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A9-Discuss the use of eclectic approaches to treatment
Transcript of A9-Discuss the use of eclectic approaches to treatment
What is an eclectic approach to treatment?
Definition: An approach that incorporates principles or techniques from various systems or theories. Eclectic therapy recognizes the strengths and limitations of various methods of therapy and tailors sessions to the needs of the individual client or group
Strengths of the Eclectic Approach
The eclectic approach is like trying to get the "best of both worlds". Designed to reap the benefits of different types of treatment while also attempting to circumvent some of the negative aspects as well.
A patient with Major Depression may be in need of a more immediate form of treatment. While Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy has been shown to be effective it also takes a long period of time for it to take effect. The patient may even be so severe that they may not be responsive to CBT or IPT because both are based on communication. Drug therapy may be recommended at first in order to reduce the symptoms and then the patient may go through CBT and perhaps when they are more stable, group therapy.
• Limitations of the Eclectic Approach
A combination of treatment is not always necessary and can actually be detrimental to a patient’s health. Someone with Major Depression may not yet be severe enough to need medication and would be responsive to group therapy or CBT. Drug therapy, which is within itself quite dangerous, could worsen a person’s condition.
Evans et al. (1992):
found that 12 weeks of cognitive therapy were just as effective at preventing relapse two years later as continued antidepressant use.
McDermut et al. (2001):
conducted a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of group therapy for depression. 45 of 48 studies saw patients’ symptoms improve
Rush et al. (1997)
: This study suggests that higher relapse rate for those treated with drugs arises because patients in a cognitive therapy program learn skills to cope with depression that patients given drugs do not.
Hollon and Beck (1994)
: A number of studies have found that that cognitive therapies are more effective than drug treatment alone at preventing relapse or recurrence except when drug treatment is continued long-term.
Klerman et al. (1994)
: A combination of psychotherapy (cognitive or interpersonal) and drugs appears to be moderately more successful than either psychotherapy or drugs alone.
Eclectic Approach to Therapy: Major Depressive Disorder
Ambar G. Martin
Discuss the use of eclectic approaches to treatment
Choose an abnormal disorder you are familiar when answering this question. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of eclectic approaches to treatment for this abnormal disorder and find studies to support your claims.
This presentation will focus on Mood Disorders, particularly Major Depressive Disorder.
For someone with Major Depression this may mean trying to reach stability through drug therapy while also learning the coping strategies necessary to avoid relapse through CBT, IPT, or Group Therapy.