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Transcript of HUMAN MORALITY
1. There is a train coming and you are the only one who notices it, you can:
A. Push an innocent obese man in front of the train, stopping it to prevent 3 people from getting run over, but resulting in killing the obese man.
B. Let the train hit the 3 people but save the obese man by doing nothing.
C. Jump in front of the train, slowing it down enough for the 3 people to have enough time to get away- but there is no guarantee that will reach safety.
What is morality?
The distinction between right and wrong; ethical
In Lord of the Flies, author William Golding seeks to educate the human race on the subjectivity of morality and how morals are formed under given circumstances.
Ralph v. Jack
"The condition of man [is] to be a morally diseased creature."
"Yet there was a space round Henry , perhaps six yards in diameter, into which he dared not throw. Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life." (56)
"High overhead, Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever." (164)
Politics: morals of the masses = the morals of leaders
In your opinion, what is the difference between Jack and Ralph's morals?
Ralph as a Tragic Hero:
High status: Leader in society
He suffers through Simon's death, causing CATHARSIS- the audience suffers with him
Over time, his downfall naturally occurs
This causes his APOTHEOSIS, as he accepts that his group is flawed
His rejection (downfall) restores peace to society, b/c ultimately everyone is rescued
"which is better - to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?" (164).
- “found for them the fruit they could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up in the foliage”(56).
- “the water rose farther and dressed [his] coarse hair with brightness”(140).
-Simon is also the Archetypal Scapegoat---he is a martyr for his benevolence and fairness
Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Coward-McCann, 1962. Print.
Joker’s Social Experiment: http:///www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4GAQtGtd 0
Milgram Experiment. Digital image. Simply Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.
William Golding. Digital image. Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014
Kolhberg's Stages of Moral Development. Digital image. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.