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Bill of Rights
Transcript of Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights
Right to Bear Arms
The 2nd Amendment
Guarantees Individual Liberties
The 1st Amendment
Bail and Punishment
The 8th Amendment
Powers Reserved to the States
The 10th Amendment
An amendment is an addition or a change to the Constitution.
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as THE BILL OF RIGHTS.
James Madison wrote the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in 1791.
Basic Information about the Bill of Rights
Freedom of RELIGION
Freedom of SPEECH
Freedom of the PRESS
Guarantees the right to ASSEMBLE peacefully
The right to PETITION the government
Guarantees the right of citizens to KEEP and BEAR arms.
Lodging Troops in Private Homes
The 3rd Amendment
Prevents CONGRESS from FORCING citizens to QUARTER, or HOUSE, TROOPS in their HOMES.
What American experience with England was the motivation for the 2nd amendment?
What American experience with England was the motivation for 3rd amendment?
What American experience with England was the motivation for the 4th amendment?
Search and Seizure
The 4th Amendment
Protects citizens from UNREASONABLE SEARCHES and SEIZURES of property.
Authorities need a WARRANT from a JUDGE to search or seize (take) one's property.
Rights of the Accused (Due Process)
The 5th Amendment
The accused must be NOTIFIED of the CHARGES brought against him/her.
The accused must also be given a CHANCE to present a DEFENSE in COURT.
The GOVERNMENT cannot require SELF-INCRIMINATING testimony.
[The Government may not] try a defendant TWICE for the SAME crime if the DEFENDANT has already been ACQUITTED (been found innocent).
Right to Speedy Trial by Jury
The 6th Amendment
Guarantees a JURY trial in CRIMINAL cases and the RIGHT to be DEFENDED by a LAWYER.
Jury in Civil Cases
The 7th Amendment
Requires JURIES in CIVIL cases
Examples of civil cases include: breach of contract, divorce, debt collection, foreclosure
Prevents JUDGES from ordering "EXCESSIVE BAIL" or imposing "CRUEL and UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT" on a CONVICTED criminal.
Powers Reserved to the People
The 9th Amendment
Assures that the RIGHTS not listed in the CONSTITUTION are not the ONLY ones that EXIST.
All POWERS not given to the NATIONAL [federal] government and not DENIED to the STATES are RESERVED for the STATES or for the PEOPLE.
Assured that the POWER of the NATIONAL government would be LIMITED.