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Copy of Figurative Language

Standard E2-1 Indicator E2-1.3 Analyze devices of figurative language. Definitions taken from "NTC's Dictionary of Literary Terms" by Kathleen Morner and Ralph Raush, 1991

Jacqueline Paton

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Figurative Language

Figurative Language Metaphor Oxymoron Pun Allusion Imagery Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idiom The making of "pictures in words"
Using the senses:
sight, sound, smell, taste and touch Appeals to the senses of taste, smell, hearing, and touch,
and to internal feelings as well as sight An analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing (not using like or as). Obvious, extravagant exaggeration or overstatement Uses like or as to compare two or more dissimilar things A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on words with two or more meanings A figure of speech in which human characteristics are attributed
to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas A manner of speaking that is natural to the native speakers of the language The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words The use of words whose sounds imitate
the sound of the thing being named a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, people, places, events, literary work, music, myths, or works of art, either directly or indirectly Examples:
“I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.” This refers to the story of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie.

“When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary.” Scrooge was an extremely stingy character from Charles Dickens’, A Christmas Carol.

“Chocolate was her Achilles’ heel.” This means that her weakness was her love of chocolate. Achilles is a character in Greek mythology who was invincible. His mother dipped him in magical water when he was a baby, and she held him by the heel. The magic protected him all over, except for his heel.

" Example:
"I love those skies, thin blue or snowy gray,
Those fields sparse-planted, rendering meager sheaves;
That spring, briefer than apple-blossoms breath,
Summer, so much to beautiful to stay,
Swift autumn, like a bonfire of leaves,
And sleepy winter, like the sleep of death."
-"Puritan Sonnet" by Elinor Wylie Example:
"My Heart's a stereo
It beats for you so listen close
Hear my thoughts in every note
Make me your radio..."
-"Stereo Hearts" by Gym Class Heroes and Adam Levine
grass is the "beautiful uncut hairs of graves"
-"Song of Myself" by Walt Whitman Examples:
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill, both ways.
I had a ton of homework.
If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.
This car goes faster than the speed of light.
That new car costs a bazillion dollars.
That joke is so old, the last time I heard it I was riding on a dinosaur.
You could have knocked me over with a feather. Example:
"loving hate"
"living death"
"wise fool"
"jumbo shrimp"
"shape without form"
"shade without color" Example:
"Do you ever feel like a plastic bag, drifting through the wind, hoping to start again?"-Katy Perry
"How could you be so cold, as the winter wind when it breeze yo?" -Kanye West
"What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun..."-Langston Hughes Example:
"The window screen is trying to do its crossword puzzle but appears to know only the vertical words." -"Sunday Rain" by John Updike

"The leaves on the ground danced in the wind. The brook sang merrily as it went on its way.The fence posts gossiped and watched cars go by
which winked at each other just to say hi." -"My Town" by Sharon Hendricks

"The only monster here is the gambling monster that has enslaved your mother! I call him Gamblor, and it's time to snatch your mother from his neon claws!"-Homer Simpson, The Simpsons) Example:
A penny for your thoughtsba
The apple doesn't fall far from the tree
Once in a blue moon
Kill two birds with one stone
Feeling under the weather
barking up the wrong tree
bated breath Example:
When I asked the man how he became a ditch-digger, he said he just fell into it.
Have you ever heard of an honest cheetah?
You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish. Unless of course, you play bass.
An elephant's opinion carries a lot of weight.
The past, the present and the future walked into the library. It was tense.
"As for me tomorrow and you will find me a 'grave' man."
-"Romeo and Juliet" by Williams Shakespeare Examples:
"Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew. While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew. Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze. Freezy trees made these trees’ cheese freeze. That’s what made these three free fleas sneeze."-Dr. Seuss

"Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before."-The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe

"After life's fitful fever"-Macbeth by William Shakespeare Example:
hum, buzz, clang, boom, hiss, crack, twitter, sizzle A figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression Simile
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