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Animals found in Antarctica

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on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of Animals found in Antarctica

Today I'm going to tell you about different species and animals that live in the cold,freezing Antarctic such as:
and sea creatures.
There are 17 species of penguins.

Adélie and Emperor penguins breed on the shores of the Antarctic.

Here is the list of the penguins which live in Antarctica:
Emperor penguins,
King penguins,
Adélie Penguins,
Chinstrap Penguins,
Gentoo Penguins,
Rockhopper Penguins,
and Macaroni Penguins.
There are different species of seals in Antarctica.

Antarctic fur seals,
Leopard seals,
Weddell seals,
Elephant seals,
Ross seal
and Crabeater seal
live in Antarctica.

Some whales migrate to Antarctica such as

The Bottle-nose whale,
Humpback whale,
Sperm whale,
Killer whale,
The Blue whale,
The Fin whale
and The Minke whale.

15 Different animals found in Antarctica
The most tallest and heaviest penguin are the Emperor penguins.
The height of Emperor penguins are 110cm and over (adult).The tallest Emperor penguin found was 130cm tall.
Elephant seals
Elephant seals are found all around Antarctica.
Elephant seals feed on squid and fish at the edge of the sea ice

Emperor Penguins
King penguins are the second largest species of penguins:

70 to 100cm tall after the Emperor penguins.

Weighs 11 to 16 kg.

In size it is second tallest after the Emperor penguins.
Antarctic Fur Seals have a
body length between one point two metres to two metres.
They weigh between twenty-five kg to two hundred and ten kg.

Antarctic Fur Seals mainly feed on krill, but they also eat fish and squid.
They usually feed at night.
Orca (Killer whales)
Chinstrap penguins
Weddell seals
These seals prefer to lie on snow and ice even when open land or rock is available.
Black-Browed Albatross
This animal is a large seabird in the albatross family.
The black-browed albatross threat is long line fishing.
The Blue whale
Antarctic Shag birds
The Antarctic Shag birds are found on the Antarctic Peninsula all year-round, except during short foraging [a wide search over an area to obtain something] flights to open water.
Sperm Whale
Minke whale
Inland fast ice:
Ice that covers seawater but is attached to land and its inland.
Antarctic fur seals
The Blue whale is:
thirty metres long
and weigh one hundred and fifty thousand kilograms.
Blue whales eat krill.
The Blue whale is one of the loudest animals on Earth.
The Blue whale is the largest animal still existing.
Killer whales are carnivore marine mammals.

They eat fish, squid, penguins, dolphins and large whales such as The Blue whale.
Sperm whales eat
shrimp, giant squid,octopus and fish

Sperm whales are known to dive up to one hour.Sperm whales can dive as deep as one thousand metres to search for food.
Minke whales are part of the Baleen whale family same as The Blue whale.
The Minke whale has baleens not teeth unlike the Killer whale.
The Orca has teeth.They have only one set of teeth, there are usually 10-14 teeth on each side of the jaw.
The Minke whale feeds on the same food as The Blue whale.Minke whales feed on krill, cod and krill.
foraging: A wide search over an area to obtain something
Thank you for listening to me.
I hope you have learned some new things about Antarctica's animals
An adult Emperor penguin weight is around 40kg.
Emperor penguins feed on krill, fish and squid.
King penguins
Adelaide penguins
What do they eat?
Adelaide penguins like to eat what any other penguin would fish,squid and krill.
What do Adelaide penguins look like?
Adelaide penguins have a large oval in their belly that's white.
Where do they live?
What are their predators?

When it's October [breeding season], Adelie penguins migrate to Antarctica's rocky coastline where they live in colones.
Leopard seals are just one of Adelaide penguins predators.
Chinstrap penguins are named after the black line that goes across their chin from one ear to the other.
King penguins have the largest breeding cycle of all penguins lasting from fourteen to sixteen months.
Antarctic Shags feed on fish and crustaceans.
Fin whales
Where do they live?
It is believed that Fin whales migrate to warmer during mating season and then migrate back to cooler waters during feeding season.
What do they eat?
Fin whales eat
and krill.
What are their predators?
The only known predator of the Fin whales are Orcas.
What do they look like?
Fin whales are the second largest animal on earth after the blue whale.
Adult chinstraps predators are leopard seals and killer whales.

Eggs and chicks predators are birds such as the brown skua and sheatbill.
Weddell seals spend the whole year in Antarctica. When winter comes along Weddell seals have to keep warm so to do that they stay underwater, but their breathing hole might be covered in snow so they will use their strong teeth to scrap breathing holes in the ice.
In the Southern Hemisphere females reach about twenty-five metres.
Breeding season
October is breeding season for Adelie penguins. A pair of Adelie penguins would make a nest out of stones on rocky land. The female would lay two eggs and keeps them warm while the male goes fishing. He can be away for one week.
The skua is a predator for Adelie eggs and chicks.

The Leopard seal also known as the sea leopard, leopard seals are the second largest species of seals.

They eat penguins, fish, squid, seals and crustaceans.
Leopard seals
Weddell seals eat fish, krill and squid.
They are around fifteen to eighteen metres long.
They weigh around thirty-five thousand to forty-five.
Chinstrap penguins eat krill, fish and shrimp.
Chinstrap penguins live in colonies
This sea bird eats mostly fish and krill with some salps and jellyfish.
Their eyebrow gives their name. The black-browed albatross is mostly white, it has brownish black wings and tail, their beak is orange, they have webbed feet that look yellowish orange.
The breeding season is from October to January.
The female lays two to three eggs.
Antarctic Silverfish
The waters around Antarctica are cold enough to freeze most fish but the Antarctic Silverfish have found a way to survive in icy waters and feed on krill that live there.
From July to September the fish release eggs that which float under the ice where it's dark. Fewer predators will find them there.
From November onwards, the eggs then hatch into larvae. Each one is fed by a bag of food [ called a yolk sac ], attached to its body.
Young fish breathe through their skin until their gills have formed. This way small pieces of ice cannot enter and damage their young body
After their gills have formed and they have grown up, they have to be careful [ try to hide from predators ].
Antarctic silverfish have silvery scales that reflect the water around them like mirrors and so this makes them more difficult to see.
Antarctic Silverfish can live for ten years in waters where other fish would die.
Did you know?
Silverfish have very large eyes so they can see in waters that sunlight can hardly reach
Did you know that silverfish bones are very light which helps them to stay afloat?
The Skua isn't a large bird, but it's a big bully.

Skuas fly to Antarctica to breed, they often nest near Adelie penguins.

It will raid the penguin colony for eggs and chicks to eat.
Did you know?
A Skua uses its short curved beak peaking rivals and ripping into food.
Sukas feet are webbed, with sharp claws.
If threatened a Skua flies at its attacker
The Skua is a fierce fighter that animals try to keep out of its way so it has no predators.
Sukas mate for life.
Here it is the line that goes across the chin from ear to ear.
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