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Health Related Fitness Components

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Tayla Crowther

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Health Related Fitness Components

Fitness Components
When exploring the fitness components it is important to understand that certain fitness components are related to improving our health (these are called Health related fitness components), while other fitness components relate to the skills needed when performing a sport (these are called Skill/Sport related fitness components).


Health Related Fitness Components
Health related fitness components help keep us physically healthy, and are needed in everyday life. Health related fitness components keep you 'physically fit' and help to improve our health and well being.

The health related fitness components consist of: Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Endurance, and Flexibility.



Skill/Sport related fitness components
Skill related fitness components are specifically related to sport. These fitness components help you to perform well in sports and activities that require certain skills. These fitness components are NOT designed to improve your health and well being, but designed to improve your skill level in sports.

Skill related fitness components include: Agility, Balance, Coordination, Power, and Speed.



Muscular Strength
Muscular strength is ability of a muscle to exert a maximal force through a given range of motion or at a single given point.

For example you need muscular strength to lift your body out of bed, to carry your bags and to lift heavy objects.
Muscular Endurance
Muscular Endurance refers to the body's ability to continue using muscular strength and endure repeated contractions for an extended period of time.

For example you need to have muscular endurance when walking or jogging.
Flexibility
Flexibility is the ability of a joint to move through a full range of motion. Good flexibility in the joints can help prevent injuries through all stages of life.

We use flexibility everyday when we stretch to grab objects, walk and general movements.

Body Composition

Body composition refers to the amount of body fat you have, versus the amount of lean muscles, bones and organs.
Cardiovascular Endurance
Cardiovascular endurance is the power, strength or the ability of the heart to supply enough oxygen to muscles during a physical activity for a prolonged period of time. Regular cardiovascular activity strengthens your heart and lungs.
Examples of cardiovascular endurance include: walking, jogging, swimming or cycling.
Agility
The ability to rapidly and accurately change the direction of the whole body in space.

For example you need agility when playing sports such as: Netball, Touch football and Basketball




Balance

An even distribution of weight enabling someone or something to remain upright and steady.

Some sports which require Balance include: Gymnastics, Tightrope walking, and Netball






Coordination

the ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently.

Coordination is essential for majority of sports, in particular sports which require using a ball or holding and object, such as: Basketball, Hockey, and Tennis
Power
The amount of force a muscle can exert.

Some sports which require power include: Boxing, AFL, and Rugby League
Speed
Speed is the amount of time it takes the body to perform specific tasks.

Speed is required for fast paced sports such as: Touch Football, hurdles, and AFL
Question
For each of the Health related fitness components come up with one example of an everyday activity (either at home or school) which help keep you physically fit and healthy. For example
Activity
In pairs, your task is to research each of the health related fitness components (Muscular strength, Muscular Endurance, Cardiovascular Endurance, and flexibility) and each of the sport related fitness components (Speed, Agility, Coordination, Balance, and Power) and provide a definition for each, in your own words.

Then provide an example for each of the Health related fitness components, and skill related fitness components.


Aerobic Capacity
Aerobic capacity refers to a continuous steady state exercise longer than three to four minutes. The Aerobic system provides energy at a slower rate for long-term, and lower intensity exercises, and uses oxygen to help provide fuel to the body.

For example: Marathon running, triathlons, cross country running.

Anaerobic Capacity
Anaerobic System (without oxygen): generates energy quickly, for fast paced and high intensity level exercise. This normally consists of high bursts of speed or resistance lasting up to 10 seconds.

Examples of this include: 50-100meter sprints, making a break in Touch Football, AFL, or making a break or tackle in Rugby League.



Energy Systems
When you exercise your body is constantly working to supply your muscles with enough energy to keep going, but the way energy is made available to your muscles changes depending on the specific intensity and duration of your exercise.
What are Fitness Components?
Fitness components are qualities that athletes must develop to physically prepare for sport and competition. They are the building blocks of exercise and physical activity.

Fitness components are important because in order to train for specific sports or exercise activities we must know what qualities we need to train for.

The fitness components include: Agility, Speed, Balance, Power, Coordination, Muscular strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility, and Cardiovascular Endurance
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