Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Culture: Functions, Characteristics, Classification

No description
by

Lucy Creus

on 27 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Culture: Functions, Characteristics, Classification

Notes
Functions of Culture
Ideas
Culture: Functions, Characteristics, Classification
What is CULTURE
LATIN: “cultura” or “cultus” which means care or cultivation.

Culture as a cultivation implies that every human being is a potential member of his own social group.

He is endowed with certain innate qualities like intelligence, creativity, and resourcefulness.




Definitions of Culture
CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE
It is a universal human experience, yet its manifestation is local.

Same essential life experiences and the need for the family, a belief system, an economic system, a government, a language, and even a religion.

It is a stable yet dynamic.


FUNCTIONS OF CULTURE
Culture provides behavioral patterns.
THE MECHANISMS OF CULTURE
• Folkways -A social group exhibits customary behavior patterns called folkways
• Mores - One sociologist writes that all mores are folkways but not all folkways are mores. This is so because mores are the “must folkways” since they are necessary and essential to the welfare of the group.
• Laws - In order to standardize the mores and the penalties for violating them, laws are made.



 Sir Edward Taylor
Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, laws, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society
 Joseph H. Fitcher
A person may escape society for a while, but he can never escape culture.
MEANINGS OF CULTURE
 Culture as a social heritage.
-everything that is socially learned and shared by the members of a society


 Culture as an established pattern of behavior.
Through culture, individuals within a social group can interact with one another
 Culture, as psychologically observable phenomenon:
Explicit
Implicit

 Culture is both material and immaterial.

CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE
It is organized and integrated
Culture is organized from its smallest behavioral units, culture traits to culture complexes
It is a social product
it is learned by each individual as a result of his experiences after birth.
CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE
It is cumulative.
Culture maintains the biologic functioning of the group.
FUNCTIONS OF CULTURE
Culture gives meaning and direction to one’s existence.
Culture offers ready- made solutions to man’s material and immaterial problems.
Culture develops man’s attitude and values and gives him a conscience.
ELEMENTS OF CULTURE
Alternatives
Although individuals behave in a manner expected of them by their society, it does not mean that there could not be differences in their behavioral patterns.
Specialities -outgrowth of alternatives since once individual chooses a cultural alternative

Dragon Boat Festival in China
5th day of the 5th month of the lunisolar Chinese calendar
Native Filipino Beliefs
LEVELS OF CULTURE
1. International Culture -Basketball is a very good example of international culture.
2. National Culture -Wearing barong in formal occasions like wedding, baptism or debut is common among Filipinos
3. Elite Culture- Ballet, listening to symphony orchestra, watching Luciano Pavarotti’s concert, listening to classical music of Beethoven, Mozart are elite practices.
4. Popular (pop) culture -Basketball, rock concert, street dancing, eating finger foods sold along the streets, buying from Divisoria are catered by the masses.

MODES OF ACQUIRING CULTURE
1. Imitation
2. Formal and informal teaching
3. Conditioning


CLASSIFICATION OF CULTURE
A. ACCORDING TO DYNAMISM
1. Static- same culture/cultural patterns are transmitted from generation to generation.
2. Dynamic - culture/cultural patterns continue to change as they are passed on from one generation to another
B. ACCORDING TO STABILITY
1. Stable Culture- the cultural patterns are satisfying to the group.
2. Unstable culture- many people in the group are not satisfied the way things are being done.

C. ACCORDING TO FORM/ COMPONENT

1. Material Culture- These are material objects and all tangible objects made, used and shared by people.
2 .Non-material Culture- The ways and methods of utilizing the material culture to satisfy man’s needs .


Reporter: Zairahleen Solomon
Aileen Karen L. Sinio

THE MECHANISMS OF CULTURE
• Institutions - are the most stable, uniform, formal, and highly structured. They have well- established social patterns, roles and relations that people are expected to carry out for the purpose of maintaining the stability of these relatively permanent structures like the family, the government, the church, and the business.

• Fashion, fads and crazes
These social mechanisms although short-lived and not practiced by the whole group, represent the changing aspects of culture.

Levels of CULTURE
5. Subculture – Societies are divided into small groupings. It is composed of movements, ethnic groupings, regional groupings and organizations each have it own cultural practices unique to it.

6. Counterculture – These are practices entirely against the normal practices of the nation or dominant group. The Hippie in the US during the 60’s, Abu Sayaff in the Philippines and the New People’s Army are examples of it.

 Culture as a distinguishing factor.
Sociologists view culture as a specific or a distinctive way of life of a group of people.
Higaunon

Ifugao
T'boli
Elements of Culture
Universals

Within society, there are traits or complexes which are common to and practiced by every normal adult member of the society.
Full transcript