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Transcript of Central America
1. What are some of the similarities/differences in the geography of Central America and Mexico?
2. What are some of the similarities/differences in the history of Central America and Mexico?
3. What are some of the similarities/differences in the culture of Central America and Mexico? Culture History Climate zones include desert/dry shrub, coniferous forest, tropical grassland (Savannah), and tropical rain forest. Major Geographical features
Sierra Madre Oriental- A range of mountains that extends from the southern U.S. border roughly to the Tropic of Cancer.
Sierra Madre Occidental- A stretch of mountanous terrain stretching roughly parallel to the Gulf of Mexico, similar to the Sierra Madre Oriental.
Baja California- A penninsula stretching from southern California into the Pacific Ocean with the Gulf of California seperating it from Mexico.
Yucatan penninsula- A land mass surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribean sea jutting out of south eastern Mexico.
Panama Canal- A synthetic(Man made) channel that connects the Pacific ocean with the Caribean sea. Similar to the St. Lawrence riverway in North America.
Lago de Nicaragua- A large lake that dominate the majority of southern Nicaragua, just south of the capital Managua. Relative location of Central America and Mexico
South of the United States of America.
North of South America.
East of the Pacific Ocean.
West of the gulf of Mexico. Mesoamerica: an area stretching from the central Mexico to Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, and part of Costa Rica.
Latin America: an area of the Americas where Romance languages were spoken, but not including France. REVIEW :( What are the eight countries in this presentation?
What is Mesoamerica?
What civilizations capital was Tenochitlan?
Who was the last Aztec emperor?
Which European power colonized Central America?
What is modernism in art?
From what country does papusas come from?
What is the diameter of the sun? :) Country- Capital- Coordinates
Belize- Belmopan- 17˚15'N/88˚46'W
Costa Rica- San Jose- 9˚56'N/84˚05'W
El Salvador- San Salvador- 13˚42'N/89˚12'W
Guatemala- Guatemala City- 14˚38'N/90˚31'W
Honduras- Tegucigalpa- 14˚06'N/87˚13'W
Mexico- Mexico City- 19˚26'N/99˚08'W
Nicaragua- Managua- 2˚09'N/86˚25'W
Panama- Panama City- 8˚58'N/79˚32'W FOOD :I First art in Mesoamerica referred to as Pre-Columbian art, crafted by indigenous people (Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Zapato, etc.).
Indochristian art was dominate in the 17th and 18th centuries. Essentially indigenous art combined with European art styles, such as Baroque.
Modernism began to dominate Central America in the later half of the 19th century. Essentialy the art of modern ideas.
Muralism, A.K.A. Muralismo, ecspecially Mexican muralism, began in the 1920's as a way to express difrent social and/or political topics.
Surrealism developed in war torn Europe around the same time as Muralism. Originating from Paris, the style has a certain unexpectedness about it.
Rupture Generation, A.K.A. Generación Ruptura, was an art movement in the 1960's to contest Muralism, which some had come to believe was only politicaly concentrated. Dance Story of Popocatepetle and Iztaccihuatl Now Gastronomy: The art of preparing and eating food. http://vivacqua.deviantart.com/art/1680x1050-Aztec-Calendar-87087368 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:San_Lorenzo_Monument_3.jpg 1600 B.C.E. 1300 B.C.E. 1000 B.C.E 700 B.C.E. 400 B.C.E. 100 B.C.E. 200 C.E. 500 C.E. 800 C.E. 1100 C.E. 1400 C.E. 1700 C.E. Olmec Civilization in Mesoamerica begins to thrive. Famous for their "Giant heads" and the Mesoamerican ballgame, a game similar to modern tennis or wall ball. Olmec Civilization begins to decline and decay. Other civilizations, such as the Aztecs, will be influenced by the Olmecs. The most likely causes of destruction are an invasion, internal strife, or ecological disaster. Mayan civilization begins to enter it's Classic age. Mayan civilization ultimately deteriorates. Like the Olmecs, their is no obvious reason, although the most likely reason is a drought. The Mexica (Aztecs) begin to dominate the valley of Mexico. Tenochitlan is their capital. 1500 C.E. 1600 C.E. 1800 C.E. 1900 C.E. Hernan Cortes leads an army into Modern day mexico, conquering the Aztecs, eventually encompassing the Aztec Empire into the growing Spanish Empire. Treaty of Tordesillas signed. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Political_Evolution_of_Central_America_and_the_Caribbean_1700_and_on.gif Several countries, such as Mexico, begin the process of independence. After many civil wars, Mexico begins to have a stable government. BiBliography Majority of people eat a mixture of rice, refried beans, tortillas, gallo pinto, eggs, cereal, corn, maize, mango, and papaya.
Cuisine is dependent on Region and resources avaliable, such as the Gallo pinto of Costa Rica and Nicaragua compared to the El Salvadorian Pupusa. Generally a duet, these dances are often fast paced and energetic.
Even though many dances, such as Salsa, were invented in the early 20th century, but were able to survive by evolving new moves.
Well known Latin American dances include Salsa,Tango, and the Cha-Cha-Cha. Art Tlaxcaltecas were a tribe of people who had been oppressed by the Aztecs, leading the Tlaxcaltecas to declare war on the Aztecs. The king of the Aztecs had a daughter named Iztaccihuatl, who basically wanted to be in a relationship with Popocatepetl. Popocatepetl was a warrior, so before he left to fight in the war, he asked the King if he could marry Iztaccihuatl. The king agreed, not expecting him to return. While Popocatepetle was away fighting the Tlaxcaltecas, a rival of his told Iztaccihuatl that he had died. Iztaccihuatl, in an explosive burst of depression, died. Popocatepetle returned from the war victorious, but soon learned about what happened to Iztaccihuatl. He wandered for some time, contemplating what he should do. He decided a splendid tomb should be built for Iztaccihuatl. After pulling together ten hills into a mountain, he carried her body to the summit and laid her there. For eternity he sat on the summit with a smoking torch, looking at his lover. Eventually, they became covered with snow and became two great volcanoes. Whenever Popocatepetle's Summit smokes, it smokes because of his memorey of Iztaccihuatl. Popocatepetle is still a dormant volcanoe, the word in the Nuhuatl language literaly means, "Smoking hill", or, "Hill that smokes". It also is still an active cone shaped volcanoe, with an age of approximately 73,000 years and a hieght of 5,450 meters (3386 miles) above sea level. On the other hand, Iztaccihuatle in Nuhuatl translates to, "White woman". Iztaccihuatl is an extinct volcanoe that is roughly 5,220 meters (3243 miles) above sea level. The pass cutting through the two landforms is referred to as, "Paso de Cortes", named after the famous Spanish explorer's route to attack the city of Tenochitlan. http://vivacqua.deviantart.com/art/1680x1050-Aztec-Calendar-87087368 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/Juangerson.jpg Hans Hoffman's painting, The gate. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9b/Hans_Hofmann%27s_painting_%27The_Gate%27%2C_1959%E2%80%9360.jpg Painting by Juan Gerson. Aztec Calender, picture taken by Vivacqua Andre Masson, Automatic drawing. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/7d/Masson_automatic_drawing.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/RiveraMuralNationalPalace.jpg Mural by Diego Rivera in the presidential palace. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Gallo_Pinto_at_breakfast.jpg Gallo Pinto Papusas http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Bailando.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Plain_pupusas_revueltas.jpg Dancing and stuff. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Mexico_relief_location_map.jpg http://www.emersonkent.com/images/central_america_1790_1911.jpg http://eoimages.gsfc.nasa.gov/images/imagerecords/5000/5369/ISS006-E-28546_lrg.jpg http://www.roatan.ws/maps/central-america/central-america.jpg http://emmajo.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/mexico-central-america-map.jpg http://www.ezilon.com/maps/images/political-map-of-Central-Am.gif http://0.tqn.com/d/budgettravel/1/0/3/P/panamacity-skyline2.jpg http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/photolib/maps/Map%20of%20Mexico%20Central%20America%20and%20West%20Indies%201941.jpg Arreola, Daniel D., et al. World Geography. Evanston: McDougal Littell, n.d.
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P.R.I.: Institutional Revolution Party. Established in the 1920's, it brought stability to Mexico.
Mexica: Technical name for Aztec people.
Mestizo: Person of mixed native and European origin.
Moctemezuma II: Technicaly the last monarch of the Aztec Empire.
Hernan Cortes: Spanish explorer who lead roughly 500 Conquistadors and thousands of native allies against the Aztecs.
Panama Canal: An artificial waterway connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Maya: A tribe that once dominated the modern Yucutan penninsula and surounding lands.
Olmec: An ancient and influental people. First settlements began around the modern town of San Lorenzo. Comes from two words in the Nahuat language, meaning linneage. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/21/Spain_and_Portugal.png