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Basic Concepts of Democracy
Transcript of Basic Concepts of Democracy
Equality of All Persons
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
The Foundation of Democracy
The acceptance of the basic concepts of democracy presents Americans with problems and challenges
A recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person
A respect for the equality of all persons
A faith in majority rule
An insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom
of the Individual
Democracy insists on the worth and dignity of all. Each individual is a separate and distinct being
Sometimes the welfare of one person must be subordinated to the interest of the many. People can be forced to do certain things whether they want to or not. For example, individuals must obey traffic signals, pay taxes, go to school, etc.
When people are forced to do something, it is serving the interest of many individuals, representing society
We all have rights in the United States of America!!
Democracy insists on equality of opportunity, not necessarily equality of condition
Democracy insists on equality before the law
No person should be held back for reasons of race, color, culture, religion or gender
Majority Rule and Minority Rights
Democracy argues that the majority will be right more often and wrong. The majority have a "right" to be wrong. Thus, the majority rule is the popular rule
Democracy searches for satisfactory solutions to public problems. It can be a trial and error process. Democracy recognizes that seldom is any solution to a public problem so satisfactory that it cannot be improved upon
The majority must recognize the right of the minority, by fair and lawful means, to become the majority. The majority must always be willing to listen to a minority's argument, to hear its objections, to bear its criticisms, and welcome its suggestions
Necessity for Compromise
Compromise allows citizens to make public decisions. To reconcile competing views. Must compromise if all are truly seen as equal, and public policy questions seldom are presented in two simple sides
Compromise is not an end in itself but a means to reach a public goal. Not all compromises are good, and not all are necessary
Freedom cannot be absolute, or anarchy will result. Democracy does not and cannot insist on complete freedom. Anarchy leads to rule by the strongest, best armed, and the ruthless
American democracy strives to strike a balance between liberty and authority. Democracy insists that each individual must be as free to do as he or she pleases as far as the freedom of all will allow
Duties and Responsiblitlies of Citizenship
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Serving on jury
Serving as a witness
Registering for the draft (men only)
Obeying local, State, and nation laws
Respecting he rights of others.
Participating in civic life
Understand the workngs of our government.
citizen - one who holds both rights and responsibilities in a state.
Every democratic citizen has duties that they must obey.
Each citizen also has responsibilities that they should fulfill to improve the quality of their government and community.
What is the Free Enterprise System?
Goods and services are bought and sold. Competition in the market drives the free market system. Laborers and workers compete for jobs. Businesses compete to produce goods and services to be sold for a profit.
1. Make sure all terms are completed.
2. What are the basic concepts of democracy?
3. What is the difference between a right and a responsibility?
4. What does it mean to you to be a citizen in the United States? (1 paragraph)
and an insistence upon minority rights