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Copy of naxalites
Transcript of Copy of naxalites
security challenge for India
in the 21st century? Agnieszka Żebrowska
University of Warsaw Naxalites-
maoist - inspired, left - wing,
extremist movement that
was born in India in the 1960s. 2000 2010 2005 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1925 is established CPI history... 1946 Telangana & Darjeeling 3000 villages
4000 victims riots led by
CPI activists 1964 CPI splits 1967 Charu Mazumdar (Cārū Mazūmdār) Naxalbari (Naksalbārī) 1975 emergency rule
People's War Group very radical!
active today .................2000 many splits
no charismatic leaders
movement is very weak in 1980 there were 30 various groups
calling themselves naxalites unification:
PWG+Maoist Communist Centre+Red Flag=
CPI(Mao) banned under
Unlawful Activities Prevention Act in 2009 Where do they operate? 7000 villages
w 13 states RED CORRIDOR liberated zones
assassinations (soldiers & police forces) HOW THEY OPERATE? māovādī - 'maoism' vs
khāovādī - 'bribery'
CCOMPOSA - Coordination Committee of Maoist Organisations in South Asia tribal people
educated, unemployed youth
from big cities Who are naxalites today? Manmohan Singh:
The naxalite movement is „the bigest internal security challenge that India has to face in the 21st century” counter - insurgency
strategy CIVIL SPO SALWA JUDUM GREEN HUNT naxalite's
counter - arguments Authorities are
avoiding responsibility there were
no negotiations people first,
business next! Manabendra Nath Roy CPI - Marx CPI - further radicalization
- ideological bond with China many stories like that China's Chairman is Our Chairman; China's Path is Our Path 2004 naxalites =
terrorists? naxalites=LAW&ORDER PROBLEM What are their demands? equal distribution of welth from the economic growth
abolition of forceful resettlements
stop exploitation & destruction of the environment in the red corridor Government's arguments:
- naxals are a threat to security, integrity
and order in the country
- they have their own business in
the red corridor
- progress has its costs