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the long lasting effects of genocide

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Yvonne Lin

on 4 June 2015

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Transcript of the long lasting effects of genocide

Intro
Genocide is “the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.” In the Belgian Congo the Congolese were maimed or killed because the Belgians considered them racially inferior and wanted to take advantage of them, which led to the deaths of 10 million natives, just during the time when the Congo was under Belgian rule, and many more in the following generations as well. Similarly in the Ottoman Empire, around where modern day Turkey and Armenia are, over a million Armenians died because the Turks wanted to unite themselves by making an enemy of the Armenians, who they considered to be inferior because of their race and religion. Just 16 years later, more than 6 million innocent Jewish lives were cold-heartedly taken, for they were the racially inferior scapegoats of all of Germany’s problems.
Genocides in the Belgian Congo, during World War I, and in the Holocaust led to pain and suffering that continues to last for generations.
A picture showing leftover bodies from a genocide.
A list of conditions that lead to genocide.
A word map of "genocide."
the long lasting effects of genocide
Holocaust
Synagogue Map
Life in the Ghettos
“its inhabitants were forced to live on 180 grams of bread a day, 220 grams of sugar a month, 1 kg. of jam and 1 kg. of honey, etc. It was calculated that the officially supplied rations did not cover even 10 percent of the normal requirements. If one had wanted really to restrict oneself to the official rations then the entire population of the ghetto would have had to die of hunger in a very short time....”
~ Life in the Warsaw Ghetto, Emanuel Ringelblum
A quote showing that even after the genocide is over, the survivors still suffer because they aren’t allowed to talk about it or acknowledge it.
“They punish and incarcerate anyone who acknowledge it as genocide.” --Deanna Naman, survivor of Armenian Genocide
The Armenian Genocide
In the Armenian Genocide, the Armenian people faced great amounts of pain and suffering which lasted long after the genocide technically ended. This genocide began in 1915 in the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish government, who was Muslim, wanted unite all of the Muslim Turks, so they decided to make an enemy of the Armenians. With careful planning they put forth a plan that eventually result in the death of over half a million Christians. The first event of the genocide took place on April 24, 1915 when the Turkish government arrested and killed hundreds of Armenian leaders. This caused the Christians to become defenseless because so many of the people that they would rely on to protect their people were dead. Over the next few years, even worse events occurred as a result of this because the Armenians had no one to lead them in fighting back against the Turks.

The Belgian Congo
During the Belgian rule of the Congo, millions of innocent Congolese were tortured and killed, causing pain and suffering that lasted for many generations even after the Belgian rule was over. When King Leopold II bought the Congo and claimed it for himself, he ordered the Belgians to control the Congolese and force them to work. The Belgians came to the Congo in the late 1800s looking to get the natural resources like rubber or ivory. Therefore, the natives were forced to harvest rubber from trees. They had a certain quota that they had to meet and when it wasn’t met, the Belgians cut off the hands of the family members of the workers. The Belgians who collected the rubber that the natives harvested had superiors who they had to report to, and the superiors began to accept hands instead of rubber because it showed that the Belgians were working the natives hard enough. As a result, the Belgians began to take any chance that they could to cut off the hands of the natives. Not only were the hands of the workers cut off, all Congolese were constantly violently abused and their homes destroyed. This occurred when the quotas of the workers were not met, and also often just because the Belgians felt like it. Because they didn’t view the natives as equals, they were okay with torturing and murdering them just for fun.
Description of the terrible life in the ghettos for the jews.
Map
An image showing children whose father failed to meet the work quota, showing how the natives were treated during the Belgian Congo.
This is a modern map of the area where the Armenian Genocide occurred. The Ottoman Empire covered the area which is now Turkey and Armenia and was the location where the Armenians were suffering during the Armenian genocide and where many Armenians continue to suffer from the genocide's effects today.
“Evangelize the savages so that they stay forever in submission to the white colonialists, so they never revolt against the restraints they are undergoing. Recite every day-"Happy are those who are weeping because the kingdom of God is for them." Convert the blacks always by using the whip.”--King Leopold
A quote from King Leopold’s private letter to the soldiers that would work in the Belgian Congo, showing the intentions of the Belgians.
Quote
“There were horrible stories of girls being strung up by their braids and being beheaded and babies thrown into the air and caught by the sharp blades
of their swords.”
-Deanna Naman
This is a map of all the synagogues
burnt on the night of kristallnacht.
The Holocaust may be the most well-known genocide in modern history. About six million innocent Jewish people were brutally murdered over such a long period of time that the population took decades to recover. Once Hitler assumed power, he wanted to use an ethnic minority as a scapegoat to blame all of his country’s problems from the World War I on, and because Hitler’s already strong hatred for the Jewish race, they took all the blame. By January 1933, through lots of propaganda and speeches, Hitler convinced the German citizens that they were the superior race, and that Jews were ridden with disease and unworthy of living in Germany. No other country wanted the Jews because of similar prejudice, so Hitler took the only option left: to kill them. He started by forcing them to wear a star so they could be easily identified. Then, his Nuremberg Laws banned these innocents from marrying pure Germans and from going to public places like the park or the cinema, isolating them from the rest of the German population.
This is a quote from Deanna Naman, a survivor of the Armenian genocide. It shows that even though the genocide is over, she still remembers how horrible it was and the suffering.
Photograph
A chart describing the background, experience, and legacy of the Belgian Congo.
The personal property of King Leopold II of Belgium, including the Congo. Almost all people in the areas he controlled were part of the genocide.
Millions Dead
This photograph shows a woman crying over
the body of a child, most likely her son. Her emotional pain and the body of her son, which looks starved, show the suffering that the Armenians experienced during the genocide.
A picture showing all the bodies killed by gas chambers or in concentration camps.
Chart
Steps To Genocide
This chart shows the amount of Armenians that
were killed during the genocide. 75% of the original population was killed off, which caused suffering for the people who were murdered and the Armenians who survived. The survivors had to live with the pain of what they witnessed for the rest of their lives.
The steps Hitler took to destroy the Jewish population.
Not only did the Turkish government physically abuse the Armenians, they also kidnapped many Armenian children and gave them to Turkish families. These children were taught Islam and other Turkish customs from a young age and were not told about their Armenian heritage. This caused suffering for the families of the kidnapped children because they would never see their kids again. It also caused suffering for the Armenian culture in general because fewer and fewer children were being brought up in its traditions. Over the next few generations, many Armenian children grew up believing that they were Turkish, and very few Armenian children grew up in a good, healthy Armenian household. This meant that even when the genocide was over, the Armenian culture was still dying out. In conclusion, the Armenian genocide shows that genocide can impact people for generations through many forms of pain and suffering.
Additionally, even after the genocide was over the Armenians had a harder time recovering from the tragedy because all their intellectuals were gone and could not help them rebuild. After all the Armenian leaders were murdered, the Turks made the Armenian people leave their homes and go to the desert. They were forced to wander through the desert without food, water, or other supplies. Thousands of Armenians starved to death, died of dehydration, or of heat stroke. This resulted in a giant decrease of the Armenian population which not only brought sadness to the friends and family of the deceased, but also eliminated any chance the Armenians had at fighting back. After the genocide ended, Armenians still suffered emotionally and physically because of the losses of many loved ones and the medical issues that resulted from not having enough food and water.
However, the true horror was yet to come. On November 7, 1938, a Jewish teenage boy shot and killed a German diplomat out of frustration for the poor treatment his family received. Two days later, angry mobs raided Jewish communities, burning over 250 synagogues and looting over 7,000 Jewish businesses. Such destruction occurred that this night became known historically as “The Night of Broken Glass.” Dozens of Jews lost their lives and hundreds of others were taken to concentration camps. By 1939, all Jews were moved and forced to live in a small, filthy, enclosed area called a ghetto. They received minute proportions of food, so thousands starved to death or contracted fatal diseases. In 1942, those still capable of working were taken to concentration camps where they were worked to death or killed in gas chambers. The rest were taken to lightly populated areas to be shot. Because so many people were terrorized or killed, Jewish populations took a long time to recover. Jewish marriages were deemed illegal and all Jews had to live in a restricted area, so reproduction decreased. Many families did not have enough food to feed their children and themselves, again decreasing Jewish population. The trauma that these innocents and their families and friends went through was unforgettable for them, so the fear remained in Jewish hearts for generations after the genocide ended.
Many migrated to places such as the United States, but were afraid to return to their homes even after World War II ended. The Nuremberg Trials also convicted and executed many German officials for mass killing, but the Jewish population still felt threatened because strong anti-semitism still persisted throughout Europe for years. Another reason the Nuremberg Trials did not satisfy the Jews was that government officials and important businessmen who were not directly involved in the killing but played key roles in it received little to no punishment at all. Finally in 1948, three years after the World War II ended, the international community created a refuge for Jews worldwide and named this country Israel. Within two years after the foundation of this country, over 1.3 million Jewish people flocked to their safe haven. This genocide known as the Holocaust is extremely horrid, not only because millions of innocent lives were taken, but also because the fear and depression that the survivors suffered through directly impacted later generations because of the anxiety-ridden lives their parents lived. These people could not even return to their previous homes because of lasting hatred in Europe, so a new country had to be created to protect them. One should never forget this incident or take it lightly, for it is one of the most shameful and alarming periods in human history.
In total, 10 million Congolese were killed and millions more were maimed for life. Because so many of the people were maimed for life, it was hard for the survivors to work, gather food, and other basic necessities for life. Most of the working class was maimed and therefore unable to work any longer, leading to the country being deprived of resources and struggling to survive. When their homes were destroyed, it was extremely hard to rebuild them with so many people disabled. The country took a long time to physically recover from the genocide because of the dramatic decrease in population, and inability to harvest and utilize resources for export and basic uses for everyday life. In addition, there was a mental impact on how other countries and even the Congo themselves looked at and treated the natives. The Congolese became viewed as less than human, and as objects, tools, or slaves. Even today, the Congolese are abused by surrounding countries and the Congolese themselves. The Belgians caused a genocide that dramatically affected the Congo negatively for many generations. To this day, surrounding countries and the Congolese themselves abuse the workers and certain natives. The murder and abuse of the Congolese by the Belgians was a genocide that definitely impacted the country for many years to come.
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