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The Raindrop Prelude (No.15) by Chopin

GCSE Music Edexcel revision
by

Geoff Pearce

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of The Raindrop Prelude (No.15) by Chopin

Chopin
Prelude in D flat major.

Ternary form
A – Db major
B – C# minor
A1 – Db major
A section has own ABA structure
A1 is shorter than before
Coda added at end
Starts with lyrical melody in RH, includes dotted rhythms and chromaticism.
Decorated with ornaments e.g. acciaccatura, turn.
B section – melody to bass.
Narrower range, mostly longer durations.
Mostly 4- and 8-bar phrases.
Db major (A and A1 sections)
Modulates to C# minor (enharmonic tonic minor) in B section
A and B sections end with imperfect cadences
Prelude ends with perfect cadence
Dominant pedal (quavers) almost throughout (Ab / G#)
Mainly diatonic harmony
Occasional chromaticism
Structure
Melody
Tonality
Rhythm, metre + tempo
Dynamics
4/4 – common time - simple quadruple time.
Septuplet: 7 notes of equal length in time of 4.
Decuplet (b.79) – 10 notes in one beat.
Sostenuto – sustained (i.e. unhurried).
Rubato used on recorded performance – flexible tempo for expressive effect.
Repeating quavers unify the piece.
Initial melody includes dotted rhythm.
Detailed markings.
Cresc and diminuendo (graded dynamics).
Range pp to ff.
No sudden contrasts.
A section generally quieter than B, which goes to ff twice.
Structure
Ternary form
A – Db major
B – C# minor
A1 – Db major
A section has own ABA structure
A1 is shorter than before
Coda added at end
Chopin's life
Born in Poland on the 22 February 1810.
He had a family of one other sibling and his parents.
He grew up in Warsaw and composed many pieces there however settled in Paris during the uprising and oppression of the Russians.
He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music.
For most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849 at age 39.
Understanding the typical features of romantic music.

All will be able to identify three features of romantic music.

Most will be able to identify up to five features.

Some will be able to identify more than five features and compare the features with music from other periods, whilst also making connections to other genres.
DO NOW - Choose ten words that you would relate to the word
romantic
.
Introduction to romantic piano music and tempo rubato.

All students will be able to identify tempo rubato.

Most students will be able to perform with a sense of rubato and dynamics.

Some students will demonstrate an understanding of various tempo markings including sostenuto.
DO NOW - Listen and describe the similarities and differences between the three pieces you hear...
The Piano

All students will explore the capabilities of a piano and demonstrate an understanding of the sustain pedal.

Most students will also demonstrate an understanding of the soft pedal and be able to explain what the full range of a piano is.

Some students will make connections between the capabilities of the piano and the impact this had on western classical music.
DO NOW - Describe the features of a piano. What can a piano do that other instruments can’t?
Getting to know the Raindrop Prelude - part I

All students will be able to perform the first four bars of the left hand part with some confidence.

Most students will be able to perform the first four bars of the right hand separately.

Some will be able to play some of the piece hands together.
DO NOW - Why is the Raindrop Prelude a good title for the piece (prelude playing in background)?
Texture in Chopin's Raindrop Prelude
All students will be able to aurally identify homophonic and monophonic textures.

Most students will be able to identify octave textures as well.

Some students will be able to identify the use of different textures and their intended effect on the listener.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Main Task
Find one piece of music by each composer in your booklet.

For each work, describe:
1) Dynamics
2) Instrument(s) used
3) Feeling/mood of the piece
4) Tonality (major or minor)
Main Task
TEMPO RUBATO = STOLEN TIME
What do you think this means?
Learn the first section of Für Elise and experiment with using tempo rubato
1
2
3
Learning aims
Main Task
Piano pedals
Dynamics
Phrasing
Learn these four bars
Use the sustain pedal!
Crescendo
Lift
and...
Write three paragraphs that summarise the romantic music genre.
Home Learning
Performances
Did you use the sustain pedal?
Did the dynamics gradually increase?
Did you lift at near the end?
MAIN TASK
Learn the first four bars of Chopin's Raindrop Prelude.
Which part will best represent the tempo?
What do I see in my key signature?
Discuss in pairs, then write your answer in your booklet.
DO NOW: Which musical elements will you use to enhance your performance of the Raindrop Prelude?
MAIN TASK
Listen to a variety of sections of the Raindrop Prelude and decide whether the texture in the extract is monophonic, homophonic, and/or an octave texture.
DO NOW
Describe what you believe texture is in music. Use diagrams to accompany your answer.
HOME LEARNING
Revise for Chopin mock exam using the MR. TIGHTS sheet and the example questions in your folder.

Mock exam next lesson
Answer the challenge questions found on the Für Elise and Raindrop Prelude yellow stickers
DO NOW
Complete the musical term worksheet on your chair.
DO NOW #1: Please draw a line from the term to the image that represents it.
EXTENSION: Write a sentence using at least two of those words correctly.
DO NOW #2: Please name the keyword that the image represents.
EXTENSION: Write a sentence using at least three of those words correctly.
RHYTHM
DYNAMICS
TIMBRE
HOMOPHONIC
MONOPHONIC
PITCH
TEMPO
POLYPHONIC
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
All will be able to identify at least two key features of Chopin's Raindrop Prelude.

Some will be able to describe the significance of five key pieces of information about Chopin's Raindrop Prelude.

Some will create exam-style questions about Chopin's Raindrop Prelude.
MAIN TASK
Fill in the MR TIGHTS study guide by working with the other students in our class.
EXPERTS:
REFLECTION
Today I have learned...
One question I still have is...
On the back of your Chopin sheet, finish the following sentences:
Melody: Lucia, Larisa, Isis
Rhythm: Salma, Leena, Tifani
Texture: Akilah, Muna, Dharmila
Instruments: Daiana, Noor, Hanaa, Namrata
Genre: Pinjal, Ankita, Fatma
Harmony&Tonality: Albiona, Kiera, Matylda
Structure: Imelda, Chatu, Youssra
DO NOW
How would you define structure in music?
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
I can define structure in music.

I can describe the main elements of Chopin's Raindrop Prelude.

I can consolidate my learning in a number of ways
REVISION TASKS
POST-ITS!!
In pairs, write down a key word from this unit on each post-it note.
Extension:
Rank them from most important to least important
DO NOW
FIND KEY FACTS ABOUT YOUR SET WORK USING THE MR TIGHTS REVISION GUIDE.

WRITE THEM ON YOUR DO NOW SHEET
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
I CAN IDENTIFY KEY FACTS ABOUT ALL SEVEN SET WORKS STUDIED SO FAR.

I CAN CREATE EXAM-STYLE QUESTIONS ABOUT GIVEN SET WORKS.

I CAN ANSWER EXAM-STYLE QUESTIONS FOR EACH SET WORK STUDIED SO FAR.
MAIN TASK 1
1) GIVE YOUR KEY FACTS TO THE PERSON TO YOUR LEFT.
2) WRITE QUESIONS FOR THE ANSWERS YOU HAVE BEEN GIVEN.
3) PASS YOUR QUESTIONS TO THE PERSON TO YOUR LEFT.
4) ANSWER THE QUESTIONS FOR THAT SET WORK.

CONTINUE THIS UNTIL YOU GET YOUR ORIGINAL SHEET BACK.
MAIN TASK 2
IN GROUPS OF FOUR, ANSWER THE PUB QUIZ STYLE QUESTIONS ABOUT EACH SET WORK.

EACH PAGE WILL BE TIMED (5 MINUTES)

THE GROUP THAT ANSWERS THE MOST CORRECT WILL BE GIVEN A PRIZE!
DO NOW
Create one exam-style question for each set work.
Moby
Buckley
Davis
Bernstein
Handel
Mozart
Chopin
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
I can create exam-style questions.

I can answer exam-style questions.

I can create an exam revision plan.
MAIN TASKS
1) Complete the pub quiz revision exercise in your groups

2) Complete the mock exam paper
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