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Moral Life in Christ Chapter Twelve

The Third Commandment

J.W. Lane

on 6 March 2012

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Transcript of Moral Life in Christ Chapter Twelve

closing the
Life can sometimes present us with a lot of distractions.
. . . but over time
guideline one
days of holy obligation
the third commandment
Sunday is your God-given day to refocus on what's most important in life. It's a day for worshipping God, and taking some time for yourself.
The Sabbath Day
The Hebrew word "shabbat" means "rest." It's where we get the word "sabbath." The sabbath day is the day on which we rest. It was important in both the Old and New Testaments.
in the Old Testament . . .
We've always recognized the seventh day as important. In Genesis, God's creative activity continues for six days unabated, and then He rests.
what's it mean?
This rest not only invites us to recognize God's loving power, but it also gives us a perfect opportunity to do so!
later on . . .
In time, the obligation to recognize God's loving power, and to take a break from work, is codified in the Law of Moses.
Remember the sabbath day - keep it holy.
- Exodus 20:8
The Third Commandment:
So, we can see that from the very beginning of salvation history the sabbath had a twofold purpose: worshipping God and getting rest.
from the beginning . . .
keep in mind . . .
The rules associated with keeping the sabbath holy are not supposed to be burdensome.
The sabbath was made for you; not the other way around!
in the New Testament . . .
Jesus' resurrection would bring changes to the way we worship God. The early Jewish Christians wor-shipped God just like their Jewish ancestors.
Christians would even-tually transfer the sabbath from Saturday to Sunday, or "the Lord's Day," to honor Jesus' victory over death.
"But every Lord's day gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure."
The Didache A.D. 50-120?
from private to public
Private celebration of the Lord's Day on Sunday gave way to its public celebration in A.D. 321. We've celebrated the sabbath on Sunday ever since!
Where does your obligation to attend Mass originate? Two places:
1. The obligation to worship God.
2. The importance of the Eucharist.
The Eucharist
The Eucharist celebrates the very heart of Jesus' redemptive mission. It makes His sacrifice present to all of us.
For this reason, the Church obliges us to worship by attending Mass on Sundays. It follows that we also abstain from work that prevents us from worshipping.
holy days of obligation
Some days out the year are set aside to commemorate saints, historical events, or mysteries of our faith. These days are known as "holy days of obligation."
The universal Church celebrates ten holy days of obligation, but the Bishops in the United States had the authority to suppress some of the days.
holy days in the
united states
In the U.S., we celebrate six holy days of obligation:
1. Mary, Mother of God (Jan 1).
2. The Ascension (40 Days after Easter).
3. The Assumption of Mary (Aug 15).
4. All Saints' Day (Nov 1)
5. The Immaculate Conception (Dec 8)
6. Christmas (Dec 25).
fulfilling the
Attending Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation is serious business.
that means . . .
. . . if you deliberately miss Mass on Sundays or holy days, then you're committing a serious: i.e., mortal sin.
why rest?
In addition to worshipping God, we rest on Sundays because it's a requirement of the human condition. We get tired, and we need a break!
the meaning of "rest"
Although rest on Sundays is required, what's restful for one person may not be restful for someone else. There are a few guidelines though that can help us.
Avoid anything that impedes your participation in the Eucharistic wor-ship.
guideline two
Avoid anything that inhibits the festive happiness of Sunday.
guideline three
Avoid anything that makes bodily or mental rest impossible.
Don't let anything keep you away from Mass.
Don't do anything that's going to make you feel sad or discouraged.
If an activity leaves you feeling exhausted physically or spiritually, then it can wait for another day.
celebrate good times
We have to consciously recover the festive, joyful dimension of Sunday. Remember that we're celebrating nothing less than Jesus' resurrection from the dead!
How can we
celebrate Sunday?
There are several ways to make Sunday a celebration. You could:
1. Play a game with family or friends.
2. Do something outdoors, like taking a walk or having a picnic.
3. Work on a craft project with family or friends.
4. Cook dinner together.
5. Read the Bible or pray with family and friends.
Sunday is all about closing the gap between us and God. It's also about closing the gap between ourselves and others.
study questions
Please do the following study questions on pp 216:
1, 5, 8, 10-11, 14-16, 18, & 19
& P.E. 3 on p 217 (5 sentences)
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