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Daniel Jones

on 18 October 2015

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Transcript of Music


Due to the invention of the radio, many Americans were able to have an inexpensive form of entertainment - music.
The radio was the most important medium in the music industry.
Folk music
Country music
Western music
The origins of country music can be found in recordings that Southern Appalachian fiddle players made in the late 1910s.

Country Music
Western Music
After being popularized by radio and recordings in the 1930s, a new style arose - called "country and western."
This got its name from its eastern (Tennessee) and southwestern (Texas) roots.
Western music derirves from the blues.
Ragtime is a style of music with a syncopated melodic line.
Ragtime evolved because of black Americans.
Although it was mostly popular in the 1890s, ragtime was a very important ingredient in the creation of jazz.
One of the most popular ragtime songs is "Rhapsody in Blue" composed by George Gershwin in 1924.
The blues is an art form that rooted in the southern U.S.
This music was inspired from work songs, folk tradition, and black spirituals.
This multirhythmic music that emerged because of African-Americans played a big role in the creation of jazz music.
The word "jazz" was meant to describe an attitude and changing mood of the 1920s.
Types of Music:
Roots of Jazz
North American roots like African rituals, celebrations, work songs, and multirhythmic sounds.
Roots from the traditional songs of French, Spanish, English, Scottish, Irish, Italian, German, and Slavonic music.
African roots like musical traditions and ideas.
-Overlapping rhythms, a melody line, and religious music.

Musical Influences of Jazz
Jazz was influenced by music like:
The Blues
Work songs
Religious pieces
What is Jazz?
Jazz is a music popularized by mostly black Americans that contains improvisation, syncopation, and a forceful rhythm.
Jazz is usually rugged, informal, and performed by a small group.
Jazz originated in New Orleans, then moved to Chicago and New York.
Common Jazz Instruments
Drum Set/Percussion
Types of Jazz
Swing (1930s)
Bebop (1940s)
-A popular bebop artist was Charlie Parker, known for his extensive alto sax skills.
Cool Jazz (1948-1950s)
-Miles Davis made this calmer form of jazz music that used unusual instruments like French horns.
Hard Bop (1950s)
-A popular hard bop artist was Elvis Presley.
Jazz Musicians
Louis Armstrong: "Wonderful World"
-Armstrong dominated the jazz world for almost 50 years.
Jelly Roll Morton: "King Porter Stomp"
-Influenced many components of jazz.
Duke Ellington: "Take the A Train"
Billie Holiday: "Strange Fruit"
Miles Davis: "So What"
King Oliver: "West End Blues"
Sidney Bechet: "Si tu vois ma mere"
Until the late 1920s, all movies were silent.
A technology called "synchronized sound" was developed in the late 1920s.
Synchronized sound allowed movies to have talking and singing.
It was not just how an actor moved, it was how an actor moved in relation to music.
Music and Movies in the Roaring 20s
First 10 Hollywood Stars
Mary Pickford
Norma Shearer
William S. Hart
Colleen Moore
Constance Talmadge
Norma Talmadge
Harold Lloyd
Tom Mix and Tony (his horse)
Gloria Swanson
Charlie Chaplin
Most Popular Films in the 20s
1. Metropolis
2. Nosferatu
3. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
4. The Kid
5. The Gold Rush
Effects of Jazz
Jazz music influenced all aspects of society.
-Poetry, fashion, and industry were affected by the music.
Jazz poetry was created from the merging of poetry and music in the 1920s.
Jazz music furthered the rebellion against society by allowing women to wear shorter dresses and cut their hair.
-The work of the rebellion paid off when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote.
-The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920.
African American jazz music swept across the nation in the 1920s.
Jazz music was respected as an African American art form.
For the first time in history, the culture of the minority was desired by the majority.
Effects on African American Life
Jazz Dances
The Grizzly Bear
Turkey Trot
-Most dancers loved the simplicity of the One-Step, but hated the old- fashioned name.
-They began to call the One-Step a new fashionable name, the Fox-Trot.
-The Fox-Trot became the favorite dance of 1920.

Photo Sources
Vocals are used by jazz vocalists to scat sing.
-Scat singing is an improvised singing that imitates the sound of an instrument.
Trumpets are played by blowing air through closed lips, which produces a buzzing sound.
The trumpet was the lead instrument in early jazz.
The trend of loud trumpet solos continued with Louis Armstrong and Freddie Keppard.
The trombone is a brass instrument that uses a slide to change its pitch.
In early jazz, the trombone was used to create counter melodies behind the lead instrument.
Trombones were essential in the swing era.
When bebop became popular, trombones became uncommon.
A saxophone is a woodwind instrument that has a single-reed mouthpiece.
The saxophone was used in early jazz as a solo instrument.
Popular saxophonists include:
-Sidney Bechet
-Coleman Hawkins
-Charlie Parker
"Rhapsody in Blue" Fantasia 2000
"It Don't Mean a Thing"
Duke Ellington 1943
"The Gold Rush" Trailer (1925)
Charlie Chaplin
A woodwind instrument with a single-reed mouthpiece.
The clarinet was popular in early New Orleans jazz as well as swing.
The clarinet was not a very popular jazz instrument.
Drum Set/Percussion
Pianos were used in jazz music often because they could be used as a solo or ensemble instrument.
Bass Guitars
Photo Sources #2
Louis Armstrong
(1901 – 1971)
"Wonderful World"
"When the Saints Go Marching In"
"Hello, Dolly!"
"La Vie En Rose"
"Mack the Knife"
Top 5 Songs
Billie Holiday
"Strange Fruit"
"God Bless the Child"
"Gloomy Sunday"
"Good Morning Heartache"
Top 5 Songs
Duke Ellington
"Take the 'A' Train
"It Don't Mean a Thing"
"I Got It Bad"
"Sophisticated Lady"
Top 5 Songs
The radio was a large part of music in the 1920s and 1930s.
By 1922, there were 600 radio stations in the U.S.
60% of American families purchased radios from 1923 to 1930.
Folk Music
In 1922, a radio station based in Georgia was the first to broadcast folk songs to an audience.
Country and Folk
Country and Folk music were often called "Hillbilly Music".
Instrumentation included:
-The Banjo
-The Fiddle
-The Guitar
The Banjo
Banjos were introduced by African slaves.
The Fiddle
The fiddle originated in Scotland.
The fiddle is referred to as "the poor man's violin".
The fiddle is a simplified violin, so the player can also sing.
The Guitar
The guitar was more popular in the plains.
This movie is about a futuristic city where the upper and lower classes are strictly separated. In the movie, the son of the city's mastermind falls in love with a working class prophet.

In this silent film, a vampire expresses interest in a real estate agent's wife.
"The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari"
In this silent German film, an insane hypnotist uses a person to commit murders.
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