Also known as Physical therapists
History of Physiotherapist
- Physical therapy involves interaction between clients or patients, therapists, families, caregivers etc.
- Physical therapy has many specialities such as in sports, geriatrics, cardiovascular & pulmonary, clinical electrophysiology, neurological, integumentary, pediatric, women's health and palliative care
- Physical therapists also practise in health policy, health insurance, etc.
Psychiatrist and Psychologist
Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Do you know the difference?
The simplest answer lies in the educational background required for each profession. A psychiatrist has a degree in medicine and a psychologist has a doctoral-level degree in psychology. We will talk more of this later on in the presentation
Pyschiatry: the study and treatment of mental illness, emotional disturbance, and abnormal behavior.
Psychology: the study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context.
a type of alternative medicine that uses essential oils and other aromatic plant compounds which are aimed at improving a person's health or mood.
Essential oils have been used for therapeutic purposes for nearly 6,000 years. The ancient Chinese, Indians, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans used them in cosmetics, perfumes, and drugs. Essential oils were also commonly used for spiritual, therapeutic, hygienic, and ritualistic purposes.
Rene Gattefosse, a French chemist, was the first to use the term “aromatherapy” when he published a book on the subject in 1937.
In fact, there are some essential oils that are regulated as prescription drugs in France, and can only be administered by a doctor.
French physicians use the aromatogram to help them determine which essential oil to use. The doctor will first culture a sample of infected tissue or secretion, and then grow the culture in petri dishes which are supplied with agar; each petri dish is introduced with a different essential oil to decide which have the best activity against the targeted strain of microorganism. The best activity is the one that inhibits growth of the target microorganism.
By mouth, aromatherapy is used to treat depression and anxiety and to promote relaxation.

By inhalation, aromatherapy is used for insomnia, stress, pain, anxiety, depression, dementia, agitation, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting after surgery, nausea and vomiting due to cancer medicines, migraine and other headaches, and many other uses. It is also used to promote a general feeling of well-being and to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac).

By direct application to the skin, aromatherapy is used for hair loss (alopecia), pain, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia, arthritis, and other uses.

Aromatherapy does sometimes have side effects. However, they tend to be very mild and do not last long. These include nausea, headaches and some allergic reactions.

•Aerial diffusion - the oils evaporate into the air. The aim is to give the air a specific fragrance or to disinfect it.

•Direct inhalation - the person breaths the evaporating oils straight in. This is commonly used for respiratory disinfection, decongestion, as well as for psychological benefits.

•Topical applications - applied onto the skin. Commonly used for massage, baths, and therapeutic skin care.
Aromatherapy does sometimes have side effects. However, they tend to be very mild and do not last long. These include nausea, headaches and some allergic reactions. Rarely, aromatherapy can induce side effects, such as rash, asthma, liver and nerve damage, as well as harm to a fetus.
Applying lavender and tea tree oils to the skin over a long period of time has been linked in one study to breast enlargement in boys who have not yet reached puberty
a female patient within three months of using a daily topical solution of specific essential oils, ultrasound showed that the 80% blockage of her carotid artery was reduced to a 50% blockage.
studies confirm that essential oils actually discriminate between normal and abnormal cells (such as cancer cells). Vitro tests have demonstrated the ability of essential oils to target and destroy cancer cells while remaining nontoxic to normal cells
•Herbalism was known to be used as least to the Paleolithic, approximately 60, 000 years ago.
•In ancient Egypt found medical jars containing trace amounts of herbs.
•In China, Herbalism has been found in the archaeological sites of the Bronze Age China dating from the Shang Dynasty.
•Over a hundred of the 224 drugs mentioned in the Huangdi Neijing, an early Chinese medical text, are herbs.
•In India, Herbalism was used for the main purpose was dieting.
Chiropractor vs Massage Therapist
- difference on which technique they will choose
- massage therapist cannot make a medical diagnosis, order needed x-rays or blood work, a chiropractor can
-Neither can prescribe medicines
- Both are vital to health care
- Massage therapy is super for soft tissues and muscles, but will not address displacements or mis-alignments of vertebrae or bony structures which may impinge on nerves
Chiropractor vs Physiotherapist
- chiropractor is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system
- uses the hands to help treat injured spine
- a physiotherapist provides treatment in case of injury, disease or caused due to aging, to assist and restore mobility and function
- does not use hands but uses self
- treats all areas of the body
Psychologist vs Pyschiatrist (continued)
both study the brain, emotions, feelings and thoughts
- Psychologists use approaches such as counseling, hypnosis,and relaxation
- psychiatrists can use these techniques too addition to prescribe medication to their patients.
e.g. diseases like schizophrenia, the patient would see a psychiatrist
- psychiatrists tend to be more clinical — trained to conduct physical exams, order and interpret laboratory tests and brain imaging studies, and monitor patients to make sure prescribed drugs are having the desired effect.
- You can book an appointment with a psychologist without a referral while psychiatrists do
•Diagnosed mental disabilities, such as bipolar disorder, attention-deficit disorder, or adult fetal alcohol syndrome

•Pain management for the terminally ill or for chronic sufferers of conditions like arthritis, lupus, or Crohn's disease


•Couples or family counseling


•Anxiety disorders

•Post-traumatic stress (the sufferers of which can range from combat veterans to rape victims to the recently widowed

Common reasons a patient may see a psychologist include:
- inborn genetic or due to physical reasons such as:
- head injuries - brain tumors or infections
- brain damage due to substance abuse - high fevers

acquired through difficult life experiences such as:
- trauma - long-term stress
Short term:
-panic attack or frightening hallucinations - thoughts of suicide
- hearing "voices."
- feelings of sadness - hopelessness - anxious feelings that never seem to lift
causing everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.

Some of these conditions can be treated by means of 'talk therapy', commonly known as counseling, alone or in combination with medications. Other conditions may need more intensive courses of treatment as a means of management and control
Why We Go See Them
Psychologists also work in many venues; mental health clinics, hospitals, residential facilities, legal settings, private practice, schools, sport and military settings to mention just a few. Others work in such specialized areas as advertising and other businesses. A few, such as Dr. Phil, Dr. Laura and Dr. Ruth, amongst others, have made prosperous careers on TV and radio with advice shows.
Curing mental disorders resulting from physical problems (genetic or obtained), primarily via medication or more invasive medical therapies such as ECT.
Finding healthy alternative ways of thinking and living life. How to implement positive habits and assisting clients to improve and enjoy their relationships.
Places where psychology is licensed and regulated
Australia, Belgium, Finland, Germany,m Greece, The Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom & United
First Psychologist In History:
The First psychologist in history is Wilhelm Wundt. People say its Wundt and not Herman von Helmholtz, Gustav Fechner or Ernst Weber, because it was Wundt's formation of the world's first experimental psychology lab is usually noted at the official start of psychology as a separate and distinct science,l by establishing a lab that utilized scientific methods to study the human mind and behavior. Wundt took psychology from a mixture of philosophy and biology and made it a unique field of study.
-its the stimulation of specific acupuncture points along the skin of the body involving various methods such as penetration by needles or application of heat, pressure or laser light.
-some effects of acupuncture are; pain, low back pain, headaches, migraines, extremely conditions, nausea, vomiting, past-operative, allergies, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cancer-related conditions, depression, fertility, childbirth, rheumatological conditions, stroke, timmiture, menopause-related symtoms, etc.
There's a theory that says that acupuncture is a key component of traditional chinese medicine (TCM) is largely pseudoscience with no valid mechanism of action for the majority of its treatments.
Did you know...
Did you know that an acupuncture needle inserted in the pinkie toe can change a breech baby's postion in the womb.
Acupuncture is an ancient chinese holistic therapy based on the theory that the body depends on life energy known as "qi" being in balance. The correct manipulation of "qi" can treat a range of emotional and physical conditions such as; musculoskeletal disorders, respiratory and circulatory disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, gynaecological disorders, neurological & stress-related disorders, the relief of pain & allergies.
- they evaluate, diagnose, treat and study behavior and mental processes. Some psychologists such as clinical and counseling psychologists, provide mental health care and some psychologists such as social or organized psychologists conduct research and provide consultation services.

- clinical, counseling and school psychologists who work with patients in a variety of therapeutic contexts.
- industrial/organizational & community psychologists who apply psychological research, techniques & theories to “real world” problems, questions and issues in business industry social benefit organizations & government.

- academic conducting psychological research or teaching psychology in college or university.
Hermann von Helmholtz
He was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions to several widely varied areas of modern science. He is known for his mathematics of the eye, theories of vision ideas on the visual perception of space, color vision research, and on the sensation of tone, perception of sound, and empiricism. In physics, he is known for his theories on the conservation of energy, work in electrodynamics, chemical thermodynamics and on a mechanical foundation of thermodynamics.
Gustav Fechner
He was a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist An early pioneer in experimental psychology and founder of psycho physics, he inspired many 20th century scientists and philosophers. He is also credited with demonstrating the non-linear relationship between psychological sensation and the physical intensity of a stimulus via the formula: , which became known as the Weber- Fechner Law.
Ernst Weber
He was a German physician; founder of experimental psychology. He was an influential and important figure in the areas of physiology and psychology during his lifetime and beyond. His studies on sensation and touch, along with his emphasis on good experimental techniques gave way to new directions and areas of study for future psychologists, physiologists, and anatomists.
Adverse reaction to anesthesia (headache, muscle pain, nausea)
Anaphylaxis (Life threatening allergic reaction)
Cardiac arrest (Blood circulation stops)
Hypo tension (Low blood pressure)
Hypoxemia (Inadequate oxygen in blood)
Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Odynophagia (pain or discomfort with swallowing)
Pneumonia (Lung infection)
Pulmonary embolism (Blocked artery in lungs)
Respiratory distress (breathing trouble)
Thrombophlebitis (Blood clot causing inflammation)
Risks of general surgery & anesthesia
Reduction in acid exposure to your esophagus
Improvement in heartburn and regurgitation symptoms
Reduction or elimination of GERD medications
Less invasive surgery compared to the standard surgical treatment for GERD
Ability to resume a normal diet following surgery
Discharge the same day or the next day after surgery
Benefits of having the procedure done
Chinese History:
- also known as the Inner Canon of Huangdi or Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon, is an ancient Chinese medical text that has been treated as the fundamental doctrinal source for Chinese medicine for more than two millennia. The work is composed of two texts each of eighty-one chapters or treatises in a question-and-answer format between the mythical Huangdi (Yellow Emperor or more correctly Yellow Thearch) and six of his equally legendary ministers.
Egyptian History:

- are ancient Egyptian texts written on papyrus which permit a glimpse at medical procedures and practices in ancient Egypt. The papyri give details on disease, diagnosis, and remedies of disease, which include herbal remedies, surgery, and magical spells. It is thought there were more medical papyri, but many have been lost due to grave robbing. The largest study of the medical papyri to date has been undertaken by Berlin University and was titled Medizin der alten Ägypter
Roman History:

Diocles of Carystus: a very celebrated Greek physician, was born at Carystus in Euboea, lived not long after the time of Hippocrates, to whom Pliny says he was next in age and fame. Not much is known of his life, other that he lived and worked in Athens, where he wrote what may be the first medical treatise in Attic. His most important work was in practical medicine, especially diet and nutrition, but he also wrote the first systematic textbook on animal anatomy. According to a number of sources, he was the first to use the word "anatomy" to describe the study. He belonged to the medical sect of the Dogmatici, and wrote several medical works, of which only the titles and some fragments remain, preserved by Galen, Caelius Aurelianus, Oribasius, Athenaeus, and other ancient writers.

- BC 722-481: Huangdi Neijing is composed during the Chinese Spring and Autumn period (the beginning of recorded history). The Nei-jing is a compilation of medical knowledge known up to that date, and is the foundation of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Massage is referred to in 30 different chapters of the Nei Jing. It specifies the use of different massage techniques and how they should be used in the treatment of specific ailments, and injuries.
- Bian Que (died 310 BC) was, according to legend, the earliest known Chinese physician. His real name is said to beQin Yueren, but his medical skills were so amazing that the people gave him the same name as the legendary doctor Bian Que, from the time of the Yellow Emperor. He was a native of the State of Qi.
- herbal medicines and synthetic drugs may interact, causing toxicity to the patient
- Standardization of purity and dosage is not mandated in the United States, but even products made to the same specification may differ as a result of biochemical variations within a species of plant. Plants have chemical defense mechanisms against predators that can have adverse or lethal effects on humans. Examples of highly toxic herbs include poison hemlock and nightshade. They are not marketed to the public as herbs, because the risks are well known, partly due to a long and colorful history in Europe, associated with "sorcery", "magic" and intrigue
- For example, dangerously low blood pressure may result from the combination of an herbal remedy that lowers blood pressure together with prescription medicine that has the same effect. Some herbs may amplify the effects of anticoagulants
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine technique derived from acupuncture. With acupressure physical pressure is applied to acupuncture points by the hand, elbow, or with various devices.
Aquatic bodywork includes Watsu and related bodywork forms involving movement, stretching, joint mobilization, and massage performed in warm water pools (e.g., WaterDance, Healing Dance, Jahara technique, etc.), as well as land-based bodywork and massage forms performed in water (e.g., Aquatic Craniosacral Therapy, Aquatic Myofascial Release Therapy, etc.)
Anma is a traditional Japanese massage involving vigorous kneading, rubbing, tapping and shaking. It is commonly performed through clothing. Anma contributed significantly to the formation of shiatsu and tui na.

Holistic VS Herbalists
Herbal medicine and Holistic are both alternative medicines and the practices are not based on evidence gathered using the scientific method
Herbal medicine, also known as phytotherapy, is a holistic health system that aims to address the needs of patients by working at a emotional, physical and physiological levels, exploring the basic causes and also the signs of illness
-treats a range of allergies and illnesses
-they use plants for medical purposes like herbal medicine
-They use the plant entirely
-study the use of plants
-they grow, collect and deal with plants
Holistic health
-deals with the physical, mental emotional, social and spiritual aspects of health
-this medicine is the one that doctors uses to treat the patient as a whole person
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