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Copy of The Supervisory Relationship: Supervisee and Supervisor Contributing Factors

Summarization of Chapter 7 of Bernard & Goodyear's Fundamentals of Supervision


on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Supervisory Relationship: Supervisee and Supervisor Contributing Factors

In this chapter, we examine the contributions of the individual supervisee and the supervisor to the quality and effectiveness of the supervisory relationship. Supervisee Factors Supervisor Factors Supervisee Resistance
Supervisee Attachment
Supervisee Shame
Supervisee Anxiety
Supervisee's Need to Feel & Appear Competent
Supervisee Transference Supervisor Attachment
Interpersonal Power
Supervisor Countertransference THE SUPERVISORY RELATIONSHIP: Supervisee & Supervisor Contributing Factors "The 400+ theories of psychotherapy that are practiced in contemporary society converge on the curious observation that some painfully distressed patients seeking assistance from expensive and highly trained professionals reject their therapists' best advice, fail to act in their own best interest, and do not respond to the most effective interventions that can be mastered on their behalf..."
Self protective behavior employed in the face of a threat Supervisee Resistance Resist the supervisor's influence
Resist the supervisory experience itself
Be noncompliant with tasks related to supervision
Be noncompliant with mutually agreed upon plans with respect to clients Manifestations of Resistance Circumstances that Elicit Resistance Supervisee Trust Levels
Client Issues Transmitted by Parallel Process
Disagreement about Supervision Tasks and Goals
Supervisor Directiveness
Supervisee Trait Reactance
Developmental Level
Supervision Focus
Supervisor Style
Supervisee Countertransference Supervisee Attachment Back to Bowlby's Attachment Style: Anxious or Compulsive Self-Reliance/Compulsive Caregiving
Describe each style. Due to Evaluative Nature of Relationship
Self-conscious emotion
"I am flawed" vs. "I have done something wrong"
Hiding vs. Confession/Apology/
Make Amends
Supervisee Shame Withdrawl
Attack on Others
Attack on Self Supervisor's Response to Supervisee's Shame Create minimally shame inducing environment
Recognize the signs of shame Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Supervisee Anxiety Supervisee Learning Spark Supervisee performance Supervisee-supervisor performance Managing Anxiety Optimize Challenge & Support
Think about Structure - more structure desired in conditions of anxiety/crisis
Role induction Varies by professional developmental model
"Constant oscillation between being overconfident in newly learned counseling skills and being overwhelmed by increasing responsibility.."
Imposter syndrome
Self-efficacy Supervisee's Need to Feel &Appear Competent Supervisee Transference Person transfers to supervisor the responses and feelings that he or she had to someone in past
Negative - self-criticism
Positive - idolizing
Sexual implications
Parallel processes Implications Do not provide therapy to supervisees
Acknowledge your humanity
Allow supervisee to develop own competence
Negative instances: refer to chapter 6 Supervisor Attachment Supervisor's attachment styles predict strength of alliance
Focus on attachment style of supervisee may impact evaluation Power inequality present
Social influence theory - Strong:
We give power to those whom we perceive to have resources necessary to meet our needs
Expertness, Attractiveness, Trustworthiness
Elaboration Likelihood Model - Perry & Cacioppo
Central or Peripheral Information - Processing
Interpersonal Perspective - people are negotiating their status
Power and Affiliation Interpersonal Power Supervisor Countertransference Cues
Having strong positive or negative feelings when interacting with supervisee
Uniquely different feelings
Gradual change in feelings
Discussion with colleagues
Six Sources:
Interpersonal Style of Supervisee
Personal Unresolved Issues
General Personality Characteristics
Inner Conflicts Activated by Supervisory Role
Reactions to supervisee
Countertransference to supervisee transference Summary Many individual factors on both supervisee and supervisor side impact supervisory relationship
Chapter presents knowledge to allow sensitivity for these factors and minimize impact on relationship Manifestation Dominance Nurturant Hostility Submissive
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