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Peace Theme 2: Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance

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Vhellyre Ferolino

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Peace Theme 2: Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance

Gordon Allport (1958)
asserts that humans have a propensity toward prejudice.
This propensity lies in their normal tendency to form generalizations and categories whose content represents an oversimplification of their world of experience.
Prejudice is the negative feeling or attitude towards a person or a group even if it lacks basis.
Stereotype refers to the negative opinion about a person or group based on incomplete knowledge
Discrimination refers to negative actions towards members of a specific social group that may be manifested in avoidance, aversion or even violence.
Types of Prejudice
Peace Theme 2: Challenging Prejudice and Building Tolerance
1. Racism
– the belief that one’s own cultural or racial heritage is innately superior to that of others, hence, the lack of respect or appreciation for those who belong to a “different race”
2. Sexism -
a system of attitudes, actions and structures that subordinates others on the basis of their sex where the usual victims are women
3. Heterosexism -
negative attitudes towards lesbians and gay men
4. Classism –
distancing from and perceiving the poor as “the other”
5. Linguicism –
negative attitudes which members of dominant language groups hold against non-dominant language groups.
6. Ageism –
negative attitudes held against the young or the elderly
7. Looksism –
prejudice against those who do not measure up to set standards of beauty. The usual victims are the over-weight, the undersized and the dark-skinned
8. Religious intolerance -
prejudice against those who are followers of religious other than one’s own.
Education for Tolerance and respect
Why teach tolerance?
UNESCO asserts that education is the most effective means of preventing intolerance. There is a need for schools to educate citizens not to accept hateful propaganda about the “different other” and instead appreciate other cultures and respect cultural differences.  Educating for tolerance is a practical alternative. Intolerance has given rise to violence, terrorism and discrimination within societies. Alack of respect for differences, among other factors, has given rise to conflicts between and among groups. Teaching for tolerance will aid in protecting human rights and in saving lives
GED 411
(Social Dimension of Education)
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