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Seven States of Matter

Year 9 scince with Mr Gairns

Isaac Panizza

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Seven States of Matter

Liquids have more energy in their atoms then solids so they move more freely and depending on the strength of the atomic bonds they can be highly viscous and slow moving or highly runny and free flowing. Liquids move freely and are normally most affected by gravity therefore they can only be held in place by a solid container but even then liquids still move due to density and convection. 3/4 of our planet is made of water and our bodies are also mostly made of water this is just one of the many liquids that are on our planet or even in our universe. Most solids can be melted into a liquid so that they can be used for other purposes.
A gas has neither a definite volume nor a definite shape.
Examples of gases are air, oxygen, and helium.
Gases are transparent and have no boundaries other than those that are imposed by walls of a confining vessel. Gases will generally have a very low density. This allows them to be compressed easily, while gases hold large amounts of energy. Gas, unlike solids and liquids don’t have any cohesiveness or surface tension.Gases are widely spread in broad areas and therefore have a weak intermolecular bond.

A solid has a definite shape and a fixed volume.
Examples of solids include ice (solid water), a bar of steel, and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide). Solids are generally hard because their molecules have been packed together. The key to solids is that they hold a definite shape and the particles don’t flow like liquids. The molecular structure of a solid is highly compacted, leaving little room for the particles in a solid to move. Solids are formed into a specific structure or arrangement of atoms. This makes solid unable to be easily compressed, unlike liquids and gases.

States Of Matter
By Isaac Panizza
Ionised Plasma
States of Matter. 2013. States of Matter. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/states.html. [Accessed 20 June 2013].

STATES OF MATTER | SOLID STATE | LIQUID STATE | GASEOUS STATE | PLASMA STATE . 2013. STATES OF MATTER | SOLID STATE | LIQUID STATE | GASEOUS STATE | PLASMA STATE . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.adichemistry.com/general/state/states-of-matter.html. [Accessed 20 June 2013].

Seven States Of Matter by Dylan Blair on Prezi. 2013. Seven States Of Matter by Dylan Blair on Prezi. [ONLINE] Available at: http://prezi.com/-ulviv3myzn2/seven-states-of-matter/. [Accessed 20 June 2013].
Ionised plasma is the result of a gas going through inonisation by gaining enough energy through either heat or electromagnet energy. Ionisation is the process of releasing electrons from an atom and creating positivley charged ions and negativly charged electrons and ions. Plasmas are used more then you think in daily life and can be seen all over the universe. Lightning is made of a form of plasma and neon lighting is harnessed through ionised neon. Finally ionised plasma is a part of what makes up the stars we see in the night sky, across our galaxy and beyond.
Quark Gluon Plasma
Quarks and gluons are the building blocks of sub-atomic particles and so Quark Gluon Plasma is created when the sub-atomic particles break apart muck like ionised plasmas do except at a smaller level. Gluons are placed between the quarks and when sub-atomic particles are put under extreme pressure and heat both the quarks and gluons split apart and move independently of each other much like electrons and atoms do in ionised plasma. The way labratory scientist make quark gluon plasma is by using equipment such as the hadron collider to collide atoms into each other at extreme speed to break apart the atoms
Bose-Einstein Condensate is created when bosons have almost all their energy taken away and this can only be found at tempertures at almost absolute zero. Bosons and fermions are a sub-atomic particles that make up everything arounds us. Simply as possible fermions are what create mass while bosons are the carrier of energy that holds them together and dictates properties. Fermions also interact by exchanging bosons. BEC is created by trapping bosons in a magnetic sealed chamber and cooling it down using infered lasers. As the bosons reach almost absolute zero the particles start to move at a similar movement rate while they are still disconected (). Once BEC is created all the bosons move in one perfect similar motion and all the atoms look identical. It is theorised that BEC was a fundemental part of the formation of the early universe and plays a crucial part on the theory of dark matter and it's part in the creation of the universe
Bose-Einstein Condensate
Fermionic Condesate
Fermionic condensate is incredibly similar to BEC as it is made in the same way and the state of matter created shows signs of having the same properties as a super fluid. Fermionic Condensates are also a man made creation and once again the sub-atomic particles are cooled using both a magnetic field and lasers bombarding the particles from all directions.Fermionic condensates are still a theoretical understanding and only small samples have been created for testing. Fermionic condensates like BEC could have possibly been created during the early universe otherwise it takes temperatures of almost absolute zero and so Fermionic condensates are not known to form naturally.
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